Christmas Day is a public holiday in many countries, is celebrated religiously by a majority of Christians, as well as culturally by many non-Christians, and forms an integral part of the holiday season organized around it.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,395
Celebratory customs associated in various countries with Christmas Day have a mix of pre-Christian, Christian, and secular themes and origins.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,397
English word "Christmas Day" is a shortened form of "Christ's Mass".
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,398
Xmas is an abbreviation of Christmas Day found particularly in print, based on the initial letter chi in Greek Khristos, although some style guides discourage its use.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,399
Christmas Day played a role in the Arian controversy of the fourth century.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,400
Many popular customs associated with Christmas Day developed independently of the commemoration of Jesus' birth, with some claiming that certain elements have origins in pre-Christian festivals that were celebrated by pagan populations who were later converted to Christianity.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,403
The prevailing atmosphere of Christmas has continually evolved since the holiday's inception, ranging from a sometimes raucous, drunken, carnival-like state in the Middle Ages, to a tamer family-oriented and children-centered theme introduced in a 19th-century transformation.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,404
The forty days before Christmas became the "forty days of St Martin", now known as Advent.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,406
Christmas Day during the Middle Ages was a public festival that incorporated ivy, holly, and other evergreens.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,408
Christmas Day gift-giving during the Middle Ages was usually between people with legal relationships, such as tenant and landlord.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,409
The annual indulgence in eating, dancing, singing, sporting, and card playing escalated in England, and by the 17th century the Christmas Day season featured lavish dinners, elaborate masques, and pageants.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,410
Protests followed as pro-Christmas Day rioting broke out in several cities and for weeks Canterbury was controlled by the rioters, who decorated doorways with holly and shouted royalist slogans.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,412
In Britain, the Christmas Day tree was introduced in the early 19th century by the German-born Queen Charlotte.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,416
In 1832, the future Queen Victoria wrote about her delight at having a Christmas Day tree, hung with lights, ornaments, and presents placed round it.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,417
Christmas Day has been called the "father of the American Christmas card".
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,418
On June 28,1870, Christmas was formally declared a United States federal holiday.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,419
Up to the 1950s in the UK, many Christmas Day customs were restricted to the upper classes and better-off families.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,420
Christmas Day is celebrated as a major festival and public holiday in countries around the world, including many whose populations are mostly non-Christian.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,421
Since the 16th century, the poinsettia, a native plant from Mexico, has been associated with Christmas Day carrying the Christian symbolism of the Star of Bethlehem; in that country it is known in Spanish as the Flower of the Holy Night.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,425
Rolls of brightly colored paper with secular or religious Christmas Day motifs are manufactured for the purpose of wrapping gifts.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,426
In some countries, Christmas Day decorations are traditionally taken down on Twelfth Night.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,427
Christmas Day cards are purchased in considerable quantities and feature artwork, commercially designed and relevant to the season.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,428
Christmas Day is typically a peak selling season for retailers in many nations around the world.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,429
In most Western nations, Christmas Day is the least active day of the year for business and commerce; almost all retail, commercial and institutional businesses are closed, and almost all industries cease activity, whether laws require such or not.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,430
One economist's analysis calculates that, despite increased overall spending, Christmas Day is a deadweight loss under orthodox microeconomic theory, because of the effect of gift-giving.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,431
Christmas Day has at times been the subject of controversy and attacks from various sources, both Christian and non-Christian.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,432
Today, some conservative Reformed denominations such as the Free Presbyterian Church of Scotland and the Reformed Presbyterian Church of North America likewise reject the celebration of Christmas based on the regulative principle and what they see as its non-Scriptural origin.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,434
In 1984, the US Supreme Court ruled in Lynch v Donnelly that a Christmas display owned and displayed by the city of Pawtucket, Rhode Island, did not violate the First Amendment.
|FactSnippet No. 1,736,436