1. Franklin D Roosevelt created a new understanding of the presidency, permanently increasing the power of the president at the expense of Congress.
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3. Franklin D Roosevelt was prevented from accepting more Jewish immigrants by the restrictive Immigration Act of 1924, the prevalence of nativism and antisemitism among voters and members of Congress, and some resistance in the American Jewish community to the acceptance of Eastern European Jewish immigrants.
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8. In 1944, Franklin D Roosevelt requested that Congress enact legislation which would tax all "unreasonable" profits, both corporate and individual, and thereby support his declared need for over $10 billion in revenue for the war and other government measures.
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10. At the conference, Franklin D Roosevelt announced that he would only accept the unconditional surrender of Germany, Japan, and Italy.
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12. Franklin D Roosevelt avoided the State Department and conducted high level diplomacy through his aides, especially Harry Hopkins, whose influence was bolstered by his control of the Lend Lease funds.
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17. Franklin D Roosevelt refused to give a definitive statement as to his willingness to be a candidate again, and he even indicated to some ambitious Democrats, such as James Farley, that he would not run for a third term and that they could seek the Democratic nomination.
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18. In September 1940, Franklin D Roosevelt openly defied the Neutrality Acts by reaching the Destroyers for Bases Agreement, which, in exchange for military base rights in the British Caribbean Islands, gave 50 WWI American destroyers to Britain.
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21. Franklin D Roosevelt hoped to renegotiate the Russian debt from World War I and open trade relations, but no progress was made on either issue, and "both nations were soon disillusioned by the accord.
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22. Franklin D Roosevelt was active in expanding, funding, and promoting the National Park and National Forest systems.
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24. Franklin D Roosevelt failed badly, managing to defeat only one target, a conservative Democrat from New York City.
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26. Franklin D Roosevelt proposed the Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937, which would have allowed him to appoint an additional Justice for each incumbent Justice over the age of 70; in 1937, there were six Supreme Court Justices over the age of 70.
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29. Franklin D Roosevelt won re-nomination with little opposition at the 1936 Democratic National Convention, while his allies overcame Southern resistance to permanently abolish the long-established rule that had required Democratic presidential candidates to win the votes of two-thirds of the delegates rather than a simple majority.
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37. Franklin D Roosevelt used the transition period to select the personnel for his incoming administration, and he chose Howe as his chief of staff, Farley as Postmaster General, and Frances Perkins as Secretary of Labor.
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40. Franklin D Roosevelt rallied the progressive supporters of the Wilson administration while appealing to many conservatives, establishing himself as the leading candidate in the South and West.
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44. Franklin D Roosevelt began holding "fireside chats", in which he directly addressed his constituents via radio, often using these chats to pressure the New York State Legislature to advance his agenda.
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46. Franklin D Roosevelt agreed to run when party leaders convinced him that only he could defeat the Republican gubernatorial nominee, New York Attorney General Albert Ottinger.
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47. Franklin D Roosevelt initially resisted the entreaties of Smith and others within the party, as he was reluctant to leave Warm Springs and feared a Republican landslide in 1928.
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56. Franklin D Roosevelt requested that he be allowed to serve as a naval officer, but Wilson insisted that he continue to serve as Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
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57. Franklin D Roosevelt learned a valuable lesson, that federal patronage alone, without White House support, could not defeat a strong local organization.
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59. In 1914, Franklin D Roosevelt made an ill-conceived decision to run for the seat of retiring Republican Senator Elihu Root of New York.
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61. Franklin D Roosevelt was an attractive recruit for the party because Theodore Roosevelt was still one of the country's most prominent politicians, and a Democratic Roosevelt was good publicity; the candidate could pay for his own campaign.
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64. Franklin D Roosevelt was not always aware of when she visited the White House and for some time she could not easily reach him on the telephone without his secretary's help; Roosevelt, in turn, did not visit Eleanor's New York City apartment until late 1944.
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65. Franklin D Roosevelt had various extra-marital affairs, including one with Eleanor's social secretary Lucy Mercer, which began soon after she was hired in early 1914.
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67. On March 17, 1905, Franklin D Roosevelt married Eleanor in New York City, despite the fierce resistance of his mother.
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76. Franklin D Roosevelt was born on January 30, 1882, in the Hudson Valley town of Hyde Park, New York, to businessman James Roosevelt I and his second wife, Sara Ann Delano.
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78. Franklin D Roosevelt initiated the development of the world's first atomic bomb and worked with the other Allied leaders to lay the groundwork for the United Nations and other post-war institutions.
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