29 Facts About Thuringia


Thuringia is bordered by Bavaria, Hesse, Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Saxony.

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Thuringia is home to the Rennsteig, Germany's best-known hiking trail.

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Thuringia was favoured by or was the birthplace of three key intellectuals and leaders in the arts: Johann Sebastian Bach, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, and Friedrich Schiller.

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Thuringia had an earlier existence as the Frankish Duchy of Thuringia, established around 631 AD by King Dagobert I The state was established in 1920 as a state of the Weimar Republic from a merger of the Ernestine duchies, save for Saxe-Coburg.

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Thuringia became part of the German Democratic Republic in 1949 but was dissolved in 1952 during administrative reforms, to be divided into the Districts of Erfurt, Suhl and Gera.

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Thuringia was re-established in 1990 following German reunification, slightly re-drawn, and became one of the new states of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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The flag of Thuringia is a white-red bicolor, derived from the white and red stripes of the Ludowingian lion.

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Thuringia generally accepted the Protestant Reformation, and Roman Catholicism was suppressed as early as 1520; priests who remained loyal to it were driven away and churches and monasteries were largely destroyed, especially during the German Peasants' War of 1525.

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In 1930, Thuringia was one of the free states where the Nazis gained real political power.

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Thuringia ensured that whenever an important position came up within Thuringia, he used his power to ensure that a Nazi was given that post.

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State of Thuringia was recreated with slightly altered borders during German reunification in 1990.

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Eastern Thuringia, commonly described as the area east of Saale and Loquitz valley, is marked by a hilly landscape, rising slowly from the flat north to the mountainous south.

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Thuringia is Germany's only state with no connection to navigable waterways.

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The centre of Thuringia is eight kilometres south of the capital's Cathedral, in the municipality of Rockhausen.

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The original natural vegetation of Thuringia is forest with beech as its predominant species, as can still be found in the Hainich mountains today.

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Since 1990, Thuringia's forests have been managed aiming for a more natural and tough vegetation more resilient to diseases and vermin.

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The main Slavic tribe in what is Thuringia were the Sorbs proper, who unified all tribes in what is southern half of Eastern Germany.

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Protestant parishes of Thuringia belong to the Evangelical Church in Central Germany or to the Evangelical Church of Hesse Electorate-Waldeck .

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Thuringia is a stronghold for the Alternative for Germany, the party emerged as the largest in Thuringia in the 2021 national elections.

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Thuringia's economy is marked by the economic transition that happened after the German reunification and led to the closure of most of the factories within the Land.

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GDP of Thuringia is below the national average, in line with the other former East German Lands.

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Until 2004, Thuringia was one of the weakest regions within the European Union.

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The wages in Thuringia are low compared to rich bordering Lands like Hesse and Bavaria.

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External immigration into Thuringia has been encouraged by the government since about 2010 to counter this problem.

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The A38 is another west–east connection in the north of Thuringia running from Gottingen in Lower Saxony via Heiligenstadt and Nordhausen to Leipzig in Saxony.

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The most important regional railway lines in Thuringia are the Neudietendorf–Ritschenhausen railway from Erfurt to Wurzburg and Meiningen, the Weimar–Gera railway from Erfurt to Chemnitz, the Sangerhausen–Erfurt railway from Erfurt to Magdeburg, the Gotha–Leinefelde railway from Erfurt to Gottingen, the Halle–Kassel railway from Halle via Nordhausen to Kassel and the Leipzig–Hof railway from Leipzig via Altenburg to Zwickau and Hof.

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Thuringia is the only state without barge or ship waterways; its rivers are too small to be navigable to them.

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Polytechnics of Thuringia are based in Erfurt, Jena, Nordhausen and Schmalkalden .

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The most recent institution of higher education in Thuringia is the Duale Hochschule Gera-Eisenach, a cooperative state college founded in 2016 through a merger of the colleges in Gera and Eisenach.

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