17 Facts About Hanover

1. Hanover was founded in medieval times on the east bank of the River Leine.

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2. Hanover was a small village of ferrymen and fishermen that became a comparatively large town in the 13th century, receiving town privileges in 1241, owing to its position at a natural crossroads.

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3. Hanover was thus a gateway to the Rhine, Ruhr and Saar river valleys, their industrial areas which grew up to the southwest and the plains regions to the east and north, for overland traffic skirting the Harz between the Low Countries and Saxony or Thuringia.

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4. The last British monarch who reigned in Hanover was William IV.

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5. In 1837, the personal union of the United Kingdom and Hanover ended because William IV's heir in the United Kingdom was female.

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6. The city of Hanover became the capital of the Prussian Province of Hanover.

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7. Hanover was in the British zone of occupation of Germany and became part of the new state of Lower Saxony in 1946.

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8. Today Hanover is a Vice-President City of Mayors for Peace, an international mayoral organisation mobilising cities and citizens worldwide to abolish and eliminate nuclear weapons by 2020.

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9. City of Hanover is divided into 13 boroughs and 53 quarters (Stadtteile).

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10. Some leading art events in Hanover are the Long Night of the Museums and the Zinnober Kunstvolkslauf which features all the galleries in Hanover.

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11. Hanover's leading cabaret stage is the GOP Variety theatre which is located in the Georgs Palace.

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12. Hanover was one of the rugby union capitals in Germany.

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13. Hanover-based teams dominated the German rugby scene for a long time.

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14. Hanover is one of the leading exhibition cities in the world.

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15. Hanover is an important hub of Germany's Autobahn network; the junction of two major autobahns, the A2 and A7 is at Kreuz Hannover-Ost, at the northeastern edge of the city.

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16. Hanover is home to many insurance companies including Talanx, VHV Group, and Concordia Insurance.

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17. The University of Veterinary Medicine Hanover maintains its own botanical garden specializing in medicinal and poisonous plants, the Heil- und Giftpflanzengarten der Tierarztlichen Hochschule Hannover.

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