101 Facts About Van Buren

1. Martin Van Buren left the Senate in 1828 and ran successfully for governor of New York, but he gave up that post after Jackson defeated Adams and made Van Buren his secretary of state.

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2. Van Buren wrote two books titled Inquiry into the Origin and Course of Political Parties in the United States and The Autobiography of Martin Van Buren.

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3. Van Buren was known for his uncanny political acumen and he was given a number of nicknames including "Little Magician" and "Sly Fox".

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4. Martin Van Buren has the distinction of being the first US president to be born an American citizen.

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5. Van Buren believed that the Buchanan administration handled the issue of Bleeding Kansas poorly, and saw the Lecompton Constitution as a sop to Southern extremists.

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6. Van Buren considered Chief Justice Roger Taney's decision in the 1857 case of Dred Scott v Sandford to be a "grievous mistake" since it overturned the Missouri Compromise.

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7. Van Buren attempted to reconcile the Barnburners and the Hunkers, with mixed results.

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8. Van Buren was deeply troubled by the stirrings of secessionism in the South and welcomed the Compromise of 1850 as a necessary conciliatory measure despite his opposition to the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850.

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9. Van Buren declined, partly because he was upset with Polk over the treatment the Van Buren delegates had received at the 1844 convention, and partly because he was content in his retirement.

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10. Van Buren convinced Silas Wright to run for Governor of New York so that the popular Wright could help boost Polk in the state.

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11. Van Buren referred obliquely to her as part of the presidential "household" in his famous Gold Spoon Oration.

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12. Van Buren appointed eight other federal judges, all to United States district courts.

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13. Van Buren proposed a diplomatic solution to a long-standing financial dispute between American citizens and the Mexican government, rejecting Jackson's threat to settle it by force.

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14. Van Buren helped undermine a fledgling alliance between Jackson and Daniel Webster, a senator from Massachusetts who could have potentially threatened Van Buren's project to create two parties separated by policy differences rather than personalities.

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15. Van Buren will never kick, sir, never kick", Calhoun exclaimed to a friend.

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16. Van Buren became involved in a power struggle with Calhoun over appointments and other issues, including the Petticoat Affair.

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17. Van Buren reached an agreement with the British to open trade with the British West Indies colonies and concluded a treaty with the Ottoman Empire that gained American merchants access to the Black Sea.

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18. Van Buren appointed several key supporters, including William L Marcy and Silas Wright, to important state positions.

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19. Van Buren campaigned on local as well as national issues, emphasizing his opposition to the policies of the Adams administration.

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20. Van Buren hoped to engineer a Crawford victory on the second ballot of the contingent election, but Adams won on the first ballot with the help of Clay and Stephen Van Rensselaer, a Congressman from New York.

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21. Van Buren largely determined Tammany Hall's political policy for the Democratic-Republicans in this era.

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22. Van Buren married Hannah Hoes in Catskill, New York on February 21, 1807, his childhood sweetheart and a daughter of his first cousin.

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23. Van Buren accepted their advice and patterned his clothing, appearance, bearing, and conduct after theirs.

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24. Van Buren was small in stature at 5 feet 6 inches tall, and some referred to him as "Little Van".

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25. Van Buren owned an inn and tavern in Kinderhook and served as Kinderhook's town clerk for several years.

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26. Van Buren finished in a distant third nationally, but his presence in the race most likely helped Whig nominee Zachary Taylor defeat Democrat Lewis Cass.

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27. Van Buren continued Jackson's policy of Indian removal; he maintained peaceful relations with Britain but denied the application to admit Texas to the Union, seeking to avoid heightened sectional tensions.

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28. Van Buren resigned from his position to help resolve the Petticoat affair, then briefly served as the American ambassador to Britain.

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29. Van Buren was elected to the United States Senate in 1821 and supported William H Crawford in the 1824 presidential election.

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30. Van Buren trained as a lawyer and quickly became involved in politics as a member of the Democratic-Republican Party.

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31. Van Buren was raised speaking Dutch and learned English at school, making him the only US President who spoke English as a second language.

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32. Van Buren won the 1836 presidential election with the endorsement of popular outgoing President Andrew Jackson and the organizational strength of the Democratic Party.

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33. Martin Van Buren was the eighth president of the United States from 1837 to 1841.

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34. Van Buren was the first of the second generation of American politicians.

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35. Van Buren was elected to the presidency in 1836 as the true heir to the popular Jackson.

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36. Van Buren would run for the presidency again in 1844, but failed to win the Democratic nomination.

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37. Van Buren began a conflict with the Seminoles in Florida, known as the Second Seminole War, and his policies led to the famed Trail of Tears, which occurred when Native Americans were forcibly removed from their lands in the Southeast.

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38. Van Buren spent many of his adolescent years studying law, and he became a lawyer in 1803 when he was admitted to the New York State bar.

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39. Van Buren was devoted to his shy, blue-eyed bride, whom he always called "Jannetje", a Dutch pet form of Johanna.

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40. Van Buren spent only six months in England as the Senate, in January 1832, refused to confirm his appointment by one vote—a ballot cast by Vice President John Calhoun.

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41. Van Buren held onto his attorney general post for another two years until 1819, then lost it to the Clinton forces.

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42. Van Buren had just taken office when the resulting economic collapse hit.

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43. Martin Van Buren made the most of his modest upbringing and poor education.

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44. Van Buren was far more important as a political leader than as a legislator.

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45. Van Buren served in the US Senate, where he firmly backed the tariffs of 1824 and 1828.

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46. Van Buren would undoubtedly have been the Democratic nominee in 1844 had not Texas become the dominant issue by that year.

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47. Van Buren was badly beaten in 1840 by the aging William Henry Harrison and retired to his farm at Kinderhook.

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48. In that office Van Buren reached agreement with Great Britain, opening up its West Indian possessions to American trade, and secured payment from France for commercial injuries during the Napoleonic Wars.

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49. Martin Van Buren looked forward to a vindication that never came.

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50. Van Buren actually received 400,000 more popular votes than he had in 1836.

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51. Van Buren had fallen heir to the Whig attacks on "King Andrew", and repeatedly during debates on the subtreasury bill, critics had charged the president with seeking to enlarge his power by manipulation of the nation's currency.

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52. Van Buren exhorted his fellow Democrats to attend to the history of political parties, to recognize the Whigs as the Federalists of old.

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53. Van Buren intended to take higher ground in his own campaign.

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54. Van Buren passed up several opportunities to embrace expansionist ideology for political advantage.

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55. Van Buren refused to indulge expansionist Democrats, because he wanted to avoid further damage to the North-South axis of the party, which he considered the bulwark of the Union.

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56. Van Buren ignored this tactless reply and kept the Texas question out of the special session.

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57. Van Buren inherited a Texas policy not totally to his liking.

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58. Van Buren appreciated Calhoun's support for the subtreasury bill at the special session but was not about to let the South Carolina senator disrupt Democratic unity.

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59. Van Buren responded with a thorough reconsideration of Jackson's hard-money order.

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60. Van Buren was inundated with urgent requests that he act to halt the inflationary spiral.

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61. Van Buren rarely quarreled with the Senate over appointments, unlike his predecessor.

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62. Van Buren solicited advice from department heads, especially during times of domestic and foreign turmoil.

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63. Van Buren was well aware that Butler felt uncomfortable in Washington and longed to return to Albany.

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64. Van Buren built winning margins in such crucial Democratic strongholds as Pennsylvania, North Carolina, Virginia, and New York.

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65. Van Buren was fortunate that his political opponents lacked the solidarity to capitalize on the unstable economy and the disagreement in Democratic ranks.

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66. Van Buren feared that the Texas question would create sectional discord, and he convinced Jackson to delay any official action until after the election.

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67. Van Buren would not carry his prosouthern sentiments to extremes.

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68. Van Buren arranged for the Regency to denounce abolitionist extremism first in the columns of the Albany Argus and then in the governor's annual message.

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69. Van Buren committed the Regency to the Jacksonian cause with enthusiasm and misgivings.

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70. Van Buren went to Washington in 1821 as New York's junior senator, hoping to create an effective alliance between the states based on a shared commitment to the principles of limited government.

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71. Martin Van Buren was the 8th President of the United States.

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72. Van Buren took the responsibility for the economy which resulted in disastrous congressional elections for the Democratic party.

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73. Martin Van Buren took office on March 4, 1837 with intentions of carrying out similar policies of Andrew Jackson.

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74. Van Buren was voted out of office after four years, losing to Whig candidate William Henry Harrison.

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75. Van Buren was a key organizer of the Democratic Party, a dominant figure in the Second Party System, and the first president not of British or Irish descent—his family was Dutch.

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76. Van Buren became the vice president of United States after winning 1832 election after his candidacy, as an American minister to Britain was not granted by the Senate.

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77. Van Buren had a role as the main advisor when Andrew Jackson served as the president of United States for eight years.

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78. Van Buren decided to become the Secretary of State after letting go his position as a Governor of New York.

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79. Van Buren contributed to the development of a new system of political parties.

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80. Van Buren promised to use the policies of Andrew Jackson after he appeared as the winner in the presidential election.

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81. Van Buren pointed the finger primarily at the Bank of the United States and proposed that federal funds instead be transferred to an independent treasury.

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82. Van Buren took office in March of 1837 and immediately faced significant challenges.

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83. Van Buren served Jackson faithfully during his first term, but then resigned as part of a strategy that would allow Jackson to reorganize his Cabinet as a means of ridding himself of John C Calhoun, with whom Jackson had developed a contentious relationship.

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84. Van Buren helped form the new Democratic Party from a coalition of Jeffersonian Republicans who backed the military hero and president Andrew Jackson.

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85. Martin Van Buren died of bronchial asthma and heart failure at his Lindenwald estate in Kinderhook on July 24, 1862.

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86. Martin Van Buren served as the 8th President of the United States from March 4, 1837 to March 4, 1841.

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87. Van Buren had a major role in shaping the new cabinet.

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88. Van Buren resigned from his position of Secretary of State giving Andrew Jackson an opportunity to reorganize his cabinet and appoint new senior administration officials.

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89. Martin Van Buren led the opposition to the administration of Quincy Adams in the Senate and helped form a coalition that backed Andrew Jackson in the 1828 election.

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90. Van Buren went on to serve as the 10th Secretary of State and the 8th Vice President during the presidency of Andrew Jackson.

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91. Van Buren established friendships with prominent politicians and quickly became an influential political figure.

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92. Van Buren entered into national politics in 1821 when the state legislature elected him to represent New York in the United States Senate.

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93. Van Buren became involved in politics by the age of 18 when he helped John Peter Van Ness win the party nomination for the election to New York's 6th congressional district.

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94. At the age of 24, Martin Van Buren married the 23 years old Hannah Hoes.

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95. Van Buren married his childhood sweetheart and cousin Hannah Hoes.

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96. Van Buren was known for his uncanny political acumen and he was given a number of nicknames including "Little Magician" and "Sly Fox".

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97. Van Buren joined politics in his teens and by thirty he was in the New York State Senate.

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98. Van Buren had bought the Van Ness estate two miles from his hometown of Kinderhook, New York in 1839.

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99. Martin Van Buren created one of the first political machines, the Albany Regency.

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100. Martin Van Buren was of Dutch descent but was the first president to be born in the United States of America.

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101. Van Buren never remarried and he never spoke publicly of his wife.

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