80 Facts About President John F Kennedy

1. President John F Kennedy quietly maintained the practice as president after becoming the richest man to ever take the oath of office.

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2. President John F Kennedy wrote his first book, "Why England Slept" when he was only 22.

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3. President John F Kennedy suffered from bad health from his childhood and he received last rites three times before his presidency.

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4. At the age of 43, President John F Kennedy was the youngest man elected president and the first Catholic.

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5. President John F Kennedy led his men toward a small island several miles away.

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6. President John F Kennedy managed to find McMahon and haul him back to where the other survivors were clinging to a piece of the boat that was still afloat.

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7. President John F Kennedy tried to swerve out of the way, but to no avail.

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8. President John F Kennedy had a crew of twelve men whose mission was to stop Japanese ships from delivering supplies to their soldiers.

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9. President John F Kennedy defeated Nixon in the 1960 election when votes were counted in the Electoral College, by a margin of 303 to 219.

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10. President John F Kennedy was elected three times to the House and two times to the US Senate before becoming president, and he had more national political experience than our two most recent presidents.

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11. President John F Kennedy was a fan of fine cigars, and Cuban cigars in particular.

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12. In 1957, President John F Kennedy was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for his book, Profiles in Courage.

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13. President John F Kennedy died at Parkland Memorial Hospital shortly thereafter, at age 46.

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14. On November 8, 1960, President John F Kennedy defeated Nixon by a razor-thin margin to become the 35th president of the United States of America.

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15. On November 22, 1963, President John F Kennedy was assassinated while riding in a motorcade in Dallas, Texas.

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16. President John F Kennedy sent an army convoy to reassure West Berliners of US support, and would deliver one of his most famous speeches in West Berlin in June 1963.

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17. On September 12, 1953, President John F Kennedy married the beautiful socialite and journalist Jacqueline Lee Bouvier.

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18. President John F Kennedy helped some of his marooned crew back to safety, and was awarded the Navy and Marine Corps Medal for heroism.

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19. In 1968, Robert President John F Kennedy became a long-shot candidacy for the Democratic nomination to the presidency.

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20. On September 2, 1963, President John F Kennedy helped inaugurate network television's first half-hour nightly evening newscast according to an interview with CBS Evening News anchor Walter Cronkite.

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21. President John F Kennedy is the only president to have predeceased a grandparent.

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22. President John F Kennedy inspired affection and loyalty from the members of his team and his supporters.

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23. President John F Kennedy suffered from chronic and severe back pain, for which he had surgery and was written up in the American Medical Association's Archives of Surgery.

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24. President John F Kennedy was closely tied to popular culture, emphasized by songs such as "Twisting at the White House".

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25. President John F Kennedy met his future wife, Jacqueline Lee "Jackie" Bouvier, when he was a congressman.

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26. President John F Kennedy was a life member of the National Rifle Association.

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27. President John F Kennedy was greatly impressed by the Irish Cadets on his last official visit to Ireland, so much so that Jackie Kennedy requested the Irish Army to be the honor guard at her husband's funeral.

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28. On March 14, 1967, President John F Kennedy's remains were disinterred and moved only a few feet away to a permanent burial plot and memorial.

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29. President John F Kennedy was in Texas on a political trip to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative John Connally.

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30. President John F Kennedy now became eager for the US to take the lead in the Space Race, for reasons of national security and prestige.

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31. President John F Kennedy expressed concern about the plight of the Seneca, and directed government agencies to assist in obtaining more land, damages, and assistance to help mitigate their displacement.

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32. President John F Kennedy watched King's speech on TV and was very impressed.

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33. On November 20, 1962, President John F Kennedy signed Executive Order 11063, which prohibited racial discrimination in federally supported housing or "related facilities".

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34. President John F Kennedy assigned federal marshals to protect the Freedom Riders rather than using federal troops or uncooperative FBI agents.

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35. President John F Kennedy was concerned with other issues in the early part of his administration, such as the Cold War, Bay of Pigs fiasco, and the situation in Southeast Asia.

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36. President John F Kennedy ended a period of tight fiscal policies, loosening monetary policy to keep interest rates down and to encourage growth of the economy.

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37. The US Senate ratified this and President John F Kennedy signed it into law in October 1963.

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38. President John F Kennedy was the first foreign leader to address the Houses of the Oireachtas.

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39. President John F Kennedy ended the arms embargo that the Eisenhower and Truman administrations had enforced on Israel.

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40. President John F Kennedy reiterated the American commitment to Germany and criticized communism, and was met with an ecstatic response from a massive audience.

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41. President John F Kennedy instructed Lodge to offer covert assistance to the coup, excluding assassination.

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42. President John F Kennedy announced a change of policy from support to partnership with Diem to defeat of communism in South Vietnam.

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43. President John F Kennedy worked closely with Puerto Rican Governor Luis Munoz Marin for the development of the Alliance of Progress, and began working towards Puerto Rico's autonomy.

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44. President John F Kennedy faced a dilemma: if the US attacked the sites, it might lead to nuclear war with the USS.

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45. President John F Kennedy approved the final invasion plan on April 4, 1961.

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46. President John F Kennedy gave a speech at Saint Anselm College on May 5, 1960, regarding America's conduct in the emerging Cold War.

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47. President John F Kennedy began intensive meetings on the Berlin issue, where Dean Acheson took the lead in recommending a military buildup alongside NATO allies.

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48. President John F Kennedy made it clear that any treaty interfering with US access rights in West Berlin would be regarded as an act of war.

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49. President John F Kennedy started off on the wrong foot by reacting aggressively to a routine Khrushchev speech on Cold War confrontation in early 1961.

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50. President John F Kennedy focused on immediate and specific issues facing the administration, and quickly voiced his impatience with pondering of deeper meanings.

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51. President John F Kennedy selected a mixture of experienced and inexperienced people to serve in his cabinet.

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52. President John F Kennedy was ready and willing to make the increased number of quick decisions required in such an environment.

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53. President John F Kennedy brought to the White House a contrast in organization compared to the decision-making structure of former-General Eisenhower, and he wasted no time in scrapping Eisenhower's methods.

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54. President John F Kennedy became the youngest person ever elected to the presidency, though Theodore Roosevelt was a year younger at 42 when he automatically assumed the office after William McKinley's assassination in 1901.

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55. President John F Kennedy ignored the opposition of his brother, who wanted him to choose labor leader Walter Reuther, and other liberal supporters when he chose Johnson as his vice presidential nominee.

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56. President John F Kennedy won the West Virginia primary, impressing many in the party, but at the start of the 1960 Democratic National Convention, it was unclear as to whether he would win the nomination.

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57. President John F Kennedy traveled extensively to build his support among Democratic elites and voters.

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58. On January 2, 1960, President John F Kennedy announced his candidacy for the Democratic presidential nomination.

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59. President John F Kennedy finished second in the balloting, losing to Senator Estes Kefauver of Tennessee but receiving national exposure as a result.

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60. President John F Kennedy supported public housing and opposed the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947, which restricted the power of labor unions.

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61. On March 1, 1945, President John F Kennedy retired from the Navy Reserve on physical disability and was honorably discharged with the full rank of lieutenant.

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62. President John F Kennedy gathered around the wreckage his surviving ten crew members to vote on whether to "fight or surrender".

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63. President John F Kennedy was commissioned an ensign on October 26, 1941, and joined the staff of the Office of Naval Intelligence in Washington, DC.

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64. President John F Kennedy exercised for months to straighten his back.

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65. In 1940, President John F Kennedy attempted to enter the army's Officer Candidate School, but was medically disqualified due to his chronic lower back problems.

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66. In early 1941, President John F Kennedy left and helped his father write a memoir of his time as an American ambassador.

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67. In 1940, President John F Kennedy completed his thesis, "Appeasement in Munich", about British participation in the Munich Agreement.

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68. President John F Kennedy made the Dean's List in his junior year.

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69. When President John F Kennedy was an upperclassman at Harvard, he began to take his studies more seriously and developed an interest in political philosophy.

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70. In July 1937, President John F Kennedy sailed to France—taking his convertible—and spent ten weeks driving through Europe with Billings.

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71. President John F Kennedy intended to study under Harold Laski at the London School of Economics, as his older brother had done.

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72. In September 1935, President John F Kennedy made his first trip abroad when he traveled to London with his parents and his sister Kathleen.

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73. President John F Kennedy spent his first years at Choate in his older brother's shadow, and compensated with rebellious behavior that attracted a coterie.

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74. President John F Kennedy's father's business had kept him away from the family for long stretches of time, and his ventures were concentrated on Wall Street and Hollywood.

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75. President John F Kennedy was educated at the Edward Devotion School in Brookline, the Noble and Greenough Lower School in nearby Dedham, Massachusetts, and the Dexter School through the 4th grade.

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76. President John F Kennedy lived in Brookline for the first ten years of his life and attended the local St Aidan's Church, where he was baptized on June 19, 1917.

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77. President John F Kennedy continues to rank highly in historians' polls of US presidents and with the general public.

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78. President John F Kennedy increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over President Dwight D Eisenhower.

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79. President John F Kennedy was elected to the US Senate and served as the junior Senator from Massachusetts from 1953 to 1960.

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80. President John F Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and the majority of his presidency dealt with managing relations with the Soviet Union.

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