14 Facts About US Senate

1. United States US Senate is the upper chamber of the United States Congress, with the House of Representatives being the lower chamber.

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2. Composition and powers of the US Senate are established by Article One of the United States Constitution.

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3. The US Senate is composed of senators, each of whom represents a single state in its entirety.

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4. The US Senate conducts trials of those impeached by the House.

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5. US Senate is the sole judge of a senator's qualifications.

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6. Seventeenth Amendment requires that vacancies in the US Senate be filled by special election.

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7. At one end of the chamber of the US Senate is a dais from which the presiding officer presides.

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8. The powers of the presiding officer of the US Senate are far less extensive than those of the speaker of the House.

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9. Sessions of the US Senate are opened with a special prayer or invocation and typically convene on weekdays.

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10. Debate, like most other matters governing the internal functioning of the US Senate, is governed by internal rules adopted by the US Senate.

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11. Closed sessions are rare and usually held only when the US Senate is discussing sensitive subject matter such as information critical to national security, private communications from the president, or deliberations during impeachment trials.

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12. The approximately four million Americans that have no representation in the US Senate are heavily African and Hispanic American.

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13. Recess appointments have faced a significant amount of resistance and in 1960, the US Senate passed a legally non-binding resolution against recess appointments.

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14. The trials of Johnson, Clinton and both Trump trials ended in acquittal; in Johnson's case, the US Senate fell one vote short of the two-thirds majority required for conviction.

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