20 Facts About Ruhr


Ruhr area has no administrative centre; each city in the area has its own administration, although there exists the supracommunal "Regionalverband Ruhr" institution in Essen.

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For 2010, the Ruhr region was one of the European Capitals of Culture.

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Urban landscape of the Ruhr extends from the Lower Rhine Basin east to the Westphalian Plain and south to the hills of the Rhenish Massif.

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The inclusion of four mainly rural districts in the otherwise mainly industrial Ruhr helps to explain the large proportion of agricultural and forested land.

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In many places however, the borders between cities in the central Ruhr are unrecognizable, blending into one urban landscape due to continuous development across them.

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Ruhr'story has no established name for this phase of the industrial revolution, but one could call it the early water-powered industrial revolution.

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The general strike effectively ended the Kapp government, but in the Ruhr, striking workers successfully managed to take government buildings in March 1920 shocking the rest of Germany.

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The workers councils that led the uprising declared the Ruhr to be a socialist republic, but the Freikorps and Reichswehr put down the rebellion in April 1919, and re-established the Weimar Republic's control of the Ruhr.

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However, the occupation of the Ruhr caused several direct and indirect consequences on the German economy and government.

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Ruhr was at the centre of the German economic miracle Wirtschaftswunder of the 1950s and 1960s, as very rapid economic growth created a heavy demand for coal and steel.

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The Ruhr region was hardest hit, as the easy-to-reach coal mines became exhausted, and German coal was no longer competitive.

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The Ruhr River is only one of half a dozen rivers in the Ruhr district, in addition to the Rhine.

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Ruhr has an oceanic climate in spite of its inland position, with winds from the Atlantic travelling over the lowlands to moderate temperature extremes, in spite of its relatively northerly latitude that sees significant variety in daylight hours.

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Ruhr is known for its numerous cultural institutions, many of which enjoy international reputation.

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Ruhr has three major opera houses and more than 10 theaters and stages.

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The UA Ruhr has three liaison offices for interested students in New York City, Moscow and Sao Paulo.

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The Ruhr region is well-integrated into the national rail system, the Deutsche Bahn, for both passenger and goods services, each city in the region has at least one or more train stations.

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Ruhr area contains the longest tram system in the world, with tram and Stadtbahn services from Witten to Krefeld as well as the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn network.

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Ruhr has one of the densest motorway networks in all of Europe, with dozens of Autobahns and similar Schnellstraßen crossing the region.

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Dortmund Airport in the Eastern Ruhr is a mid-sized airport, offering scheduled flights to domestic and European destinations and its approximately 1.

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