101 Facts About Theodore Roosevelt

1. In 1905, without congressional approval, Theodore Roosevelt forced the Dominican Republic to install an American "economic advisor", who was in reality the country's financial director.

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2. Theodore Roosevelt characterized his actions as striving toward a "Square Deal" between capital and labour, and those words became his campaign slogan in the 1904 election.

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3. Theodore Roosevelt named this property Elkhorn Ranch after finding the skulls of two elk with their antlers entangled on the site.

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4. Theodore Roosevelt used his executive power to further his passion for conservationism.

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5. Theodore Roosevelt was born on October 27, 1858, into a wealthy family in New York City.

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6. Theodore Roosevelt spoke both from conviction and in hopes of attracting votes from reform-minded Democrats.

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7. Theodore Roosevelt showed the soft-spoken, sophisticated side of his diplomacy in dealing with major powers outside the Western Hemisphere.

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8. In 1905, without congressional approval, Theodore Roosevelt forced the Dominican Republic to install an American "economic advisor", who was in reality the country's financial director.

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9. Theodore Roosevelt characterized his actions as striving toward a "Square Deal" between capital and labour, and those words became his campaign slogan in the 1904 election.

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10. Theodore Roosevelt was blind in one eye after a boxing injury in the White House.

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11. Theodore Roosevelt had become focused on local politics and lost interest in a legal career.

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12. Theodore Roosevelt settled a dispute between France and Germany over the division of Morocco.

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13. Theodore Roosevelt was the first President to win a Nobel Peace Prize.

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14. Theodore Roosevelt agreed because he was thinking of running for President in 1904.

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15. Theodore Roosevelt was one of most dynamic Presidents in White House history, and on the occasion of his birthday, here are 10 fascinating facts about the 26th President.

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16. Theodore Roosevelt died in his sleep on January 6, 1919, at his Long Island estate, Sagamore Hill, after suffering a coronary embolism.

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17. Theodore Roosevelt lost to Woodrow Wilson in the 1912 election, in a rather close popular vote.

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18. Theodore Roosevelt believed that if Japan had devastated Russia, it would lead to an imbalance of power in the Pacific, one that the United States would eventually have to realign, but at a disastrous cost.

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19. President Theodore Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for his role in negotiating the end of the Russo-Japanese War.

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20. Theodore Roosevelt vehemently lobbied President Woodrow Wilson to send him to France at the head of a 200,000-man expeditionary force.

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21. Theodore Roosevelt sailed his presidential yacht on the Potomac and Anacostia Rivers and regularly led hiking expeditions in Rock Creek Park where he would scale cliffs and use twigs and stumps for target practice with his revolver.

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22. Theodore Roosevelt promoted competitive sports and the Boy Scouts of America, founded in 1910, as the way forward.

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23. Theodore Roosevelt was cautiously optimistic about the proposed League of Nations, but had reservations about its impact on United States sovereignty.

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24. Theodore Roosevelt declined a request from New York Republicans to run for another gubernatorial term, but attacked Wilson's Fourteen Points, calling instead for the unconditional surrender of Germany.

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25. Theodore Roosevelt insisted upon the participation of the United States as one of the "joint guarantors.

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26. Theodore Roosevelt respected Wilson, but the two differed on various issues; Wilson opposed any federal intervention regarding women's suffrage or child labor, and attacked Roosevelt's tolerance of large businesses.

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27. Theodore Roosevelt spoke for 90 minutes before completing his speech and accepting medical attention.

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28. Theodore Roosevelt wrote a detailed account of the safari in the book African Game Trails, recounting the excitement of the chase, the people he met, and the flora and fauna he collected in the name of science.

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29. Theodore Roosevelt branded Haskell's allegation as "a lie, pure and simple" and obtained a denial from Treasury Secretary Shaw that Roosevelt had neither coerced Shaw nor overruled him.

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30. Theodore Roosevelt said Roosevelt overruled his Secretary of Interior Ethan A Hitchcock and granted a pipeline franchise to run through the Osage lands to the Prairie Oil and Gas Company.

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31. Theodore Roosevelt attempted to manage the press's release of White House statements by forming the Ananias Club.

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32. Theodore Roosevelt established the first 51 bird reserves, four game preserves, and 150 National Forests.

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33. Theodore Roosevelt was forced to rescind the latter after substantial ridicule from the press and a resolution of protest from the House of Representatives.

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34. Theodore Roosevelt successfully appealed to the public to pressure Congress, and Congress overwhelmingly voted to pass Roosevelt's version of the bill.

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35. Theodore Roosevelt brought 44 antitrust suits, breaking up the Northern Securities Company, the largest railroad monopoly; and regulating Standard Oil, the largest oil and refinery company.

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36. Theodore Roosevelt attended the 1900 Republican National Convention as a state delegate and struck a bargain with Platt: Roosevelt would accept the nomination if the convention offered it to him, but would otherwise serve another term as governor.

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37. Theodore Roosevelt was exposed to the problems of trusts, monopolies, labor relations, and conservation.

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38. Theodore Roosevelt made a concerted effort to uniformly enforce New York's Sunday closing law; in this, he ran up against boss Tom Platt as well as Tammany Hall—he was notified that the Police Commission was being legislated out of existence.

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39. Theodore Roosevelt retreated to the Dakotas for a time; his wife Edith regretted her role in the decision and vowed that there would be no repeat of it.

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40. Theodore Roosevelt successfully led efforts to organize ranchers to address problems of overgrazing and other shared concerns; his work resulted in the formation of the Little Missouri Stockmen's Association.

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41. Theodore Roosevelt bragged about his one small success: "We achieved a victory in getting up a combination to beat the Blaine nominee for temporary chairman.

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42. Theodore Roosevelt assumed custody of his daughter when she was three.

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43. Theodore Roosevelt incorporated Mahan's ideas into his views on naval strategy for the remainder of his career.

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44. Theodore Roosevelt would not tolerate in us children selfishness or cruelty, idleness, cowardice, or untruthfulness.

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45. Theodore Roosevelt combined strength and courage with gentleness, tenderness, and great unselfishness.

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46. Theodore Roosevelt failed, walked out and founded a third party, the Progressive, so-called "Bull Moose" Party, which called for wide-ranging progressive reforms.

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47. Theodore Roosevelt expanded the Navy and sent the Great White Fleet on a world tour to project the United States' naval power around the globe.

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48. Theodore Roosevelt expresses to Secretary of the Navy George von Lengerke Meyer how greatly relieved he is to never have to make another speaking tour.

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49. Theodore Roosevelt looks forward to seeing him whenever he visits New York.

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50. Theodore Roosevelt is pleased about the success of Lewis' book, Democracy's High School.

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51. Theodore Roosevelt addresses President Wilson's handling of the war in Europe.

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52. Theodore Roosevelt declared: "Of all the questions which can come before this nation… there is none which compares in importance.

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53. Theodore Roosevelt got when he arrived by train to Syracuse on Oct 27, 1898.

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54. Theodore Roosevelt has been portrayed in films and television series such as Brighty of the Grand Canyon, The Wind and the Lion, Rough Riders, My Friend Flicka, and Law of the Plainsman.

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55. In his last two years as president, Theodore Roosevelt became increasingly distrustful of big business, despite its close ties to the Republican Party.

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56. Theodore Roosevelt publicly encouraged church attendance, and was a conscientious churchgoer himself.

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57. Along with Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt was the most well-read of all American presidents.

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58. Theodore Roosevelt was an enthusiastic singlestick player and, according to Harper's Weekly, showed up at a White House reception with his arm bandaged after a bout with General Leonard Wood in 1905.

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59. Theodore Roosevelt had a lifelong interest in pursuing what he called, in an 1899 speech, "The Strenuous Life".

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60. As an editor of Outlook magazine, Theodore Roosevelt had weekly access to a large, educated national audience.

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61. On the night of January 5, 1919, Theodore Roosevelt suffered breathing problems.

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62. Theodore Roosevelt never forgave Wilson, and quickly published The Foes of Our Own Household, an indictment of the sitting president.

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63. In 1916, while campaigning for Hughes, Theodore Roosevelt repeatedly denounced Irish-Americans and German-Americans whom he described as unpatriotic, saying they put the interests of Ireland and Germany ahead of America's by supporting neutrality.

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64. Theodore Roosevelt angrily denounced the foreign policy of President Wilson, calling it a failure regarding the atrocities in Belgium and the violations of American rights.

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65. Theodore Roosevelt made several campaign appearances for the Progressives, but the 1914 elections were a disaster for the fledgling third party.

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66. In February 1912, Theodore Roosevelt announced in Boston, "I will accept the nomination for president if it is tendered to me.

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67. Theodore Roosevelt began to envision himself as the savior of the Republican Party from defeat in the upcoming presidential election.

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68. In August 1910, Theodore Roosevelt gave notable speech at Osawatomie, Kansas, which was the most radical of his career and initiated his public break with the Taft administration and the conservative Republicans.

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69. Theodore Roosevelt was further alienated when Taft, intent on becoming his own man, did not consult him about cabinet appointments.

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70. Theodore Roosevelt had attempted to refashion Taft into a younger version of himself, but as soon as Taft began to display his individuality, the former president expressed his disenchantment.

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71. Theodore Roosevelt strongly denied Parker's charge and responded that he would "go into the Presidency unhampered by any pledge, promise, or understanding of any kind, sort, or description.

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72. Theodore Roosevelt received criticism for paying the bankrupt Panama Canal Company and the New Panama Canal Company $40,000,000 for the rights and equipment to build the canal.

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73. Theodore Roosevelt convinced Congress to approve the Panamanian alternative, and a treaty was approved, only to be rejected by the Colombian government.

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74. Theodore Roosevelt was particularly concerned with the motives of Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm.

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75. Theodore Roosevelt played a major role in mediating the First Moroccan Crisis by calling the Algeciras Conference, which averted war between France and Germany.

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76. Theodore Roosevelt won the Nobel Peace Prize for his successful efforts in bringing about the Treaty of Portsmouth.

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77. In 1905, Theodore Roosevelt offered to mediate a treaty to end the Russo-Japanese War.

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78. Theodore Roosevelt increased the size of the navy, and by the end of his second term the United States had more battleships than any other country besides Britain.

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79. In the late 1890s, Theodore Roosevelt had been an ardent imperialist, and he vigorously defended the permanent acquisition of the Philippines in the 1900 election campaign.

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80. In total, Theodore Roosevelt used executive orders to establish 121 forest reserves in 31 states.

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81. Theodore Roosevelt extensively used executive orders on a number of occasions to protect forest and wildlife lands during his tenure as President.

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82. Theodore Roosevelt worked closely with Interior Secretary James Rudolph Garfield and Chief of the United States Forest Service Gifford Pinchot to enact a series of conservation programs that often met with resistance from Western members of Congress such as Charles William Fulton.

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83. Theodore Roosevelt served as honorary president of the American School Hygiene Association from 1907 to 1908, and in 1909 he convened the first White House Conference on the Care of Dependent Children.

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84. Theodore Roosevelt responded to public anger over the abuses in the food packing industry by pushing Congress to pass the Meat Inspection Act of 1906 and the Pure Food and Drug Act.

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85. Theodore Roosevelt worked with the Democratic Senator Benjamin Tillman to pass the bill.

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86. In the 1906 Hepburn Act, Theodore Roosevelt sought to give the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to regulate rates, but the Senate, led by conservative Nelson Aldrich fought back.

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87. Theodore Roosevelt reacted with astonishment and protest, saying that he looked forward to many future dinners with Washington.

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88. Theodore Roosevelt assured party leaders that he intended to adhere to McKinley's policies, and he retained McKinley's Cabinet.

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89. Theodore Roosevelt was vacationing in Vermont, and traveled to Buffalo to visit McKinley in the hospital.

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90. Theodore Roosevelt countered that it was best for the Filipinos to have stability and the Americans to have a proud place in the world.

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91. Theodore Roosevelt proved highly energetic and an equal match for Democratic presidential nominee William Jennings Bryan's famous barnstorming style of campaigning.

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92. Theodore Roosevelt had no interest in challenging McKinley for the Republican nomination in 1900, and was denied his preferred post of Secretary of War.

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93. Theodore Roosevelt successfully pushed the Ford Franchise-Tax bill, which taxed public franchises granted by the state and controlled by corporations, declaring that "a corporation which derives its powers from the State, should pay to the State a just percentage of its earnings as a return for the privileges it enjoys".

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94. In 2001, Theodore Roosevelt was posthumously awarded the Medal of Honor for his actions; he had been nominated during the war, but Army officials, annoyed at his grabbing the headlines, blocked it.

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95. Theodore Roosevelt always recalled the Battle of Kettle Hill as "the great day of my life" and "my crowded hour".

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96. Theodore Roosevelt was promoted to colonel and took command of the regiment when Wood was put in command of the brigade.

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97. Theodore Roosevelt began pressing his national security views regarding the Pacific and the Caribbean on McKinley, and was particularly adamant that Spain be ejected from Cuba.

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98. In the 1896 presidential election, Theodore Roosevelt backed Speaker of the House Thomas Brackett Reed for the Republican nomination, but William McKinley won the nomination and defeated William Jennings Bryan in the general election.

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99. Theodore Roosevelt chose to defer rather than split with his party.

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100. Theodore Roosevelt became president of the board of commissioners and radically reformed the police force.

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101. Theodore Roosevelt accepted the nomination despite having little hope of winning the race against United Labor Party candidate Henry George and Democratic candidate Abram Hewitt.

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