51 Facts About James Monroe

1. James Monroe Crossing, an acclaimed bluegrass and gospel quintet global music group Ensemble Aventura and enjoys collaborating in Hudson with pianist Layton James.

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2. James Monroe Crossing, clay class and more: What's going on at The Phipps in Hudson?.

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3. James Monroe served as the fifth President of the United States of America from 1817 to 1825.

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4. James Monroe averaged 23.7 points per game in four full seasons with the franchise.

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5. James Monroe influenced the Executive Council to pardon and sell some slaves instead of hanging them.

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6. When James Monroe was Governor of Virginia in 1800, hundreds of slaves from Virginia planned to kidnap him, take Richmond, and negotiate for their freedom.

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7. James Monroe was part of the American Colonization Society, which supported the establishment of colonies outside of the United States for free African-Americans.

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8. At the convention, James Monroe made his final public statement on slavery, proposing that Virginia emancipate and deport its bondsmen with "the aid of the Union.

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9. James Monroe was raised in a family that belonged to the Church of England when it was the state church in Virginia before the Revolution.

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10. James Monroe was originally buried in New York at the Gouverneur family's vault in the New York City Marble Cemetery.

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11. On July 4, 1831, James Monroe died from heart failure and tuberculosis, thus becoming the third president to have died on Independence Day.

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12. James Monroe incurred many unliquidated debts during his years of public life.

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13. In March 1822, James Monroe officially recognized the countries of Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Chile, and Mexico, all of which had won independence from Spain.

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14. James Monroe initially refused to recognize the Latin American governments due to ongoing negotiations with Spain over Florida.

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15. James Monroe was deeply sympathetic to the Latin American revolutionary movements against Spain.

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16. In response to these Seminole attacks, James Monroe ordered a military expedition to cross into Spanish Florida and attack the Seminoles.

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17. James Monroe pursued warmer relations with Britain in the aftermath of the War of 1812.

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18. As the panic spread, James Monroe declined to call a special session of Congress to address the economy.

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19. Two years into his presidency, James Monroe faced an economic crisis known as the Panic of 1819, the first major depression to hit the country since the ratification of the Constitution in 1788.

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20. In an elaborate essay, James Monroe set forth his constitutional views on the subject.

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21. James Monroe repeatedly urged Congress to pass an amendment allowing Congress the power to finance internal improvements, but Congress never acted on his proposal, in part because many congressmen believed that the Constitution did in fact authorize the federal financing of internal improvements.

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22. James Monroe chose to retain Benjamin Crowninshield of Massachusetts as Secretary of the Navy and Richard Rush of Pennsylvania as Attorney General.

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23. James Monroe appointed a geographically-balanced cabinet, through which he led the executive branch.

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24. James Monroe largely ignored old party lines in making federal appointments, which reduced political tensions and augmented the sense of "oneness" that pervaded the United States.

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25. James Monroe received 183 of the 217 electoral votes, winning every state but Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Delaware.

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26. James Monroe had strong support from many in the party, but his candidacy was challenged at the 1816 Democratic-Republican congressional nominating caucus.

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27. James Monroe decided to seek the presidency in the 1816 election, and his war-time leadership had established him as Madison's heir apparent.

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28. James Monroe allowed Adams leeway in setting terms, so long as he ended the hostilities and preserved American neutrality.

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29. James Monroe had long worked for peace with the British, but he came to favor war with Britain, joining with "war hawks" such as Speaker of the House Henry Clay.

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30. James Monroe returned to the Virginia House of Burgesses and was elected to another term as governor in 1811, but served only four months.

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31. James Monroe won 3,400 votes in Virginia, but received little support elsewhere.

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32. Out of deference to Jefferson, James Monroe agreed to avoid actively campaigning for the presidency, but he did not rule out accepting a draft effort.

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33. On his return to Virginia in 1807, James Monroe received a warm reception, and many urged him to run in the 1808 presidential election.

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34. James Monroe was severely pained by the administration's repudiation of the treaty, and he fell out with Secretary of State James Madison.

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35. James Monroe found little success in this endeavor, partly due to Jefferson's alienation of the British minister to the United States, Anthony Merry.

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36. James Monroe would travel to Spain in 1805 to try to win the cession of West Florida, but, with the support of France, Spain refused to consider relinquishing the territory.

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37. James Monroe began to give State of the Commonwealth addresses to the legislature, in which he highlighted areas in which he believed the legislature should act.

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38. James Monroe added that interview to his notes, and sent the entire set to a friend, possibly Thomas Jefferson, for safekeeping.

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39. James Monroe resigned from Congress in 1786 to focus on his legal career, and he became an attorney for the state.

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40. James Monroe was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1782.

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41. James Monroe sold his small inherited Virginia plantation in 1783 to enter law and politics.

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42. James Monroe was admitted to the Virginia bar and practiced in Fredericksburg, Virginia.

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43. James Monroe resumed studying law under Jefferson and continued until 1783.

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44. James Monroe was assigned to the staff of General William Alexander, Lord Stirling.

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45. James Monroe became involved in the opposition to Lord Dunmore, the colonial governor of Virginia, and he took part in the storming of the Governor's Palace.

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46. At age eleven, James Monroe was enrolled in the lone school in the county.

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47. James Monroe supported the founding of colonies in Africa for freed slaves that would eventually form the nation of Liberia, whose capital, Monrovia, is named in his honor.

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48. James Monroe sought to appease the antagonisms and bridge the divisions that had marked American political life since the War of 1812, quietly using his influence as president to encourage compromises and endorsing a consensual form of American nationalism.

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49. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, James Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War.

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50. James Monroe was the last president of the Virginia dynasty, and his presidency ushered in what is known as the Era of Good Feelings.

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51. James Monroe was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fifth President of the United States from 1817 to 1825.

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