23 Facts About Saturn


Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, after Jupiter.

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Saturn's interior is most likely composed of a core of iron–nickel and rock .

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Saturn has a pale yellow hue due to ammonia crystals in its upper atmosphere.

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Saturn is named after the Roman god of wealth and agriculture and father of Jupiter.

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Saturn is a gas giant composed predominantly of hydrogen and helium.

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The temperature, pressure, and density inside Saturn all rise steadily toward the core, which causes hydrogen to be a metal in the deeper layers.

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Standard planetary models suggest that the interior of Saturn is similar to that of Jupiter, having a small rocky core surrounded by hydrogen and helium, with trace amounts of various volatiles.

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Analysis of the distortion shows that Saturn is substantially more centrally condensed than Jupiter and therefore contains a significantly larger amount of material denser than hydrogen near its centre.

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Winds on Saturn are the second fastest among the Solar System's planets, after Neptune's.

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Saturn has an intrinsic magnetic field that has a simple, symmetric shape—a magnetic dipole.

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The visible features on Saturn rotate at different rates depending on latitude, and multiple rotation periods have been assigned to various regions .

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An estimate of Saturn's rotation based on a compilation of various measurements from the Cassini, Voyager and Pioneer probes is.

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Traditionally, most of Saturn's moons have been named after Titans of Greek mythology.

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Saturn is probably best known for the system of planetary rings that makes it visually unique.

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Some moons of Saturn, including Pandora and Prometheus, act as shepherd moons to confine the rings and prevent them from spreading out.

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Saturn has been known since prehistoric times, and in early recorded history it was a major character in various mythologies.

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Saturn is known as "Shani" and judges everyone based on the good and bad deeds performed in life.

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Saturn's rings require at least a 15-mm-diameter telescope to resolve and thus were not known to exist until Christiaan Huygens saw them in 1655 and published about this in 1659.

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The spacecraft studied Saturn's rings, revealing the thin F-ring and the fact that dark gaps in the rings are bright when viewed at high phase angle, meaning that they contain fine light-scattering material.

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Saturn's gravity was used to direct the spacecraft's trajectory towards Uranus.

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Saturn is the most distant of the five planets easily visible to the naked eye from Earth, the other four being Mercury, Venus, Mars and Jupiter.

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Saturn appears brighter when the rings are angled such that they are more visible.

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For example, during the opposition of 17 December 2002, Saturn appeared at its brightest due to a favorable orientation of its rings relative to the Earth, even though Saturn was closer to the Earth and Sun in late 2003.

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