99 Facts About Baltimore


Baltimore is the most populous city in the U S state of Maryland, fourth most populous city in the Mid-Atlantic, and the 30th most populous city in the United States with a population of 585, 708 in 2020.

FactSnippet No. 605,262

Baltimore was designated asan independent city by the Constitution of Maryland in 1851, and today is the most populous independent city in the United States.

FactSnippet No. 605,263

Baltimore is located about 40 miles north northeast of Washington, D C, making it a principal city in the Washington–Baltimore combined statistical area (CSA), the third-largest CSA in the nation, with a 2021 estimated population of 9, 946, 526.

FactSnippet No. 605,264

Battle of Baltimore was a pivotal engagement during the War of 1812, culminating in the failed British bombardment of Fort McHenry, during which Francis Scott Key wrote a poem that would become "The Star-Spangled Banner, " which was eventually designated as the American national anthem in 1931.

FactSnippet No. 605,265

Baltimore has more public statues and monuments per capita than any other city in the country.

FactSnippet No. 605,266

Baltimore has 66 National Register Historic Districts and 33 local historic districts.

FactSnippet No. 605,267

Baltimore area had been inhabited by Native Americans since at least the 10th millennium BC, when Paleo-Indians first settled in the region.

FactSnippet No. 605,268

Baltimore Manor was the name of the estate in County Longford which the Calvert family, Barons Baltimore, owned in Ireland.

FactSnippet No. 605,269

Baltimore is an anglicization of the Irish name Baile an Ti Mhoir, meaning "town of the big house".

FactSnippet No. 605,270

The original county seat, known today as Old Baltimore, was located on Bush River within the present-day Aberdeen Proving Ground.

FactSnippet No. 605,271

Baltimore grew swiftly in the 18th century, its plantations producing grain and tobacco for sugar-producing colonies in the Caribbean.

FactSnippet No. 605,272

Since Baltimore was the county seat, a courthouse was built in 1768 to serve both the city and county.

FactSnippet No. 605,273

In 1774, Baltimore established the first post office system in what became the United States, and the first water company chartered in the newly independent nation.

FactSnippet No. 605,274

Baltimore acquired its moniker "The Monumental City" after an 1827 visit to Baltimore by President John Quincy Adams.

FactSnippet No. 605,275

Baltimore pioneered the use of gas lighting in 1816, and its population grew rapidly in the following decades, with concomitant development of culture and infrastructure.

FactSnippet No. 605,276

Baltimore had one of the worst riots of the antebellum South in 1835, when bad investments led to the Baltimore bank riot.

FactSnippet No. 605,277

Baltimore saw the first casualties of the war on April 19, 1861, when Union Soldiers en route from the President Street Station to Camden Yards clashed with a secessionist mob in the Pratt Street riot.

FactSnippet No. 605,278

On February 7, 1904, the Great Baltimore Fire destroyed over 1, 500 buildings in 30 hours, leaving more than 70 blocks of the downtown area burned to the ground.

FactSnippet No. 605,279

Baltimore proposed to recognize majority white residential blocks and majority black residential blocks and to prevent people from moving into housing on such blocks where they would be a minority.

FactSnippet No. 605,280

The Baltimore Council passed the ordinance, and it became law on December 20, 1910, with Democratic Mayor J Barry Mahool's signature.

FactSnippet No. 605,281

Baltimore has had a high homicide rate for several decades, peaking in 1993, and again in 2015.

FactSnippet No. 605,282

Baltimore is in north-central Maryland on the Patapsco River close to where it empties into the Chesapeake Bay.

FactSnippet No. 605,283

Baltimore is almost surrounded by Baltimore County, but is politically independent of it.

FactSnippet No. 605,284

The Baltimore Basilica is a neoclassical design by Benjamin Latrobe, and one of the oldest Catholic cathedrals in the United States.

FactSnippet No. 605,285

Streets of Baltimore are organized in a grid and spoke pattern, lined with tens of thousands of brick and formstone-faced rowhouses.

FactSnippet No. 605,286

Formstone facings, once a common feature on Baltimore rowhouses, were an addition patented in 1937 by Albert Knight.

FactSnippet No. 605,287

Baltimore's newly rehabilitated Everyman Theatre was honored by the Baltimore Heritage at the 2013 Preservation Awards Celebration in 2013.

FactSnippet No. 605,288

Baltimore is officially divided into nine geographical regions: North, Northeast, East, Southeast, South, Southwest, West, Northwest, and Central, with each district patrolled by a respective Baltimore Police Department.

FactSnippet No. 605,289

Interstate 83 and Charles Street down to Hanover Street and Ritchie Highway serve as the east–west dividing line and Eastern Avenue to Route 40 as the north–south dividing line; however, Baltimore Street is north–south dividing line for the U S Postal Service.

FactSnippet No. 605,290

Central Baltimore, originally called the Middle District, stretches north of the Inner Harbor up to the edge of Druid Hill Park.

FactSnippet No. 605,291

Downtown Baltimore has mainly served as a commercial district with limited residential opportunities; however, between 2000 and 2010, the downtown population grew 130 percent as old commercial properties have been replaced by residential property.

FactSnippet No. 605,292

Southeast Baltimore, located below Fayette Street, bordering the Inner Harbor and the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River to the west, the city line of 1919 on its eastern boundaries and the Patapsco River to the south, is a mixed industrial and residential area.

FactSnippet No. 605,293

Originally a predominantly German neighborhood, by the last half of the 19th century, Old West Baltimore was home to a substantial section of the city's black population.

FactSnippet No. 605,294

Notable neighborhoods in Southwest Baltimore include: Pigtown, Carrollton Ridge, Ridgely's Delight, Leakin Park, Violetville, Lakeland, and Morrell Park.

FactSnippet No. 605,295

Also through this segment of Baltimore ran the beginnings of the historic National Road, which was constructed beginning in 1806 along Old Frederick Road and continuing into the county on Frederick Road into Ellicott City, Maryland.

FactSnippet No. 605,296

City of Baltimore is bordered by the following communities, all unincorporated census-designated places.

FactSnippet No. 605,297

Baltimore has a humid subtropical climate in the Koppen climate classification, with long, hot summers, cool winters, and a summer peak to annual precipitation.

FactSnippet No. 605,298

The year between 2018 and 2019 had the largest year-to-year population loss, and in 2020 Baltimore lost more population than any other major city in the United States.

FactSnippet No. 605,299

Baltimore has a large Caribbean American population, with the largest groups being Jamaicans and Trinidadians.

FactSnippet No. 605,300

Housing in Baltimore is relatively inexpensive for large, coastal cities of its size.

FactSnippet No. 605,301

Homeless population in Baltimore is steadily increasing; it exceeded 4, 000 people in 2011.

FactSnippet No. 605,302

Crime in Baltimore, generally concentrated in areas high in poverty, has been extreme for many years.

FactSnippet No. 605,303

The worst years for crime in Baltimore overall were from 1993 to 1996; with 96, 243 crimes reported in 1995.

FactSnippet No. 605,304

In 2011, Baltimore police reported 196 homicides, the lowest number in the city since 197 homicides in 1978 and far lower than the peak homicide count of 353 slayings in 1993.

FactSnippet No. 605,305

Crime in Baltimore reached another peak in 2015 when the year's tally of 344 homicides was second only to the record 353 in 1993, when Baltimore had about 100, 000 more residents.

FactSnippet No. 605,306

Around the turn of the 20th century, Baltimore was the leading US manufacturer of rye whiskey and straw hats.

FactSnippet No. 605,307

Downtown Baltimore is the primary economic asset within Baltimore City and the region with 29.

FactSnippet No. 605,308

Nonprofits based in Baltimore include Lutheran Services in America and Catholic Relief Services.

FactSnippet No. 605,309

Almost a quarter of the jobs in the Baltimore region were in science, technology, engineering and math as of mid 2013, in part attributed to the city's extensive undergraduate and graduate schools; maintenance and repair experts were included in this count.

FactSnippet No. 605,310

Baltimore is ranked 9th for total dollar value of cargo and 13th for cargo tonnage for all U S ports.

FactSnippet No. 605,311

The Port of Baltimore generates $3 billion in annual wages and salary, as well as supporting 14, 630 direct jobs and 108, 000 jobs connected to port work.

FactSnippet No. 605,312

Baltimore is the home of the National Aquarium, one of the world's largest.

FactSnippet No. 605,313

Baltimore has a significant German American population, and was the second largest port of immigration to the United States, behind Ellis Island in New York and New Jersey.

FactSnippet No. 605,314

Baltimore has quite a history when it comes to making beer, an art that thrived in Baltimore from the 1800s to the 1950s with over 100 old breweries in the city's past.

FactSnippet No. 605,315

Baltimore is known for its Maryland blue crabs, crab cake, Old Bay Seasoning, pit beef, and the "chicken box".

FactSnippet No. 605,316

Baltimore is the last place in America where one can still find arabbers, vendors who sell fresh fruits and vegetables from a horse-drawn cart that goes up and down neighborhood streets.

FactSnippet No. 605,317

Baltimore has three state-designated arts and entertainment districts.

FactSnippet No. 605,318

Baltimore Symphony Orchestra is an internationally renowned orchestra, founded in 1916 as a publicly funded municipal organization.

FactSnippet No. 605,319

The Lyric Opera House is the home of Lyric Opera Baltimore, which operates there as part of the Patricia and Arthur Modell Performing Arts Center.

FactSnippet No. 605,320

The Baltimore Consort has been a leading early music ensemble for over twenty-five years.

FactSnippet No. 605,321

Baltimore is home to the Pride of Baltimore Chorus, a three-time international silver medalist women's chorus, affiliated with Sweet Adelines International.

FactSnippet No. 605,322

Baltimore is the home of non-profit chamber music organization Vivre Musicale.

FactSnippet No. 605,323

In 1981, Baltimore hosted the first International Theater Festival, the first such festival in the country.

FactSnippet No. 605,324

Baltimore has a long and storied baseball history, including its distinction as the birthplace of Babe Ruth in 1895.

FactSnippet No. 605,325

The original 19th century Baltimore Orioles were one of the most successful early franchises, featuring numerous hall of famers during its years from 1882 to 1899.

FactSnippet No. 605,326

Team currently known as the Baltimore Orioles has represented Major League Baseball locally since 1954 when the St Louis Browns moved to the city of Baltimore.

FactSnippet No. 605,327

The first major league to base a team in Baltimore was the All-America Football Conference, which had a team named the Baltimore Colts.

FactSnippet No. 605,328

Baltimore hosted a Canadian Football League franchise, the Baltimore Stallions for the 1994 and 1995 seasons.

FactSnippet No. 605,329

Baltimore Blast are a professional arena soccer team that play in the Major Arena Soccer League at the SECU Arena on the campus of Towson University.

FactSnippet No. 605,330

FC Baltimore 1729 is a semi-professional soccer club playing for NPSL league, with the goal of bringing a community-oriented competitive soccer experience to the city of Baltimore.

FactSnippet No. 605,331

Baltimore Blues are a semi-professional rugby league club which began competition in the USA Rugby League in 2012.

FactSnippet No. 605,332

The marathon begins at the Camden Yards sports complex and travels through many diverse neighborhoods of Baltimore, including the scenic Inner Harbor waterfront area, historic Federal Hill, Fells Point, and Canton, Baltimore.

FactSnippet No. 605,333

Baltimore Brigade were an Arena Football League team based in Baltimore that from 2017 to 2019 played at Royal Farms Arena.

FactSnippet No. 605,334

Baltimore is an independent city, and not part of any county.

FactSnippet No. 605,335

Baltimore has been a Democratic stronghold for over 150 years, with Democrats dominating every level of government.

FactSnippet No. 605,336

Baltimore was elected in 2020 and took office on December 8, 2020.

FactSnippet No. 605,337

Baltimore's was convicted on a single misdemeanor charge of embezzlement on December 1, 2009.

FactSnippet No. 605,338

Law enforcement on the fleet of transit buses and transit rail systems serving Baltimore is the responsibility of the Maryland Transit Administration Police, which is part of the Maryland Transit Administration of the state Department of Transportation.

FactSnippet No. 605,339

City of Baltimore is protected by the over 1, 800 professional firefighters of the Baltimore City Fire Department, which was founded in December 1858 and began operating the following year.

FactSnippet No. 605,340

Since the legislative redistricting in 2002, Baltimore has had six legislative districts located entirely within its boundaries, giving the city six seats in the 47-member Maryland Senate and 18 in the 141-member Maryland House of Delegates.

FactSnippet No. 605,341

Baltimore is one of three people in the last four decades to have represented the 3rd District before being elected to the United States Senate.

FactSnippet No. 605,342

Baltimore is the home of numerous places of higher learning, both public and private.

FactSnippet No. 605,343

City of Baltimore has a higher-than-average percentage of households without a car.

FactSnippet No. 605,344

The first limited-access highway serving Baltimore was the Baltimore–Washington Parkway, which opened in stages between 1950 and 1954.

FactSnippet No. 605,345

Maintenance of it is split: the half closest to Baltimore is maintained by the state of Maryland, and the half closest to Washington by the National Park Service.

FactSnippet No. 605,346

Interstate highways serving Baltimore are I-70, I-83, I-95, I-395, I-695 (the Baltimore Beltway), I-795 (the Northwest Expressway), I-895 (the Harbor Tunnel Thruway), and I-97.

FactSnippet No. 605,347

Public transit in Baltimore is mostly provided by the Maryland Transit Administration and Charm City Circulator.

FactSnippet No. 605,348

Baltimore is a top destination for Amtrak along the Northeast Corridor.

FactSnippet No. 605,349

Baltimore is served by two airports, both operated by the Maryland Aviation Administration, which is part of the Maryland Department of Transportation.

FactSnippet No. 605,350

Baltimore is served by Martin State Airport, a general aviation facility, to the northeast in Baltimore County.

FactSnippet No. 605,351

Baltimore has a comprehensive system of bicycle routes in the city.

FactSnippet No. 605,352

Alongside bike lanes, Baltimore has built bike boulevards, starting with Guilford Avenue in 2012.

FactSnippet No. 605,353

Baltimore currently has three major trail systems within the city.

FactSnippet No. 605,354

The Port of Baltimore is one of two seaports on the U S East Coast with a 50-foot dredge to accommodate the largest shipping vessels.

FactSnippet No. 605,355

The Waterfront Partnership of Baltimore took steps to remediate the waterways, in hopes that the harbor would be fishable and swimmable .

FactSnippet No. 605,356

Baltimore has two water wheel trash interceptors for removing garbage in area waterways.

FactSnippet No. 605,357

The Baltimore Sun was sold by its Baltimore owners in 1986 to the Times Mirror Company, which was bought by the Tribune Company in 2000.

FactSnippet No. 605,358

Baltimore is served by low-power station WMJF-CD 39, which transmits from the campus of Towson University.

FactSnippet No. 605,359

Baltimore has ten sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:.

FactSnippet No. 605,360