28 Facts About The Philippines


The Philippines is bounded by the South China Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to the east, and the Celebes Sea to the southwest.

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The Philippines has diverse ethnicities and cultures throughout its islands.

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Spanish settlement through Mexico, beginning in 1565, led to the Philippines becoming ruled by the Spanish Empire for more than 300 years.

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The Philippines is an emerging market and a newly industrialized country whose economy is transitioning from being agriculture centered to services and manufacturing centered.

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From 1565 to 1821, the Philippines was governed as a territory of the Mexico City-based Viceroyalty of New Spain, and later administered from Madrid following the Mexican War of Independence.

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Governmental functions were gradually devolved to Filipinos under the Taft Commission and in 1935 the Philippines was granted Commonwealth status with Manuel Quezon as president and Sergio Osmena as vice president.

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From 1942 the Japanese occupation of the Philippines was opposed by large-scale underground guerrilla activity.

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The Philippines is thought to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa, along with a large amount of copper deposits, and the world's largest deposits of palladium.

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The Philippines has among the highest rates of discovery in the world with sixteen new species of mammals discovered in the last ten years.

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The Philippines has the third highest number of endemic birds in the world with 243 endemics.

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The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is usually hot and humid.

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The Philippines is highly exposed to climate change and is among the world's ten countries that are most vulnerable to climate change risks.

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The Philippines has a democratic government in the form of a constitutional republic with a presidential system.

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The Philippines is a founding and active member of ASEAN .

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The Philippines has a long relationship with the United States, covering economics, security, and people-to-people relations.

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The Philippines supported American policies during the Cold War and participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars.

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The Philippines has claims in the Spratly Islands which overlap with claims by China, Malaysia, Taiwan, and Vietnam.

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Armed Forces of the Philippines consist of three branches: the Philippine Air Force, the Philippine Army, and the Philippine Navy.

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The Philippines is governed as a unitary state, with the exception of the Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, although there have been several steps towards decentralization within the unitary framework.

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Capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both within the single urban area of Metro Manila.

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The Philippines is a secular state which protects freedom of religion.

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The Philippines suffers a triple burden of high levels of communicable diseases, high levels of non-communicable diseases, and high exposure to natural disasters.

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The effects on the Philippines was not as severe as other Asian nations because of the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a result of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund, in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth.

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In 2010, the Philippines was reported as having eclipsed India as the main center of BPO services in the world.

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The Philippines is a popular retirement destination for foreigners because of its climate and low cost of living.

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The Philippines's work marked the start of the local production of movies.

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The Philippines was ranked 51st in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, it has increased its ranking considerably since 2014, where it was ranked 100th.

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The Philippines is the first tropical nation to compete at the Winter Olympic Games debuting in the 1972 Olympics.

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