63 Facts About North Carolina


North Carolina was inhabited by Carolina Algonquian, Iroquoian, and Siouan speaking tribes of Native Americans prior to the arrival of Europeans.

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North Carolina was established as a royal colony in 1729 and was one of the Thirteen Colonies.

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In 1755, colonial North Carolina received its first postmaster, James Davis, appointed by Benjamin Franklin.

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North Carolina often uses the slogan "First in Flight" on state license plates to commemorate this achievement, alongside a newer alternative design bearing the slogan "First in Freedom" in reference to the Mecklenburg Declaration and Halifax Resolves.

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North Carolina is defined by a wide range of elevations and landscapes.

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North Carolina was inhabited for at least 10, 000 years by succeeding prehistoric indigenous cultures.

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North Carolina'storically documented tribes in the North Carolina region include the Carolina Algonquian-speaking tribes of the coastal areas, such as the Chowanoke, Roanoke, Pamlico, Machapunga, Coree, and Cape Fear Indians, who were the first encountered by the English; the Iroquoian-speaking Meherrin, Cherokee, and Tuscarora of the interior; and Southeastern Siouan tribes, such as the Cheraw, Waxhaw, Saponi, Waccamaw, and Catawba of the Piedmont.

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North Carolina's expedition built Fort San Juan and left a contingent of 30 men there, while Pardo traveled further.

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North Carolina returned by a different route to Santa Elena on Parris Island, South Carolina, then a center of Spanish Florida.

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North Carolina settled south of the Chowan River and east of the Great Dismal Swamp in 1655.

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The new Province of North Carolina was named in honor and memory of his father, CharlesI.

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North Carolina became one of the Thirteen Colonies and with the territory of South Carolina was originally known as the Province of North Carolina.

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Loyalists in North Carolina were smaller in number than in some other colonies such as Georgia, South Carolina, Delaware, and New York.

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North Carolina did not have any printer or print shops until 1749, when the North Carolina Assembly commissioned James Davis from Williamsburg Virginia to act as their official printer.

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North Carolina was active in North Carolina's politics, as a member of the Assembly and later as the Sheriff.

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Eastern North Carolina was settled chiefly by immigrants from rural England and Gaelic speakers from the Scottish Highlands.

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The Piedmont upcountry and western mountain region of North Carolina was settled chiefly by Scots-Irish, English, and German Protestants, the so-called "cohee".

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The English, Welsh, Scots-Irish, and German settlers of western North Carolina tended to favor American independence from Britain.

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North Carolina had around 7, 800 men join the Continental Army under General George Washington; and an additional 10, 000 served in local militia units under such leaders as General Nathanael Greene.

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The western areas of North Carolina were mainly white families of European descent, especially Scotch-Irish, who operated small subsistence farms.

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In 1849, the North Carolina Railroad was created by act of the legislature to extend that railroad west to Greensboro, High Point, and Charlotte.

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In 1860, North Carolina was a slave state, in which one-third of the state's total population were African-American slaves.

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The state did not vote to join the Confederacy until President Abraham Lincoln called on it to invade its sister state, South North Carolina, becoming the last or penultimate state to officially join the Confederacy.

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Around 125, 000 troops from North Carolina served in the Confederate Army, and about 15, 000 North Carolina troops served in Union Army regiments, including men who left the state to join Union regiments elsewhere.

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Confederate troops from all parts of North Carolina served in virtually all the major battles of the Army of Northern Virginia, the Confederacy's most famous army.

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The largest battle fought in North Carolina was at Bentonville, which was a futile attempt by Confederate General Joseph Johnston to slow Union General William Tecumseh Sherman's advance through the Carolinas in the spring of 1865.

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North Carolina was hard hit by the Great Depression, but the New Deal programs of Franklin D Roosevelt for cotton and tobacco significantly helped the farmers.

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In 1988, North Carolina gained its first professional sports franchise, the Charlotte Hornets of the National Basketball Association.

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North Carolina is bordered by South Carolina on the south, Georgia on the southwest, Tennessee on the west, Virginia on the north, and the Atlantic Ocean on the east.

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The Piedmont region of central North Carolina is the state's most populous region, containing the six largest cities in the state by population.

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Destructive hurricanes that have hit North Carolina include Hurricane Fran, Hurricane Florence, Hurricane Floyd, Hurricane Hugo, and Hurricane Hazel, the latter being the strongest storm ever to make landfall in the state, as a Category4 in 1954.

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North Carolina provides a large range of recreational activities, from swimming at the beach to skiing in the mountains.

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North Carolina has theme parks, aquariums, museums, historic sites, lighthouses, elegant theaters, concert halls, and fine dining.

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North Carolina Carolinians enjoy outdoor recreation utilizing numerous local bike paths, 34 state parks, and 14 national parks.

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North Carolina has three major Combined Statistical Areas with populations of more than 1.

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North Carolina is home to a spectrum of different dialects of Southern American English and Appalachian English.

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North Carolina had the fourteenth highest poverty rate in the nation at 17.

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North Carolina is the leading U S state in production of flue-cured tobacco and sweet potatoes, and comes second in the farming of pigs and hogs, trout, and turkeys.

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North Carolina has 15 metropolitan areas, and in 2010 was chosen as the third-best state for business by Forbes Magazine, and the second-best state by chief executive officer Magazine.

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North Carolina established the North Carolina Museum of Art as the first major museum collection in the country to be formed by state legislation and funding and continues to bring millions into the NC economy.

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Musicians such as the North Carolina Ramblers helped solidify the sound of country music in the late 1920s, while the influential bluegrass musician Doc Watson hailed from North Carolina.

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North Carolina is the home of more American Idol finalists than any other state: Clay Aiken, Fantasia Barrino (season three), Chris Daughtry (season five), Kellie Pickler (season five), Bucky Covington (season five), Anoop Desai (season eight), Scotty McCreery (season ten), and Caleb Johnson (season thirteen).

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North Carolina has the most American Idol winners with Barrino, McCreery, and Johnson.

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North Carolina has five professional opera companies: Opera Carolina in Charlotte, NC Opera in Raleigh, Greensboro Opera in Greensboro, Piedmont Opera in Winston-Salem, and Asheville Lyric Opera in Asheville.

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The North Carolina Ballet is headquartered in Raleigh, and there is the Charlotte Ballet.

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Also stationed in North Carolina is the Military Ocean Terminal Sunny Point in Southport.

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North Carolina has 115 public school systems, each of which is overseen by a local school board.

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North Carolina Schools were segregated until the Brown v Board of Education trial and the release of the Pearsall Plan.

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In 1795, North Carolina opened the first public university in the United States—the University of North Carolina.

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The largest university in North Carolina is currently North Carolina State University, with more than 34, 000 students.

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Residents of North Carolina have a lower life expectancy than the U S national average of life expectancy.

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Transportation systems in North Carolina consist of air, water, road, rail, and public transportation including intercity rail via Amtrak and light rail in Charlotte.

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North Carolina has the second-largest state highway system in the country as well as the largest ferry system on the east coast.

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North Carolina's airports serve destinations throughout the United States and international destinations in Canada, Europe, Central America, and the Caribbean.

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North Carolina has a growing passenger rail system with Amtrak serving most major cities.

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Government of North Carolina is divided into three branches: executive, legislative, and judicial.

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In 2012, North Carolina was again considered a competitive swing state, with the Democrats even holding their 2012 Democratic National Convention in Charlotte.

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North Carolina Republicans won 10 of the 13 seats in 2016, when Democrats got 47 percent of the statewide vote.

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North Carolina is home to four major league sports franchises: the Carolina Panthers of the National Football League, the Charlotte Hornets of the National Basketball Association, and Charlotte FC of Major League Soccer are based in Charlotte, while the Raleigh-based Carolina Hurricanes play in the National Hockey League.

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The Hurricanes are the only major professional team from North Carolina to have won a league championship, having captured the Stanley Cup in 2006.

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North Carolina is home to two other top-level professional teams in less prominent sports—the Charlotte Hounds of Major League Lacrosse and the North Carolina Courage of the National Women's Soccer League.

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Additionally, North Carolina has minor league teams in other team sports including soccer and ice hockey, most notably North Carolina FC and the Charlotte Checkers, both of which play in the second tier of their respective sports.

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Golf is a popular summertime leisure activity, and North Carolina has hosted several important professional golf tournaments.

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