15 Facts About Puritan


Almost all Puritan clergy left the Church of England after the restoration of the monarchy in 1660 and the 1662 Uniformity Act.

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Some Puritan ideals, including the formal rejection of Roman Catholicism, were incorporated into the doctrines of the Church of England; others were absorbed into the many Protestant denominations that emerged in the late 17th and early 18th centuries in North America and Britain.

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Originally, Puritan was a pejorative term characterizing certain Protestant groups as extremist.

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Those referred to as Puritan called themselves terms such as "the godly", "saints", "professors", or "God's children".

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Puritan called the Hampton Court Conference in 1604, and heard the teachings of four prominent Puritan leaders, including Laurence Chaderton, but largely sided with his bishops.

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Over time, however, Puritan theologians developed a framework for authentic religious experience based on their own experiences as well as those of their parishioners.

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Puritan clergy wrote many spiritual guides to help their parishioners pursue personal piety and sanctification.

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Puritan churchgoers attended two sermons on Sundays and as many weekday sermons and lectures they could find, often traveling for miles.

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Pious Puritan mothers laboured for their children's righteousness and salvation, connecting women directly to matters of religion and morality.

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Puritan pastors undertook exorcisms for demonic possession in some high-profile cases.

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Puritan millennialism has been placed in the broader context of European Reformed beliefs about the millennium and interpretation of biblical prophecy, for which representative figures of the period were Johannes Piscator, Thomas Brightman, Joseph Mede, Johannes Heinrich Alsted, and John Amos Comenius.

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Puritan authorities shut down English theatres in the 1640s and 1650s—Shakespeare's Globe Theatre was demolished—and none were allowed to open in Puritan-controlled colonies.

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However, alehouses were closely regulated by Puritan-controlled governments in both England and Colonial America.

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William Prynne, the most rabid of the Puritan anti-toasters, wrote a book on the subject, Health's Sicknesse, that "this drinking and quaffing of healthes had it origin and birth from Pagans, heathens, and infidels, yea, from the very Deuill himself.

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English historian Christopher Hill, who has contributed to analyses of Puritan concerns that are more respected than accepted, writes of the 1630s, old church lands, and the accusations that William Laud was a crypto-Catholic:.

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