101 Facts About Thomas Jefferson

1. Thomas Jefferson began his presidency with a plea for reconciliation: "We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.

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2. Thomas Jefferson begins to correspond with his carpenter, the enslaved John Hemmings, as Hemmings undertakes maintenance and construction work at Poplar Forest.

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3. Thomas Jefferson opted to send what was then known as the annual message to Congress in written form.

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4. Thomas Jefferson referred to the university's grounds as the "Academical Village", and he reflected his educational ideas in its layout.

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5. Thomas Jefferson wanted the land but did not feel that the Constitution gave him the authority to buy it.

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6. Thomas Jefferson opposed this, and the conflict helped lead to his resignation as Secretary of State.

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7. Thomas Jefferson was sent to the Second Continental Congress as a representative of Virginia.

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8. Thomas Jefferson married the widow Martha Wayles Skelton when he was 29.

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9. Thomas Jefferson was a wonderful student and gifted learner from a young age.

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10. Thomas Jefferson initially regarded the assembly as a French version of the Constitutional Convention, then meeting in Philadelphia.

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11. Thomas Jefferson raised two sons, of whom Thomas Jefferson was the eldest, and six daughters.

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12. Thomas Jefferson began his presidency with a plea for reconciliation: "We are all Republicans, we are all Federalists.

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13. Thomas Jefferson loved stargazing almost as much as he liked books.

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14. Thomas Jefferson practiced what he taught: He was one of the first American farmers to employ crop rotation and redesigned the plow to make it more efficient.

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15. Thomas Jefferson was deeply engaged in economic theory, which he learned to love during his time in France.

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16. Thomas Jefferson needed the cash to pay off debts, but he started buying more books.

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17. Thomas Jefferson is best known for his role in writing the Declaration of Independence, his foreign service, his two terms as president, and his omnipresent face on the modern nickel.

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18. Thomas Jefferson is celebrating another birthday today, and we have 10 interesting facts about the versatile Founding Father.

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19. Thomas Jefferson loved to play with his grandchildren, teaching them how to play chess and a game called Goose.

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20. At the age of 33, Thomas Jefferson was one of the youngest delegates to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia.

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21. Thomas Jefferson was a Virginia lawyer who was a delegate to the Continental Congress, the writer of the Declaration of Independence, a governor of Virginia, ambassador to France and Secretary of State under President George Washington.

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22. Thomas Jefferson is buried in the family cemetery at Monticello, in a grave marked by a plain gray tombstone.

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23. Thomas Jefferson kept up an outpouring of correspondence at the end of his life.

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24. Thomas Jefferson was one of the earliest and most fervent supporters of the cause of American independence from Great Britain.

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25. Thomas Jefferson put an end to the centuries-old problem of Barbary pirates disrupting American shipping in the Mediterranean by forcing the pirates to capitulate by deploying new American warships.

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26. Thomas Jefferson died in bed at Monticello on July 4, 1826.

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27. Thomas Jefferson became a symbol of American democracy in the incipient Cold War, and the 1940s and 1950s saw the zenith of his popular reputation.

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28. Thomas Jefferson invented many small practical devices and improved contemporary inventions, including a revolving book-stand and a "Great Clock" powered by the gravitational pull on cannonballs.

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29. Thomas Jefferson collected and understood a number of American Indian vocabularies and instructed Lewis and Clark to record and collect various Indian languages during their Expedition.

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30. Thomas Jefferson introduced Meriwether Lewis to the society, where various scientists tutored him in preparation for the Lewis and Clark Expedition.

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31. Thomas Jefferson believed in a creator god, an afterlife, and the sum of religion as loving God and neighbors.

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32. Thomas Jefferson thought Americans would rationally create "Apiarian" religion, extracting the best traditions of every denomination.

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33. Thomas Jefferson titled the work The Life and Morals of Jesus of Nazareth, known today as the Jefferson Bible.

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34. Thomas Jefferson sought a "general suffrage" of all taxpayers and militia-men, and equal representation by population in the General Assembly to correct preferential treatment of the slave-holding regions.

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35. Thomas Jefferson was less suspicious of a working democracy than many contemporaries.

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36. Thomas Jefferson supported efforts to disestablish the Church of England wrote the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, and he pressed for a wall of separation between church and state.

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37. Thomas Jefferson was influenced by the writings of Gibbon, Hume, Robertson, Bolingbroke, Montesquieu, and Voltaire.

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38. Thomas Jefferson subscribed to the political ideals expounded by John Locke, Francis Bacon, and Isaac Newton, whom he considered the three greatest men who ever lived.

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39. Thomas Jefferson related that his ancestors came from Wales to America in the early 17th century and settled in the western frontier of the Virginia colony, which influenced his zeal for individual and state rights.

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40. Thomas Jefferson referred to the university's grounds as the "Academical Village", and he reflected his educational ideas in its layout.

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41. Thomas Jefferson organized the state legislative campaign for its charter and, with the assistance of Edmund Bacon, purchased the location.

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42. Thomas Jefferson initially proposed his University in a letter to Joseph Priestley in 1800 and, in 1819, the 76-year-old Jefferson founded the University of Virginia.

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43. Thomas Jefferson continued to correspond with many of the country's leaders, and the Monroe Doctrine bears a strong resemblance to solicited advice that Jefferson gave to Monroe in 1823.

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44. Thomas Jefferson turned his attention increasingly to Monticello during the last year of his presidency, giving Madison and Gallatin almost total control of affairs.

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45. Thomas Jefferson issued a proclamation banning armed British ships from US waters.

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46. Thomas Jefferson suspected Burr of seeking the presidency for himself, while Burr was angered by Jefferson's refusal to appoint some of his supporters to federal office.

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47. Thomas Jefferson felt that the worst outcome of the cultural and resources conflict between American citizens and American Indians would be their attacking the whites.

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48. Thomas Jefferson refuted the contemporary notion that Indians were an inferior people and maintained that they were equal in body and mind to people of European descent.

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49. Thomas Jefferson sought to establish a US claim ahead of competing European interests and to find the rumored Northwest Passage.

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50. Thomas Jefferson believed that a period of federal rule would be necessary while Louisianians adjusted to their new nation.

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51. Thomas Jefferson pardoned several of those imprisoned under the Alien and Sedition Acts.

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52. Thomas Jefferson began dismantling Hamilton's Federalist fiscal system with help from Secretary of Treasury Albert Gallatin.

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53. Thomas Jefferson said that a free and democratic government was "the strongest government on earth.

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54. Thomas Jefferson encouraged France to invade England, and advised Letombe to stall any American envoys sent to Paris by instructing him to "listen to them and then drag out the negotiations at length and mollify them by the urbanity of the proceedings.

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55. Thomas Jefferson was in Paris during the storming of the Bastille and consulted with Lafayette while the latter drafted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen.

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56. Thomas Jefferson advised formation of the Committee of the States to fill the power vacuum when Congress was in recess.

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57. Thomas Jefferson wrote of his views on the American Indian and considered them as equals in body and mind to European settlers.

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58. Thomas Jefferson compiled the book over five years, including reviews of scientific knowledge, Virginia's history, politics, laws, culture, and geography.

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59. Thomas Jefferson transferred the state capital from Williamsburg to Richmond, and introduced measures for public education, religious freedom, and revision of inheritance laws.

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60. Thomas Jefferson took the lead in abolishing what he called "feudal and unnatural distinctions.

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61. Thomas Jefferson had become alarmed that Virginia's powerful landed gentry were becoming a hereditary aristocracy.

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62. Thomas Jefferson drafted 126 bills in three years, including laws to streamline the judicial system.

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63. Thomas Jefferson resented the changes, but he did not speak publicly about the revisions.

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64. Thomas Jefferson sought out John Adams, an emerging leader of the Congress.

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65. Thomas Jefferson was inspired by the Enlightenment ideals of the sanctity of the individual, as well as by the writings of Locke and Montesquieu.

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66. Thomas Jefferson persuaded his cousin Richard Bland to spearhead the legislation's passage, but reaction was strongly negative.

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67. Thomas Jefferson introduced legislation in 1769 allowing masters to take control over the emancipation of slaves, taking discretion away from the royal governor and General Court.

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68. Thomas Jefferson read a wide variety of English classics and political works.

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69. Thomas Jefferson read the law under Professor Wythe's tutelage to obtain his law license, while working as a law clerk in his office.

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70. Thomas Jefferson was taught from 1758 to 1760 by Reverend James Maury near Gordonsville, Virginia, where he studied history, science, and the classics while boarding with Maury's family.

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71. Thomas Jefferson assumed full authority over his property at age 21.

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72. Thomas Jefferson inherited approximately 5,000 acres of land, including Monticello.

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73. Thomas Jefferson was of English, and possibly Welsh, descent and was born a British subject.

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74. Thomas Jefferson was a prolific letter writer and corresponded with many prominent people.

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75. Thomas Jefferson organized the Louisiana Purchase, almost doubling the country's territory.

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76. Thomas Jefferson had tolerated while he didn't accept others who owned slaves.

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77. Thomas Jefferson enters into international partnership to create dual medical degree program.

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78. Thomas Jefferson grabbed 12 rebounds in just 23 minutes of work Justin Patton and Khyri Thomas (Detroit Pistons) are all in the league.

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79. Thomas Jefferson was not having it and the command came to take a North African city.

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80. Thomas Jefferson stated, "Liberty depends on the freedom of the press and that cannot be limited without being lost.

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81. Thomas Jefferson has been memorialized with buildings, sculptures, postage, and currency.

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82. Thomas Jefferson became a symbol of American democracy in the incipient Cold War, and the 1940s and '50s saw the zenith of his popular reputation.

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83. Thomas Jefferson is an icon of individual liberty, democracy, and republicanism, hailed as the author of the Declaration of Independence, an architect of the American Revolution, and a renaissance man who promoted science and scholarship.

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84. Thomas Jefferson can be credited as the creator of the swivel chair, the first of which he created and used to write much of the Declaration of Independence.

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85. Thomas Jefferson had a lifelong interest in linguistics, and could speak, read, and write in a number of languages, including French, Greek, Italian, and German.

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86. Thomas Jefferson served as APS president for the next eighteen years, including through both terms of his presidency.

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87. Thomas Jefferson was a member of the American Philosophical Society for 35 years, beginning in 1780.

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88. In the field of architecture, Thomas Jefferson helped popularize the Neo-Palladian style in the United States utilizing designs for the Virginia State Capitol, the University of Virginia, Monticello, and others.

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89. Thomas Jefferson donated to the American Bible Society, saying the Four Evangelists delivered a "pure and sublime system of morality" to humanity.

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90. Early in 1802, Thomas Jefferson wrote to the Danbury Connecticut Baptist Association, "that religion is a matter which lies solely between Man and his God.

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91. Thomas Jefferson compiled Jesus' biblical teachings, omitting miraculous or supernatural references.

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92. At the onset of the Revolution, Thomas Jefferson accepted William Blackstone's argument that property ownership would sufficiently empower voters' independent judgement, but he sought to further expand suffrage by land distribution to the poor.

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93. Thomas Jefferson was steeped in the British Whig tradition of the oppressed majority set against a repeatedly unresponsive court party in the Parliament.

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94. Thomas Jefferson thought that the independent yeoman and agrarian life were ideals of republican virtues.

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95. Thomas Jefferson had someone else read a speech he had prepared for Lafayette, as his voice was weak and could not carry.

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96. Thomas Jefferson described his father as uneducated, but with a "strong mind and sound judgement".

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97. Thomas Jefferson referred to the university's grounds as the "Academical Village", and he reflected his educational ideas in its layout.

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98. Thomas Jefferson was a strong disciple of Greek and Roman architectural styles, which he believed to be most representative of American democracy.

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99. In December 1807, Thomas Jefferson announced his intention not to seek a third term.

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100. Instead of retreating, Thomas Jefferson sent federal agents to secretly track down smugglers and violators.

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101. Thomas Jefferson asked for and received the Embargo Act, an alternative that allowed the US more time to build up defensive works, militias, and naval forces.

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