36 Facts About Hartford


Hartford is the capital city of the US state of Connecticut.

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Census estimates since the 2010 United States census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut with a 2020 population of 121,054, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, and Stamford.

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Hartford was founded in 1635 and is among the oldest cities in the United States.

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Hartford was the richest city in the United States for several decades following the American Civil War.

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Hartford's daughter Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin; her brother Henry Ward Beecher was a noted clergyman who vehemently opposed slavery and supported the temperance movement and women's suffrage.

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In 1860, Hartford was the site of the first "Wide Awakes", abolitionist supporters of Abraham Lincoln.

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Hartford was a major manufacturing city from the 19th century until the mid-20th century.

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Hartford wanted to contract out his first order so he approached George Fairfield of Weed Sewing Machine Company, who produced Pope's first run of bicycles in 1878.

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On July 6,1944, Hartford was the scene of one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States.

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In 1997, the city lost its professional hockey franchise, with the Hartford Whalers moving to Raleigh, North Carolina—despite an increase in season ticket sales and an offer from the state for a new arena.

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Hartford experienced problems as the population shrank 11 percent during the 1990s.

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In 1987, Carrie Saxon Perry was elected mayor of Hartford, becoming the first female African-American mayor of a major American city.

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Hartford has a vibrant theater scene with major Broadway productions at the Bushnell Theater as well as performances at the Hartford Stage and TheaterWorks.

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Park River originally divided Hartford into northern and southern sections and was a major part of Bushnell Park, but the river was nearly completely enclosed and buried by flood control projects in the 1940s.

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Hartford saw extensive damage from the 1938 New England Hurricane, as well as with Hurricane Irene in 2011.

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Hartford is a center for medical care, research, and education.

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Insurance giant Aetna had its headquarters in Hartford before announcing a relocation to New York City in July 2017.

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Hartford has continued to attract technology companies including CGI Inc, Covr Financial Technologies, GalaxE.

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Local unemployment remains high in Hartford compared to other cities, the state, and the US Of the four major cities in Connecticut, Hartford's unemployment rate of 7.

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Hartford's cuisine was shaped by its early settlers, who brought Dutch and English influence which combined with that of the Saukiog Native Americans in the area.

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Hartford earned praise from Food and Wine as "a foodie destination".

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Hartford is home to a USL team, Hartford Athletic, which was founded in 2019 and currently plays in the 5,500-seat Dillon Stadium.

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Hartford is home to another semi-pro soccer team, Hartford City FC, which currently plays in the NPSL.

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Hartford became the home of the WHA's New England Whalers in 1975 after the club moved from Boston, one of four WHA teams that joined the NHL in 1979.

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Hartford was home to the Hartford Hellions of the Major Indoor Soccer League.

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Hartford voted in favor of restoring a mayor-council system in 2003, more than 50 years after establishing the council-manager form.

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Hartford passed an ordinance providing services to all residents regardless of their immigration in 2008.

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In 2016, the ordinance was amended to declare that Hartford is a "Sanctuary city", although the term itself does not have an established legal meaning.

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Hartford is a predominantly Democratic city and has voted for every presidential candidate in the party since Al Smith in 1928.

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Hartford is home to Watkinson School, a private coeducational day school, and Grace S Webb School, a special education school.

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Several radio stations are based in Hartford, including WDRC, WDRC, WHCN, WJMJ, WPOP, WTIC, WTIC, and WPKT.

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Hartford's Downtown Area Shuttle bus route is a free downtown circulator.

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Some of America's most famous authors lived in Hartford, including Mark Twain, who moved to the city in 1874.

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Actors and others in the entertainment business from Hartford include Katharine Hepburn, Thomas Ian Griffith, Gary Merrill, Linda Evans, Eriq La Salle, Diane Venora, William Gillette, Grace Carney, and Charles Nelson Reilly, and TV producer and writer Norman Lear.

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Hartford was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the breakthrough discovery of genetic transposition.

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Hartford is the only woman to receive an unshared Nobel Prize in the Medicine category.

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