33 Facts About Louisiana

1. Louisiana is bordered by the state of Texas to the west, Arkansas to the north, Mississippi to the east, and the Gulf of Mexico to the south.

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2. Louisiana is the only US state with political subdivisions termed parishes, which are equivalent to counties, making it one of only two US states not subdivided into counties.

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3. Louisiana was named after Louis XIV, King of France from 1643 to 1715.

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4. Mississippian period in Louisiana was when the Plaquemine and the Caddoan Mississippian cultures developed, and the peoples adopted extensive maize agriculture, cultivating different strains of the plant by saving seeds, selecting for certain characteristics, etc.

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5. The Plaquemine culture in the lower Mississippi River Valley in western Mississippi and eastern Louisiana began in 1200 and continued to about 1600.

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6. Significant Caddoan Mississippian archaeological sites in Louisiana include Belcher Mound Site in Caddo Parish and Gahagan Mounds Site in Red River Parish.

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7. Many current place names in Louisiana, including Atchafalaya, Natchitouches, Caddo, Houma, Tangipahoa, and Avoyel (as Avoyelles), are transliterations of those used in various Native American languages.

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8. Spanish interest in Louisiana faded away for a century and a half.

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9. Thus, Vincennes and Peoria were the limit of Louisiana's reach; the outposts at Ouiatenon, Chicago, Fort Miamis (near present-day Fort Wayne, Indiana), and Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin, operated as dependencies of Canada.

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10. At the start of the 19th century, Louisiana was a small producer of sugar with a relatively small number of slaves, compared to Saint-Domingue and the West Indies.

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11. Interestingly, for a slave-state, Louisiana harbored escaped Filipino slaves from the Manila Galleons.

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12. From 1824 to 1861, Louisiana moved from a political system based on personality and ethnicity to a distinct two-party system, with Democrats competing first against Whigs, then Know Nothings, and finally only other Democrats.

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13. Gulf of Mexico 'dead zone' off the coast of Louisiana is the largest recurring hypoxic zone in the United States.

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14. The humid, thick, jungle-like heat in southern Louisiana is a famous subject of countless stories and movies.

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15. Louisiana is often affected by tropical cyclones and is very vulnerable to strikes by major hurricanes, particularly the lowlands around and in the New Orleans area.

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16. Additionally, the state operates a system of 22 state parks, 17 state historic sites and one state preservation area; in these lands, Louisiana maintains a diversity of fauna and flora.

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17. Louisiana contains 308 incorporated municipalities, consisting of four consolidated city-parishes, and 304 cities, towns, and villages.

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18. Louisiana is the second-most populous of the South Central United States after Texas.

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19. The center of population of Louisiana is located in Pointe Coupee Parish, in the city of New Roads.

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20. The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of New Orleans, Diocese of Baton Rouge, and Diocese of Lafayette in Louisiana are the largest Catholic jurisdictions in the state, located within the Greater New Orleans, Greater Baton Rouge, and Lafayette metropolitan statistical areas.

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21. The largest Islamic denominations in the major metropolises of Louisiana were Sunni Islam, non-denominational Islam and Quranism, Shia Islam, and the Nation of Islam.

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22. In 2014, Louisiana was ranked as one of the most small business friendly states, based on a study drawing upon data from more than 12,000 small business owners.

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23. Port of South Louisiana, located on the Mississippi River between New Orleans and Baton Rouge, was the largest volume shipping port in the Western Hemisphere and 4th largest in the world, as well as the largest bulk cargo port in the US in 2004.

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24. The Port of South Louisiana continued to be the busiest port by tonnage in the US through 2018.

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25. South Louisiana was number 15 among world ports in 2016.

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26. Louisiana is a subsidized state, and Louisiana taxpayers receive more federal funding per dollar of federal taxes paid compared to the average state.

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27. Third distinct culture in Louisiana is that of the Islenos.

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28. The 1868 constitution, passed during the Reconstruction era before Louisiana was re-admitted to the Union, banned laws requiring the publication of legal proceedings in languages other than English.

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29. In 2018, Louisiana became the first US state to join the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie as an observer.

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30. Since Louisiana joined the Francophonie, new organizations have launched to help revitalize Louisiana French and Creole, including the Nous Foundation.

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31. In 1997, Louisiana became the first state to offer the option of a traditional marriage or a covenant marriage.

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32. Louisiana is unique among US states in using a system for its state and local elections similar to that of modern France.

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33. Louisiana is nominally the least populous state with more than one major professional sports league franchise: the National Basketball Association's New Orleans Pelicans and the National Football League's New Orleans Saints.

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