11 Facts About Appalachian Mountains


Appalachian Mountains, often called the Appalachians, are a system of mountains in eastern to northeastern North America.

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The Appalachian Mountains chain is a barrier to east–west travel, as it forms a series of alternating ridgelines and valleys oriented in opposition to most highways and railroads running east–west.

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Term Appalachian Mountains refers to several different regions associated with the mountain range.

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The term is often used more restrictively to refer to regions in the central and southern Appalachian Mountains, usually including areas in the states of Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, Maryland, West Virginia, and North Carolina, and sometimes extending as far south as northern Alabama, Georgia, and western South Carolina, and as far north as Pennsylvania, southern and east central Ohio, Lower New York and the Southern Tier region of New York.

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Now spelled "Appalachian Mountains, " it is the fourth-oldest surviving European place-name in the US.

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Appalachian Mountains region is generally considered the geographical divide between the eastern seaboard of the United States and the Midwest region of the country.

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The International Appalachian Mountains Trail is an extension of this hiking trail into the Canadian portion of the Appalachian Mountains range in New Brunswick and Quebec.

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Appalachian Mountains belt includes, with the ranges enumerated above, the plateaus sloping southward to the Atlantic Ocean in New England, and south-eastward to the border of the coastal plain through the central and southern Atlantic states; and on the north-west, the Allegheny and Cumberland plateaus declining toward the Great Lakes and the interior plains.

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Appalachian Mountains contain major deposits of anthracite coal as well as bituminous coal.

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Appalachian Mountains flora include a diverse assemblage of bryophytes, as well as fungi.

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Appalachian Mountains streams are notable for their highly diverse freshwater fish life.

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