61 Facts About Manila


Manila, known officially as the City of Manila, is the capital of the Philippines, and its second-most populous city.

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Manila is considered to be a global city and rated as an Alpha – City by Globalization and World Cities Research Network .

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Manila is considered to be part of the world's original set of global cities because its commercial networks were the first to extend across the Pacific Ocean and connect Asia with the Spanish Americas through the galleon trade; when this was accomplished, it marked the first time in world history that an uninterrupted chain of trade routes circling the planet had been established.

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Manila was the seat of power for most of the country's colonial rulers and was one of the royal Spanish cities in the Philippines in the Spanish East Indies, along with Cebu, Naga, and Iloilo.

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Term "Manila" is commonly used to refer to the whole metropolitan area, the greater metropolitan area, or the city proper.

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Manila is located on the eastern shore of Manila Bay, on the island of Luzon.

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Negritos, the aboriginal inhabitants of the Philippines, lived across the island of Luzon, where Manila is located, before the Malayo-Polynesians migrated in and assimilated them.

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Manila was an active trade partner with the Song and Yuan dynasties of China.

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Selurong, a historical name for Manila, is listed in Canto 14 alongside Sulot, which is Sulu, and Kalka.

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In 1574, Manila was temporarily besieged by the Chinese pirate Lim Hong, who was ultimately thwarted by the local inhabitants.

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Manila became famous for its role in the Manila–Acapulco galleon trade, which lasted for more than two centuries and brought goods from Europe, Africa and Hispanic America across the Pacific Islands to Southeast Asia, and vice versa.

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In 1606, upon the Spanish conquest of the Sultanate of Ternate, one of monopolizers of the growing of spice, the Spanish deported the ruler, Sultan Said Din Burkat of Ternate, along with his clan and his entire entourage to Manila, were they were initially enslaved and eventually converted to Christianity.

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Finally, of the mestizos, the mixed-race people here, I cannot even write because in Manila there is no limit to combinations of peoples with peoples.

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The new charter proclaimed that Manila was composed of eleven municipal districts: presumably Binondo, Ermita, Intramuros, Malate, Paco, Pandacan, Sampaloc, San Miguel, Santa Ana, Santa Cruz and Tondo.

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In 1948, President Elpidio Quirino moved the seat of government of the Philippines to Quezon City, a new capital in the suburbs and fields northeast of Manila, created in 1939 during the administration of President Manuel L Quezon.

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Manila's started the rejuvenation of the city as she re-branded Manila as the "City of Man".

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In January 1990, Lopez padlocked two Manila casinos operated by the Philippine Amusement and Gaming Corporation, saying the billions it gained cannot make up for the negative effects gambling inflicts upon the people, particularly the youth.

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Manila revived the Boys' Town Haven, rehabilitating its facilities to accommodate underprivileged children and provide them with livelihood and education.

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In 2012, DMCI Homes began constructing Torre de Manila, which became controversial for ruining the sight line of Rizal Park.

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The Torre de Manila controversy is regarded as one of the most sensationalized heritage issues of the country.

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In May 2019, Estrada claimed that Manila was debt-free two months later, the Commission on Audit verified that Manila has a total of 4.

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Manila was voted the third most resilient and least rude city for the year's index.

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Almost all of Manila sits on top of centuries of prehistoric alluvial deposits built by the waters of the Pasig River and on some land reclaimed from Manila Bay.

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Manila's land has been altered substantially by human intervention, with considerable land reclamation along the waterfronts since the American colonial times.

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Out of the five planned reclamation, only Horizon Manila was approved by the Philippine Reclamation Authority in December 2019 and was slated for construction in 2021.

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Manila is made up of 897 barangays, which are grouped into 100 Zones for statistical convenience.

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Under the Koppen climate classification system, Manila has a tropical savanna climate, bordering closely on a tropical monsoon climate .

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Manila has endured several deadly earthquakes, notably in 1645 and in 1677 which destroyed the stone and brick medieval city.

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Manila is known for its eclectic mix of architecture that shows a wide range of styles spanning different historical and cultural periods.

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Since Manila is prone to earthquakes, the Spanish colonial architects invented the style called Earthquake Baroque which the churches and government buildings during the Spanish colonial period adopted.

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Manila has been presumed to be the Philippines' largest city since the establishment of a permanent Spanish settlement with the city eventually becoming the political, commercial and ecclesiastical capital of the country.

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Since colonial times, Manila has been the destination of peoples whose origins are as wide-ranging as India and Latin-America.

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Manila's population increased dramatically since the 1903 census as the population tended to move from rural areas to towns and cities.

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Nationally, the population of Manila is expected to be overtaken by cities with larger territories such as Caloocan and Davao City by 2020.

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Crime in Manila is concentrated in areas associated with poverty, drug abuse, and gangs.

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Manila is the seat of prominent Catholic churches and institutions.

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The Manila Cathedral is the seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila and the oldest established church in the country.

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Manila Cathedral is the seat of Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila.

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Manila is a major center for commerce, banking and finance, retailing, transportation, tourism, real estate, new media as well as traditional media, advertising, legal services, accounting, insurance, theater, fashion, and the arts in the Philippines.

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Manila placed third in the Highly Urbanized City category.

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Manila held the title country's most competitive city in 2015, and since then has been making it to the top 3, assuring that the city is consistently one of the best place to live in and do business.

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Port of Manila is the largest seaport in the Philippines, making it the premier international shipping gateway to the country.

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Manila serves as the headquarters of the Central Bank of the Philippines which is located along Roxas Boulevard.

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Manila is regarded as one of the best shopping destinations in Asia.

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The Metropolitan Museum of Manila is a museum of modern and contemporary visual arts exhibits the Filipino arts and culture.

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Manila has many sports venues, such as the Rizal Memorial Sports Complex and San Andres Gym, the home of the now defunct Manila Metrostars.

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Manila has always been represented whenever city-based sports leagues are set up.

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Almost two decades later, the Manila Stars participated in the Maharlika Pilipinas Basketball League.

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Meralco Manila played in the Philippines Football League and designated the Rizal Memorial Stadium as their home ground.

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Manila Storm are the city's rugby league team training at Rizal Park and playing their matches at Southern Plains Field, Calamba, Laguna.

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Previously a widely played sport in the city, Manila is the home of the only sizable baseball stadium in the country, at the Rizal Memorial Baseball Stadium.

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Manila—officially known as the City of Manila—is the national capital of the Philippines and is classified as a Special City and a Highly Urbanized City .

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Manila, being the seat of political power of the Philippines, has several national government offices headquartered at the city.

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In Congress, Manila is represented by its six representatives, one each from its six congressional districts, while in the Senate, that body is elected nationally.

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The City of Manila has the highest budget allocation to healthcare among all the cities and municipalities in the Philippines, which maintains the six district hospitals, 59 health centers and lying-in clinic, and healthcare programs.

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All types of public road transport plying Manila are privately owned and operated under government-issued franchises.

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The Port of Manila, located at the western section of the city at the vicinity of Manila Bay, is the largest and chief seaport of the Philippines.

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Manila was ranked by TomTom as the second world's most traffic-congested city in 2019.

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Manila is notorious for its frequent traffic jams and high densities.

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Manila is the site of the Philippine General Hospital, the tertiary state-owned hospital administered and operated by the University of the Philippines Manila.

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Manila is the home to the headquarters of the World Health Organization's Regional Office for the Western Pacific and Country Office for the Philippines.

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