37 Facts About Apollo program


Apollo program, known as Project Apollo, was the third United States human spaceflight program carried out by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, which succeeded in preparing and landing the first humans on the Moon from 1968 to 1972.

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Five subsequent Apollo program missions landed astronauts on the Moon, the last, Apollo program 17, in December 1972.

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Apollo program ran from 1961 to 1972, with the first crewed flight in 1968.

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Apollo program 8 was the first crewed spacecraft to orbit another celestial body, and Apollo program 11 was the first crewed spacecraft to land humans on one.

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The Apollo program laid the foundation for NASA's subsequent human spaceflight capability, and funded construction of its Johnson Space Center and Kennedy Space Center.

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Apollo program spurred advances in many areas of technology incidental to rocketry and human spaceflight, including avionics, telecommunications, and computers.

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Apollo program was conceived during the Eisenhower administration in early 1960, as a follow-up to Project Mercury.

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Apollo program knew little about the technical details of the space program, and was put off by the massive financial commitment required by a crewed Moon landing.

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At its peak, the Apollo program employed 400, 000 people and required the support of over 20, 000 industrial firms and universities.

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The LOC included an Operations and Checkout Building to which Gemini and Apollo program spacecraft were initially received prior to being mated to their launch vehicles.

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Seamans's establishment of an ad hoc committee headed by his special technical assistant Nicholas E Golovin in July 1961, to recommend a launch vehicle to be used in the Apollo program, represented a turning point in NASA's mission mode decision.

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Faget's preliminary Apollo program design employed a cone-shaped command module, supported by one of several service modules providing propulsion and electrical power, sized appropriately for the space station, cislunar, and lunar landing missions.

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The last three of these further supported the Apollo program by carrying Pegasus satellites, which verified the safety of the translunar environment by measuring the frequency and severity of micrometeorite impacts.

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NASA's director of flight crew operations during the Apollo program was Donald K "Deke" Slayton, one of the original Mercury Seven astronauts who was medically grounded in September 1962 due to a heart murmur.

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Apollo program astronauts were chosen from the Project Mercury and Gemini veterans, plus from two later astronaut groups.

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NASA discontinued the crewed Block I Apollo program, using the BlockI spacecraft only for uncrewed SaturnV flights.

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Apollo program4 was the first uncrewed flight of the SaturnV, carrying a BlockI CSM on November 9, 1967.

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Apollo program 5 was the first uncrewed test flight of the LM in Earth orbit, launched from pad 37 on January 22, 1968, by the Saturn IB that would have been used for Apollo program 1.

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Apollo program 7, launched from LC-34 on October 11, 1968, was the Cmission, crewed by Schirra, Eisele, and Cunningham.

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Apollo program 8 was planned to be the D mission in December 1968, crewed by McDivitt, Scott and Schweickart, launched on a SaturnV instead of two Saturn IBs.

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Apollo program 13 launched Lovell, Jack Swigert, and Fred Haise in April 1970, headed for the Fra Mauro formation.

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Apollo program was grounded again, for the remainder of 1970 while the oxygen tank was redesigned and an extra one was added.

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Apollo program 15 had been planned to be the last of the H series missions, but since there would be only two subsequent missions left, it was changed to the first of three J missions.

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Apollo program'spard and Mitchell spent 33 hours and 31 minutes on the surface, and completed two EVAs totalling 9hours 24 minutes, which was a record for the longest EVA by a lunar crew at the time.

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Apollo program 15 was launched on July 26, 1971, with David Scott, Alfred Worden and James Irwin.

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Apollo program 16 landed in the Descartes Highlands on April 20, 1972.

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One important rock found during the Apollo Program is dubbed the Genesis Rock, retrieved by astronauts David Scott and James Irwin during the Apollo 15 mission.

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The cost of constructing and operating Apollo program-related ground facilities, such as the NASA human spaceflight centers and the global tracking and data acquisition network, added an additional $5.

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Project Apollo program was a massive undertaking, representing the largest research and development project in peacetime.

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All of the U S flags left on the Moon during the Apollo missions were found to still be standing, with the exception of the one left during the Apollo 11 mission, which was blown over during that mission's lift-off from the lunar surface; the degree to which these flags retain their original colors remains unknown.

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Apollo program has been called the greatest technological achievement in human history.

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Apollo program stimulated many areas of technology, leading to over 1, 800 spinoff products as of 2015, including advances in the development of cordless power tools, fireproof materials, heart monitors, solar panels, digital imaging, and the use of liquid methane as fuel.

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The Apollo program project was enabled by NASA's adoption of new advances in semiconductor electronic technology, including metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors in the Interplanetary Monitoring Platform (IMP) and silicon integrated circuit chips in the Apollo program Guidance Computer (AGC).

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Crew of Apollo program 8 sent the first live televised pictures of the Earth and the Moon back to Earth, and read from the creation story in the Book of Genesis, on Christmas Eve 1968.

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Apollo program affected environmental activism in the 1970s due to photos taken by the astronauts.

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The publication noted the irony that in order to achieve the goal, the Apollo program required the organization of tremendous public resources within a vast, centralized government bureaucracy.

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Apollo program has been the focus of several works of fiction, including:.

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