74 Facts About President Abraham Lincoln

1. President Abraham Lincoln has often been portrayed by Hollywood, almost always in a flattering light.

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2. President Abraham Lincoln was viewed by abolitionists as a champion for human liberty.

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3. President Abraham Lincoln wrote at this time that God "could have either saved or destroyed the Union without a human contest.

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4. President Abraham Lincoln was private about his beliefs and respected the beliefs of others.

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5. President Abraham Lincoln appointed no judges to the United States circuit courts during his time in office.

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6. President Abraham Lincoln appointed 32 federal judges, including four Associate Justices and one Chief Justice to the Supreme Court of the United States, and 27 judges to the United States district courts.

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7. President Abraham Lincoln believed Chase was an able jurist, would support Reconstruction legislation, and that his appointment united the Republican Party.

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8. In June 1864, President Abraham Lincoln approved the Yosemite Grant enacted by Congress, which provided unprecedented federal protection for the area now known as Yosemite National Park.

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9. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln declared the final Thursday in November of that year to be a day of Thanksgiving.

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10. President Abraham Lincoln is largely responsible for the institution of the Thanksgiving holiday in the United States.

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11. President Abraham Lincoln presided over the expansion of the federal government's economic influence in several other areas.

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12. President Abraham Lincoln signed the Homestead Act in 1862, making millions of acres of government-held land in the West available for purchase at very low cost.

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13. President Abraham Lincoln vetoed only four bills passed by Congress; the only important one was the Wade-Davis Bill with its harsh program of Reconstruction.

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14. President Abraham Lincoln adhered to the Whig theory of the presidency, which gave Congress primary responsibility for writing the laws while the Executive enforced them.

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15. President Abraham Lincoln assumed that political control in the South would pass to white Unionists, reluctant secessionists, and forward-looking former Confederates.

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16. President Abraham Lincoln believed, as most Republicans did in April 1865, that the voting requirements should be determined by the states.

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17. President Abraham Lincoln had long made clear his opposition to the confiscation and redistribution of land.

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18. President Abraham Lincoln signed into law Senator Charles Sumner's Freedmen's Bureau bill that set up a temporary federal agency designed to meet the immediate material needs of former slaves.

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19. President Abraham Lincoln declared that such an amendment would "clinch the whole matter".

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20. When President Abraham Lincoln vetoed the bill, the Radicals retaliated by refusing to seat representatives elected from Louisiana, Arkansas, and Tennessee.

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21. On March 4, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln delivered his second inaugural address.

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22. President Abraham Lincoln provided Grant with more troops and mobilized his party to renew its support of Grant in the war effort.

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23. President Abraham Lincoln refused to allow any negotiation with the Confederacy as a coequal; his sole objective was an agreement to end the fighting and the meetings produced no results.

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24. President Abraham Lincoln authorized Grant to target the Confederate infrastructure—such as plantations, railroads, and bridges—hoping to destroy the South's morale and weaken its economic ability to continue fighting.

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25. President Abraham Lincoln obtained Congress's consent to reinstate for Grant the rank of Lieutenant General, which no officer had held since George Washington.

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26. President Abraham Lincoln concluded that the Civil War had a profound objective: a new birth of freedom in the nation.

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27. President Abraham Lincoln defined the war as an effort dedicated to these principles of liberty and equality for all.

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28. President Abraham Lincoln commented favorably on colonization in the Emancipation Proclamation, but all attempts at such a massive undertaking failed.

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29. In that month, President Abraham Lincoln discussed a draft of the Emancipation Proclamation with his cabinet.

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30. President Abraham Lincoln felt such action could only be taken by the Commander-in-Chief using war powers granted to the president by the Constitution, and Lincoln was planning to take that action.

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31. President Abraham Lincoln believed that curtailing slavery in these ways would economically expunge it, as envisioned by the Founding Fathers, under the constitution.

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32. President Abraham Lincoln understood that the Federal government's power to end slavery was limited by the Constitution, which before 1865, committed the issue to individual states.

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33. President Abraham Lincoln ignored Lincoln's order to divide his troops, and possibly force Lee to do the same in Harper's Ferry, and tendered his resignation, which Lincoln accepted.

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34. President Abraham Lincoln brought in Joseph Hooker, despite his record of loose talk about the need for a military dictatorship.

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35. President Abraham Lincoln closely reviewed the dispatches and interrogated naval officers during their clash in the Battle of Hampton Roads.

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36. President Abraham Lincoln removed McClellan as general-in-chief in March 1862, after McClellan's "Harrison's Landing Letter", in which he offered unsolicited political advice to Lincoln urging caution in the war effort.

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37. President Abraham Lincoln insisted on holding some of McClellan's troops in defense of the capital; McClellan, who consistently overestimated the strength of Confederate troops, blamed this decision for the ultimate failure of the Peninsula Campaign.

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38. President Abraham Lincoln learned from reading the theoretical book of his chief of staff General Henry Halleck, a disciple of the European strategist Jomini; he began to appreciate the critical need to control strategic points, such as the Mississippi River.

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39. In terms of war strategy, President Abraham Lincoln articulated two priorities: to ensure that Washington was well-defended, and to conduct an aggressive war effort that would satisfy the demand in the North for prompt, decisive victory; major Northern newspaper editors expected victory within 90 days.

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40. President Abraham Lincoln left most diplomatic matters to his Secretary of State, William Seward.

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41. President Abraham Lincoln believed that Fremont's emancipation was political, neither militarily necessary nor legal.

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42. President Abraham Lincoln was supported by Congress and the northern public for these actions.

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43. President Abraham Lincoln expanded his war powers, and imposed a blockade on all the Confederate shipping ports, disbursed funds before appropriation by Congress, and after suspending habeas corpus, arrested and imprisoned thousands of suspected Confederate sympathizers.

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44. President Abraham Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus in areas the army felt it needed to secure for troops to reach Washington.

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45. President Abraham Lincoln ended his address with an appeal to the people of the South: "We are not enemies, but friends.

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46. President Abraham Lincoln received 1,866,452 votes, Douglas 1,376,957 votes, Breckinridge 849,781 votes, and Bell 588,789 votes.

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47. President Abraham Lincoln was the first president from the Republican Party.

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48. On November 6, 1860, President Abraham Lincoln was elected the 16th president of the United States, beating Douglas, Breckinridge, and Bell.

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49. President Abraham Lincoln insisted the moral foundation of the Republicans required opposition to slavery, and rejected any "groping for some middle ground between the right and the wrong".

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50. President Abraham Lincoln stated Douglas' popular sovereignty theory was a threat to the nation's morality and that Douglas represented a conspiracy to extend slavery to free states.

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51. President Abraham Lincoln gave the final speech of the convention, in which he endorsed the party platform and called for the preservation of the Union.

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52. President Abraham Lincoln still hoped to rejuvenate the ailing Whig Party, though he bemoaned his party's growing closeness with the nativist Know Nothing movement.

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53. President Abraham Lincoln appeared before the Illinois Supreme Court in 175 cases, in 51 as sole counsel, of which 31 were decided in his favor.

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54. The idea was never commercialized, but President Abraham Lincoln is the only president to hold a patent.

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55. President Abraham Lincoln emphasized his opposition to Polk by drafting and introducing his Spot Resolutions.

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56. President Abraham Lincoln abandoned the bill when it failed to garner sufficient Whig supporters.

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57. President Abraham Lincoln was the only Whig in the Illinois delegation, but he showed his party loyalty by participating in almost all votes and making speeches that echoed the party line.

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58. President Abraham Lincoln was indeed elected to the House of Representatives in 1846, where he served one two-year term.

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59. President Abraham Lincoln hoped that this arrangement would lead to his nomination in 1846.

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60. President Abraham Lincoln was known for his "free soil" stance of opposing both slavery and abolitionism.

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61. President Abraham Lincoln partnered with Stephen T Logan from 1841 until 1844.

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62. President Abraham Lincoln finished eighth out of 13 candidates, though he received 277 of the 300 votes cast in the New Salem precinct.

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63. President Abraham Lincoln advocated navigational improvements on the Sangamon River.

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64. President Abraham Lincoln "was remarkably fond of children", and the Lincolns were not considered to be strict with their own.

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65. President Abraham Lincoln was an affectionate, though often absent, husband and father of four children.

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66. President Abraham Lincoln's died at the age of 22 on August 25, 1835, most likely of typhoid fever.

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67. President Abraham Lincoln attained a reputation for brawn and audacity after a very competitive wrestling match with the renowned leader of a group of ruffians known as "the Clary's Grove boys".

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68. President Abraham Lincoln became very close to his stepmother, whom he referred to as "Mother".

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69. President Abraham Lincoln was a descendant of Samuel Lincoln, an Englishman who migrated from Hingham, Norfolk, to its namesake of Hingham, Massachusetts, in 1638.

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70. President Abraham Lincoln made major decisions on Union war strategy, including a naval blockade that shut down the South's trade.

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71. President Abraham Lincoln suspended habeas corpus, and he averted British intervention by defusing the Trent Affair.

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72. President Abraham Lincoln fought back by pitting his opponents against each other, by carefully distributed political patronage and by appealing to the American people with his powers of oratory.

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73. President Abraham Lincoln gained national attention in 1858 debating a top national Democratic leader Stephen A Douglas.

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74. President Abraham Lincoln was a leader in building in the West the new Republican Party from Whigs and anti-slavery Democrats.

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