Francis Bacon argued for the possibility of scientific knowledge based only upon inductive reasoning and careful observation of events in nature.
67 Facts About Francis Bacon
Francis Bacon believed that science could be achieved by the use of a sceptical and methodical approach whereby scientists aim to avoid misleading themselves.
Francis Bacon's portion of the method based in scepticism was a new rhetorical and theoretical framework for science, whose practical details are still central to debates on science and methodology.
Francis Bacon is famous for his role in the scientific revolution, begun during the Middle Ages, promoting scientific experimentation as a way of glorifying God and fulfilling scripture.
Francis Bacon was educated at Trinity College at the University of Cambridge, where he rigorously followed the medieval curriculum, which was presented largely in Latin.
Francis Bacon was the first recipient of the Queen's counsel designation, conferred in 1597 when Elizabeth I reserved him as her legal advisor.
Francis Bacon had no heirs and so both titles became extinct on his death of pneumonia in 1626 at the age of 65.
Francis Bacon is buried at St Michael's Church, St Albans, Hertfordshire.
Biographers believe that Francis Bacon was educated at home in his early years owing to poor health, which would plague him throughout his life.
Francis Bacon received tuition from John Walsall, a graduate of Oxford with a strong leaning toward Puritanism.
Francis Bacon's education was conducted largely in Latin and followed the medieval curriculum.
Francis Bacon's studies brought him to the belief that the methods and results of science as then practised were erroneous.
Sir Nicholas had laid up a considerable sum of money to purchase an estate for his youngest son, but he died before doing so, and Francis Bacon was left with only a fifth of that money.
Francis Bacon stated that he had three goals: to uncover truth, to serve his country, and to serve his church.
Francis Bacon sought to achieve these goals by seeking a prestigious post.
Francis Bacon showed signs of sympathy to Puritanism, attending the sermons of the Puritan chaplain of Gray's Inn and accompanying his mother to the Temple Church to hear Walter Travers.
Francis Bacon became a bencher in 1586 and was elected a Reader in 1587, delivering his first set of lectures in Lent the following year.
Francis Bacon later sat three times for Ipswich and once for Cambridge University.
Francis Bacon became known as a liberal-minded reformer, eager to amend and simplify the law.
Francis Bacon struck at the House of Lords in its usurpation of the Money Bills.
Francis Bacon advocated for the union of England and Scotland, which made him a significant influence toward the consolidation of the United Kingdom; and he later would advocate for the integration of Ireland into the Union.
Francis Bacon soon became acquainted with Robert Devereux, the 2nd Earl of Essex, Queen Elizabeth's favourite.
Likewise, Francis Bacon failed to secure the lesser office of Solicitor General in 1595, the Queen pointedly snubbing him by appointing Sir Thomas Fleming instead.
In 1597 Francis Bacon became the first Queen's Counsel designate, when Queen Elizabeth reserved him as her legal counsel.
Francis Bacon's courtship failed after she broke off their relationship upon accepting marriage to Sir Edward Coke, a further spark of enmity between the men.
Gradually, Francis Bacon earned the standing of one of the learned counsels.
Francis Bacon was a part of the legal team headed by the Attorney General Sir Edward Coke at Essex's treason trial.
Francis Bacon sought further promotion and wealth by supporting King James and his arbitrary policies.
In 1613, Francis Bacon was finally appointed attorney general, after advising the king to shuffle judicial appointments.
Francis Bacon narrowly escaped undergoing degradation, which would have stripped him of his titles of nobility.
Francis Bacon even had an interview with King James in which he assured:.
The British jurist Basil Montagu wrote in Francis Bacon's defense, concerning the episode of his public disgrace:.
Francis Bacon has been accused of servility, of dissimulation, of various base motives, and their filthy brood of base actions, all unworthy of his high birth, and incompatible with his great wisdom, and the estimation in which he was held by the noblest spirits of the age.
Francis Bacon believed that philosophy and the natural world must be studied inductively, but argued that we can only study arguments for the existence of God.
Francis Bacon held that knowledge was cumulative, that study encompassed more than a simple preservation of the past.
When he was 36, Francis Bacon courted Elizabeth Hatton, a young widow of 20.
Years later, Francis Bacon still wrote of his regret that the marriage to Hatton had not taken place.
At the age of 45, Francis Bacon married Alice Barnham, the 13-year-old daughter of a well-connected London alderman and MP.
When Francis Bacon was appointed lord chancellor, "by special Warrant of the King", Lady Francis Bacon was given precedence over all other Court ladies.
Several authors believe that, despite his marriage, Francis Bacon was primarily attracted to men.
Publicly, at least, Francis Bacon distanced himself from the idea of homosexuality.
Francis Bacon was buried in St Michael's church in St Albans.
Francis Bacon's philosophy is displayed in the vast and varied writings he left, which might be divided into three great branches:.
Francis Bacon explains how we come to this understanding and knowledge because of this process in comprehending the complexities of nature.
Francis Bacon has been reputed as the "Father of Experimental Philosophy".
Francis Bacon wrote a long treatise on Medicine, History of Life and Death, with natural and experimental observations for the prolongation of life.
In 1902 Hugo von Hofmannsthal published a fictional letter, known as The Lord Chandos Letter, addressed to Francis Bacon and dated 1603, about a writer who is experiencing a crisis of language.
Francis Bacon played a leading role in establishing the British colonies in North America, especially in Virginia, the Carolinas and Newfoundland in northeastern Canada.
Paul H Kocher writes that Bacon is considered by some jurists to be the father of modern Jurisprudence.
Francis Bacon is commemorated with a statue in Gray's Inn, South Square in London where he received his legal training, and where he was elected Treasurer of the Inn in 1608.
Francis Bacon himself was not a stranger to the torture chamber; in his various legal capacities in both Elizabeth I's and James I's reigns, Francis Bacon was listed as a commissioner on five torture warrants.
Francis Bacon developed the idea that a classification of knowledge must be universal while handling all possible resources.
The original classification proposed by Francis Bacon organised all types of knowledge into three general groups: history, poetry, and philosophy.
Francis Bacon did that based on his understanding of how information is processed: memory, imagination, and reason, respectively.
Francis Bacon's writings were the starting point for William Torrey Harris's classification system for libraries in the United States by the second half of the 1800s.
The Baconian hypothesis of Shakespearean authorship, first proposed in the mid-19th century, contends that Francis Bacon wrote some or even all of the plays conventionally attributed to William Shakespeare.
Francis Bacon often gathered with the men at Gray's Inn to discuss politics and philosophy, and to try out various theatrical scenes that he admitted writing.
Francis Bacon's alleged connection to the Rosicrucians and the Freemasons has been widely discussed by authors and scholars in many books.
However, others, including Daphne du Maurier in her biography of Francis Bacon, have argued that there is no substantive evidence to support claims of involvement with the Rosicrucians.
Frances Yates does not make the claim that Francis Bacon was a Rosicrucian, but presents evidence that he was nevertheless involved in some of the more closed intellectual movements of his day.
Francis Bacon argues that Bacon's movement for the advancement of learning was closely connected with the German Rosicrucian movement, while Bacon's New Atlantis portrays a land ruled by Rosicrucians.
Francis Bacon apparently saw his own movement for the advancement of learning to be in conformity with Rosicrucian ideals.
Francis Bacon argues that Bacon was familiar with early modern alchemical texts and that Bacon's ideas about the application of science had roots in Renaissance magical ideas about science and magic facilitating humanity's domination of nature.
Josephson-Storm rejects conspiracy theories surrounding Francis Bacon and does not make the claim that Francis Bacon was an active Rosicrucian.
Furthermore, Josephson-Storm argues that Francis Bacon drew on magical ideas when developing his experimental method.
Josephson-Storm finds evidence that Francis Bacon considered nature a living entity, populated by spirits, and argues Francis Bacon's views on the human domination and application of nature actually depend on his spiritualism and personification of nature.
The Rosicrucian organization AMORC claims that Francis Bacon was the "Imperator" of the Rosicrucian Order in both England and the European continent, and would have directed it during his lifetime.