14 Facts About Colombia

1. Colombia is the third largest exporter of coffee in the world after Brazil and Vietnam.

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2. Colombia is even home to many pre-Columbian archaeological sites dating back to before there were European settlements.

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3. Colombia is the happiest country in the world according to the 2013 and the 2014 Barometer of Happiness and Hope.

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4. Colombia is the only country in South America that has coastlines on both the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea.

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5. Colombia is part of the Ring of Fire, a group of countries in the Pacific Ocean vulnerable to earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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6. In 1991, Colombia signed and ratified the current international law concerning indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, 1989.

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7. Colombia is ethnically diverse, its people descending from the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans originally brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East, all contributing to a diverse cultural heritage.

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8. Colombia is ranked third in the world in the Happy Planet Index.

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9. Colombia is one of only three economies with a perfect score on the strength of legal rights index, according to the World Bank.

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10. Government of Colombia takes place within the framework of a presidential participatory democratic republic as established in the Constitution of 1991.

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11. Colombia is a middle power and regional actor in Latin America.

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12. Colombia is among the world's 17 megadiverse countries, and the most densely biodiverse per square kilometer; its territory encompasses Amazon rainforest, tropical grassland and coastlines along both the Caribbean and Pacific.

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13. Colombia is one of the most ethnically and linguistically diverse countries in the world, with its rich cultural heritage reflecting influences by indigenous peoples, European settlement, forced African migration, immigration from Europe and the Middle East.

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14. Colombia is a unitary, constitutional republic comprising thirty-two departments, with the capital in Bogota.

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