30 Facts About Essen


Essen is the central and, after Dortmund, second-largest city of the Ruhr, the largest urban area in Germany.

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The central and northern boroughs of Essen historically belong to the Low German language area, and the south of the city to the Low Franconian area .

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Essen is seat to several of the region's authorities, as well as to eight of the 100 largest publicly held German corporations by revenue, including three DAX-listed corporations.

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Essen is often considered the energy capital of Germany with E ON and RWE, Germany's largest energy providers, both headquartered in the city.

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Essen is known for its impact on the arts through the respected Folkwang University of the Arts, its Zollverein School of Management and Design, and the Red Dot industrial product design award.

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In 1958, Essen was chosen to serve as the seat to a Roman Catholic diocese .

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Essen is located in the centre of the Ruhr area, one of the largest urban areas in Europe, comprising eleven independent cities and four districts with some 5.

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Essen participates in a variety of networks and initiatives to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and to improve the city's resilience in the face of climate change.

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Essen has a typical oceanic climate with cool winters and warm summers .

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Essen was part of the settlement areas of several Germanic peoples, although a clear distinction among these groupings is difficult.

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Whereas Werden Abbey sought to support Liudger's missionary work in the Harz region, Essen Abbey was meant to care for women of the higher Saxon nobility.

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Essen's was to become the most important of all abbesses in the history of Essen.

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Essen's reigned for over 40 years, and endowed the abbey's treasury with invaluable objects such as the oldest preserved seven branched candelabrum, and the Golden Madonna of Essen, the oldest known sculpture of the Virgin Mary in the western world.

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In 1811, Friedrich Krupp founded Germany's first cast-steel factory in Essen and laid the cornerstone for what was to be the largest enterprise in Europe for a couple of decades.

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The weapon factories in Essen became so important that a sign facing the main railway station welcomed visitors Hitler and Mussolini to the "Armory of the Reich" in 1937.

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On 5 March 1943 Essen was subjected to one of the heaviest air-raids of the war.

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Administration of Essen had for a long time been in the hands of the princess-abbesses as heads of the Imperial Abbey of Essen.

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In 1377, Essen was granted imperial immediacy but had to abandon this privilege later on.

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Between the early 15th and 20th centuries, the political system of Essen underwent several changes, most importantly the introduction of the Protestant Reformation in 1563, the annexation of 1802 by Prussia, and the subsequent secularization of the principality in 1803.

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Essen became one of the centres of resistance to Social Democracy and the Freikorps alike.

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Current Mayor of Essen is Thomas Kufen of the Christian Democratic Union, who was elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2020.

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Coat of arms of the city of Essen is a heraldic peculiarity.

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Essen is home to several large companies, among them the ThyssenKrupp industrial conglomerate which is registered in Duisburg and originates from a 1999 merger between Duisburg-based Thyssen AG and Essen-based Friedrich Krupp AG Hoesch-Krupp.

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One renowned educational institution in Essen is the Folkwang University, a university of the arts founded in 1927, which is headquartered in Essen and has additional facilities in Duisburg, Bochum and Dortmund.

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The Essen Stadtbahn is one of the Stadtbahn systems integrated into the greater Rhine-Ruhr Stadtbahn network.

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Former collegiate church of Essen Abbey and nowadays cathedral of the Bishop of Essen is a Gothic hall church made from light sandstone.

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City of Essen has been awarding honorary citizenships since 1879 but has discontinued this tradition after the foundation of the Federal Republic of Germany in 1949.

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Rot-Weiss Essen is playing in the fourth tier of the German football league system, Regionalliga West, and Schwarz-Weiß Essen in the fifth tier, Oberliga Nordrhein-Westfalen.

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City's main basketball team is ETB Essen, currently called the ETB Wohnbau Baskets for sponsorship reasons.

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Essen hosted the 1955 nine-pin bowling World Championships and the final round of the FIBA EuroBasket 1971.

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