55 Facts About Maryland


Demand for cheap labor from Maryland colonists led to the importation of numerous indentured servants and enslaved Africans.

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Maryland was an active participant in the events leading up to the American Revolution, and by 1776, its delegates signed the Declaration of Independence.

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Maryland was founded to provide a haven for England's Roman Catholic minority.

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In 1642, a number of Puritans left Virginia for Maryland and founded Providence on the western shore of the upper Chesapeake Bay.

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Into the 18th century, individual priests and lay leaders claimed Maryland farms belonging to the Jesuits as personal property and bequeathed them in order to evade the legal restrictions on religious organizations' owning property.

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Penn successfully argued that the Maryland charter entitled Lord Baltimore only to unsettled lands, and Dutch settlement in Delaware predated his charter.

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Maryland was one of the thirteen colonies that revolted against British rule in the American Revolution.

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New state constitution in 1864 abolished slavery and Maryland was first recognized as a "Free State" in that context.

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The "Bonus Army" marched through the state in 1932 on its way to Washington, D C Maryland instituted its first income tax in 1937 to generate revenue for schools and welfare.

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In 1952, the eastern and western halves of Maryland were linked for the first time by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge, which replaced a nearby ferry service.

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Maryland possesses a variety of topography within its borders, contributing to its nickname America in Miniature.

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Maryland is bounded on its north by Pennsylvania, on its north and east by Delaware, on its east by the Atlantic Ocean, and on its south and west, across the Potomac River, by West Virginia and Virginia.

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Portions of Maryland are included in various official and unofficial geographic regions.

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Maryland has no natural lakes, mostly due to the lack of glacial history in the area.

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Maryland has shale formations containing natural gas, where fracking is theoretically possible.

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Maryland joined with neighboring states during the end of the 20th century to improve the health of the Chesapeake Bay.

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In March 2017, Maryland became the first state with proven gas reserves to ban fracking by passing a law against it.

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Maryland has a wide array of climates, due to local variances in elevation, proximity to water, and protection from colder weather due to downslope winds.

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Eastern half of Maryland — which includes the cities of Ocean City, Salisbury, Annapolis, and the southern and eastern suburbs of Washington, D C, and Baltimore — lies on the Atlantic Coastal Plain, with flat topography and sandy or muddy soil.

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The center of population of Maryland is located on the county line between Anne Arundel County and Howard County, in the unincorporated community of Jessup.

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The majority of Maryland's population is concentrated in the cities and suburbs surrounding Washington, D C, as well as in and around Maryland's most populous city, Baltimore.

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Southern Maryland is still somewhat rural, but suburbanization from Washington, D C, has encroached significantly since the 1960s; important local population centers include Lexington Park, Prince Frederick, California, and Waldorf.

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Racial Makeup of Maryland excluding Hispanics from racial categoriesNH = Non-Hispanic.

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Maryland has one of the most diverse Hispanic populations in the country, with significant populations from various Caribbean and Central American nations.

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Maryland has been historically prominent to American Catholic tradition because the English colony of Maryland was intended by George Calvert as a haven for English Catholics.

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However, Maryland has been using Genuine Progress Indicator, an indicator of well-being, to guide the state's development, rather than relying only on growth indicators like GDP.

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Maryland has the most millionaires per capita in 2013, with a ratio of 7.

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Maryland is home to several large military bases and scores of high-level government jobs.

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Maryland has large areas of fertile agricultural land in its coastal and Piedmont zones, though this land use is being encroached upon by urbanization.

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Maryland is a major center for life sciences research and development.

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Maryland is home to defense contractor Emergent BioSolutions, which manufactures and provides an anthrax vaccine to U S government military personnel.

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Maryland has several sites of interest to military history, given Maryland's role in the American Civil War and in the War of 1812.

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Maryland has experimented with healthcare payment reforms, notably beginning in the 1970s with an all-payer rate setting program regulated by the Health Services Cost Review Commission.

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I-83 has 34 miles in Maryland and connects Baltimore to southern central Pennsylvania (Harrisburg and York, Pennsylvania).

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Maryland has an 11-mile portion of I-81 that travels through the state near Hagerstown.

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Maryland has a state highway system that contains routes numbered from 2through 999, however most of the higher-numbered routes are either unsigned or are relatively short.

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Power in Maryland is divided among three branches of government: executive, legislative, and judicial.

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Maryland's governor is unique in the United States as the office is vested with significant authority in budgeting.

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Judicial branch of state government consists of one united District Court of Maryland that sits in every county and Baltimore City, as well as 24 Circuit Courts sitting in each County and Baltimore City, the latter being courts of general jurisdiction for all civil disputes over $30, 000, all equitable jurisdiction and major criminal proceedings.

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Maryland imposes five income tax brackets, ranging from 2to 6.

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Since before the Civil War, Maryland's elections have been largely controlled by the Democrats, which account for 54.

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One of Maryland's best known political figures is a Republican – former governor Spiro Agnew, who pled no contest to tax evasion and resigned in 1973.

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Maryland's district covers parts of Anne Arundel and Prince George's counties, in addition to all of Charles, Calvert, and St Mary's counties in southern Maryland.

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Per the Constitution of Maryland, Hogan is term-limited, and may not run for a third consecutive term in the 2022 Maryland gubernatorial election.

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Maryland is served by statewide PBS member station Maryland Public Television.

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Primary and secondary education in Maryland is overseen by the Maryland State Department of Education, which is headquartered in Baltimore.

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Each county and county-equivalent in Maryland has a local Board of Education charged with running the public schools in that particular jurisdiction.

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Data from the 2017 census shows that, among large school districts, four Maryland districts are in the top six for per-pupil annual spending, exceeded only by the Boston and New York City districts.

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Maryland has a broad range of private primary and secondary schools.

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In 2003, Maryland law was changed to allow for the creation of publicly funded charter schools, although the charter schools must be approved by their local Board of Education and are not exempt from state laws on education, including collective bargaining laws.

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Maryland has several historic and renowned private colleges and universities, the most prominent of which is Johns Hopkins University, founded in 1876 with a grant from Baltimore entrepreneur Johns Hopkins.

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Maryland enjoys considerable historical repute for the talented sports players of its past, including Cal Ripken Jr.

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Maryland is home to one of the three races in horse racing's annual Triple Crown, the Preakness Stakes, which is run every spring at Pimlico Race Course in Baltimore.

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Maryland is the first state with an official state exercise.

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Maryland has relationships with many provinces, states, and other entities worldwide.

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