25 Facts About Baguio


Baguio, officially known as the City of Baguio, is a 1st class highly urbanized city in the Cordillera Administrative Region, Philippines.

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Baguio was established as a hill station by the United States in 1900 at the site of an Ibaloi village known as Kafagway.

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Baguio used to be a vast mountain zone with lush highland forests, teeming with various wildlife such as the indigenous deer, cloud rats, Philippine eagles, Philippine warty pigs, and numerous species of flora.

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Baguio was converted into a "town", with Mateo Carino being the presidente.

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On September 1,1909, Baguio was declared as a chartered city and nicknamed the "Summer Capital of the Philippines".

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Major offensive to capture Baguio did not occur until April 1945, when the USAFIP-NL's 1st Battalion of the 66th Infantry, attached with the United States Army's 37th Infantry Division, the USAFIP-NL's 2nd Battalion of 66th Infantry, attached with the US 33rd Infantry Division, and the USAFIP-NL's 3rd Battalion of the 66th Infantry, converged on Baguio.

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Baguio is the site of the formal surrender of General Yamashita and Vice Admiral Okochi at Camp John Hay's American Residence in the presence of lieutenant generals Arthur Percival and Jonathan Wainwright.

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Baguio ceased to be the official "Summer Capital of the Philippines" in 1976.

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Benjamin Magalong, of the Philippine Constabulary detachment in Buguias, Benguet, who had defected from the government, gone to the nearby Central Police Station in Baguio, and disarmed its personnel to prevent any untoward incidents while Baguio City residents continued to gather at the cathedral to protest the abuses of the Marcos administration.

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Baguio is located some 1,400 meters above sea level, nestled within the Cordillera Central mountain range in northern Luzon.

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Baguio suffers from air pollution and is one of the cities with the dirtiest air in the country according to a 2014 WHO report.

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In 2018, Baguio was listed as one of the safest cities both in the ASEAN region, ranking sixth with a crime index of 40.

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Baguio is the melting pot of different peoples and cultures in the Cordillera Administrative Region.

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Baguio has a large retail industry, with shoppers coming to the city to take advantage of the diversity of competitively priced commercial products on sale.

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Baguio is one of the country's most profitable and best investment areas.

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Baguio has been included in UNESCO's Creative Cities Network due to craft and folk art traditions of the city particularly ranging on expressions to wood carving, silver craft, traditional weaving and tattooing.

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Baguio City is the first city in the Philippines to be part of the inter-city network which aims to promote the creative industries as well as integrate culture in sustainable urban development.

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Languages commonly spoken in Baguio are Ibaloi, Kankana-ey, Ilocano, Tagalog, and Pangasinan.

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Baguio is the lone Philippine destination in the 2011 TripAdvisor Traveller's Choice Destinations Awards with the city being among the top 25 destinations in Asia.

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Baguio has hosted several sporting events, even those of international standing.

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Baguio hosted the 1978 World Chess Championship match between Anatoly Karpov and Viktor Korchnoi, building the Baguio Convention Center for that purpose.

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In recent years, Baguio City has been racking up titles and medals in the field of Mixed Martial Arts led by Team Lakay.

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The creation of a separate electric franchise for Baguio would infringe on BENECO's existing franchise that mandated BENECO to provide electricity for both Baguio and Benguet which would create legal implications if it was to be amended.

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Baguio is the center of education in the Northern Philippines due to high performances in various professional licensure exams as well as adherence to high educational quality standards, housing some of the best and largest universities in Northern Luzon.

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The University of Baguio was set up as the Baguio Technical and Commercial Institute in 1948 by the Bautista family; it was upgraded to university status in 1969.

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