21 Facts About NAACP


NAACP is headquartered in Baltimore, with additional regional offices in New York, Michigan, Georgia, Maryland, Texas, Colorado and California.

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Four European Americans were among the founders of the NAACP, they included Mary White Ovington, Henry Moskowitz, William English Walling and Oswald Garrison Villard.

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Russell helped plan the NAACP and had served as acting chairman of the National Negro Committee, a forerunner to the NAACP.

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In 1913, the NAACP organized opposition to President Woodrow Wilson's introduction of racial segregation into federal government policy, workplaces, and hiring.

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NAACP began to lead lawsuits targeting disfranchisement and racial segregation early in its history.

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NAACP devoted much of its energy during the interwar years to fight the lynching of blacks throughout the United States by working for legislation, lobbying, and educating the public.

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The NAACP organized the appeals for twelve black men sentenced to death a month later based on the fact that testimony used in their convictions was obtained by beatings and electric shocks.

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White investigated eight race riots and 41 lynchings for the NAACP and directed its study Thirty Years of Lynching in the United States.

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NAACP worked for more than a decade seeking federal anti-lynching legislation, but the Solid South of white Democrats voted as a bloc against it or used the filibuster in the Senate to block passage.

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The NAACP regularly displayed a black flag stating "A Man Was Lynched Yesterday" from the window of its offices in New York to mark each lynching.

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The NAACP lost most of the internecine battles with the Communist Party and International Labor Defense over the control of those cases and the legal strategy to be pursued in that case.

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Board of directors of the NAACP created the Legal Defense Fund in 1939 specifically for tax purposes.

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The NAACP feared members could be fired or face violent retaliation for their activities.

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NAACP continued to use the Supreme Court's decision in Brown to press for desegregation of schools and public facilities throughout the country.

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NAACP followed that with passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which provided for protection of the franchise, with a role for federal oversight and administrators in places where voter turnout was historically low.

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The NAACP's effort was credited by observers as playing a significant role in Democrat Al Gore's winning several states where the election was close, such as Pennsylvania and Michigan.

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NAACP founded what he called the Coalition for the Advancement of Civil Rights.

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NAACP made a bid for increasing support by African Americans for Republicans, in the midst of a midterm election.

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NAACP boycotted the 2006 funeral services for Coretta Scott King, as he said the King children had chosen an anti-gay megachurch.

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The NAACP became increasingly vocal in opposition against state-level constitutional amendments to ban same-sex marriage and related rights.

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Since 1978, the NAACP has sponsored the Afro-Academic, Cultural, Technological and Scientific Olympics program for high school youth around the United States.

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