37 Facts About Philippines


The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest.

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The Philippines has diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands.

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Spanish settlement through Mexico, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming ruled by the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years.

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Philippines is an emerging market and a newly industrialized country whose economy is transitioning from being agriculture centered to services and manufacturing centered.

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The full official title, Republic of the Philippines, was included in the 1935 constitution as the name of the future independent state, it is mentioned in all succeeding constitutional revisions.

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From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines was governed as a territory of the Mexico City-based Viceroyalty of New Spain, and later administered from Madrid following the Mexican War of Independence.

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The Philippines survived on an annual subsidy provided by the Spanish Crown, which averaged 250, 000 pesos and was usually paid through the provision of 75 tons of silver bullion being sent from the Americas.

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Governmental functions were gradually devolved to Filipinos under the Taft Commission and in 1935 the Philippines was granted Commonwealth status with Manuel Quezon as president and Sergio Osmena as vice president.

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From 1942 the Japanese occupation of the Philippines was opposed by large-scale underground guerrilla activity.

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On October 11, 1945, the Philippines became one of the founding members of the United Nations.

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On July 4, 1946, the Philippines was officially recognized by the United States as an independent nation through the Treaty of Manila, during the presidency of Manuel Roxas.

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The Philippines is thought to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa, along with a large amount of copper deposits, and the world's largest deposits of palladium.

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Around 1, 100 land vertebrate species can be found in the Philippines including over 100 mammal species and 243 bird species not thought to exist elsewhere.

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The Philippines has among the highest rates of discovery in the world with sixteen new species of mammals discovered in the last ten years.

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The Philippines has the third highest number of endemic birds in the world with 243 endemics.

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Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is usually hot and humid.

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The wettest recorded typhoon to hit the Philippines dropped 2, 210 millimeters in Baguio from July 14 to 18, 1911.

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The Philippines is highly exposed to climate change and is among the world's ten countries that are most vulnerable to climate change risks.

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Philippines has a democratic government in the form of a constitutional republic with a presidential system.

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Philippines has a long relationship with the United States, covering economics, security, and people-to-people relations.

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The Philippines supported American policies during the Cold War and participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars.

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Relations with Middle Eastern countries are shaped by the high number of Filipinos working in these countries, and by issues related to the Muslim minority in the Philippines; concerns have been raised regarding issues such as domestic abuse and war affecting the approximately 2.

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Philippines has claims in the Spratly Islands which overlap with claims by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

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The Scarborough Shoal standoff in 2012, where China took control of the shoal from the Philippines, led to an international arbitration case and has made the shoal a prominent symbol in the wider dispute.

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Armed Forces of the Philippines consist of three branches: the Philippine Air Force, the Philippine Army, and the Philippine Navy.

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Philippines is governed as a unitary state, with the exception of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, although there have been several steps towards decentralization within the unitary framework.

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The first official census in the Philippines was carried out in 1877 and recorded a population of 5, 567, 685.

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Capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila.

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Article 3 of Republic Act No 11106 declared the Filipino Sign Language as the national sign language of the Philippines, specifying that it shall be recognized, supported and promoted as the medium of official communication in all transactions involving the deaf, and as the language of instruction of deaf education.

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Philippines is a secular state which protects freedom of religion.

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The Philippines suffers a triple burden of high levels of communicable diseases, high levels of non-communicable diseases, and high exposure to natural disasters.

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The effects on the Philippines was not as severe as other Asian nations because of the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund, in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth.

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In 2010, the Philippines was reported as having eclipsed India as the main center of BPO services in the world.

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The Philippines is a popular retirement destination for foreigners because of its climate and low cost of living.

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Philippines's work marked the start of the local production of movies.

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The Philippines was ranked 51st in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, it has increased its ranking considerably since 2014, where it was ranked 100th.

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The Philippines is the first tropical nation to compete at the Winter Olympic Games debuting in the 1972 Olympics.

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