14 Facts About Bochum


Bochum is the sixth largest and one of the southernmost cities in the Low German dialect area.

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Terrain of Bochum is characterised by rolling hills that rarely have more than three per cent graduation.

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Current Mayor of Bochum is Thomas Eiskirch of the Social Democratic Party, who was elected in 2015 and re-elected in 2020.

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Bochum was the main center of the Polish community of the Ruhr, being the seat of various Polish organizations and enterprises.

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On 9 November 1938, Kristallnacht, the Bochum synagogue was set on fire and there was rioting against Jewish citizens.

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The first Jews from Bochum were deported to Nazi concentration camps and many Jewish institutions and homes were destroyed.

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On 15 July 1939, the Gestapo entered the headquarters of the Union of Poles in Germany in Bochum, searched it and interrogated its chief Michal Wesolowski it did not obtain the desired lists of Polish activists, which had been previously hidden by Poles.

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Town centre of Bochum was a strategic target during the Oil Campaign.

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Since the seventies, Bochum's industry has moved from heavy industry to the service sector.

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Bochum has a municipal zoo, a large municipal park and a number of other gardens and parks.

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Bochum is connected to the Autobahn network by the A 40, A 43 and A 44 autobahns.

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Ruhr University Bochum is served by an expressway running from the Nordhausen-Ring to Autobahn A43.

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Bochum is served by the Bundesstraße 51 and Bundesstraße 226.

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Bochum has a central station situated on the line from Duisburg to Dortmund, connecting the city to the long-distance network of Deutsche Bahn as well as to the Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn network.

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