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29 Facts About Thuringia
Thuringia is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's best-known hiking trail.
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Thuringia had an earlier existence as the Frankish Duchy of Thuringia, established around 631 AD by King Dagobert I The state was established in 1920 as a state of the Weimar Republic from a merger of the Ernestine duchies, save for Saxe-Coburg.
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Thuringia became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1949 but was dissolved in 1952 during administrative reforms, to be divided into the Districts of Erfurt, Suhl and Gera.
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The flag of Thuringia is a white-red bicolor, derived from the white and red stripes of the Ludowingian lion.
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In 1930, Thuringia was one of the free states where the Nazis gained real political power.
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Thuringia ensured that whenever an important position came up within Thuringia, he used his power to ensure that a Nazi was given that post.
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State of Thuringia was recreated with slightly altered borders during German reunification in 1990.
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Eastern Thuringia, commonly described as the area east of Saale and Loquitz valley, is marked by a hilly landscape, rising slowly from the flat north to the mountainous south.
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Thuringia is Germany's only state with no connection to navigable waterways.
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The centre of Thuringia is eight kilometres south of the capital's Cathedral, in the municipality of Rockhausen.
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The original natural vegetation of Thuringia is forest with beech as its predominant species, as can still be found in the Hainich mountains today.
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Since 1990, Thuringia's forests have been managed aiming for a more natural and tough vegetation more resilient to diseases and vermin.
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Thuringia is a stronghold for the Alternative for Germany, the party emerged as the largest in Thuringia in the 2021 national elections.
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Thuringia's economy is marked by the economic transition that happened after the German reunification and led to the closure of most of the factories within the Land.
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Until 2004, Thuringia was one of the weakest regions within the European Union.
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External immigration into Thuringia has been encouraged by the government since about 2010 to counter this problem.
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The most important regional railway lines in Thuringia are the Neudietendorf–Ritschenhausen railway from Erfurt to Wurzburg and Meiningen, the Weimar–Gera railway from Erfurt to Chemnitz, the Sangerhausen–Erfurt railway from Erfurt to Magdeburg, the Gotha–Leinefelde railway from Erfurt to Gottingen, the Halle–Kassel railway from Halle via Nordhausen to Kassel and the Leipzig–Hof railway from Leipzig via Altenburg to Zwickau and Hof.
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Thuringia is the only state without barge or ship waterways; its rivers are too small to be navigable to them.
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The most recent institution of higher education in Thuringia is the Duale Hochschule Gera-Eisenach, a cooperative state college founded in 2016 through a merger of the colleges in Gera and Eisenach.
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