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52 Facts About Tucson
Tucson is the 33rd largest city and the 58th largest metropolitan area in the United States .
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Major incorporated suburbs of Tucson include Oro Valley and Marana northwest of the city, Sahuarita south of the city, and South Tucson in an enclave south of downtown.
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Communities in the vicinity of Tucson include Casas Adobes, Catalina Foothills, Flowing Wells, Midvale Park, Tanque Verde, Tortolita, and Vail.
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Tucson was founded as a military fort by the Spanish when Hugo O'Conor authorized the construction of Presidio San Agustin del Tucson in 1775.
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Tucson served as the capital of the Arizona Territory from 1867 to 1877.
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Tucson was Arizona's largest city by population during the territorial period and early statehood, until it was surpassed by Phoenix by 1920.
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In 2017, Tucson was the first American city to be designated a "City of Gastronomy" by UNESCO.
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Early Ceramic period occupation of Tucson saw the first extensive use of pottery vessels for cooking and storage.
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Tucson was not included in the Mexican Cession to the United States following the war.
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In 1857, Tucson was established as a stage station on the San Antonio-San Diego Mail Line.
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Tucson was incorporated in 1877, making it the oldest incorporated city in Arizona.
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Tucson is on an alluvial plain in the Sonoran Desert, surrounded by five minor ranges of mountains: the Santa Catalina Mountains and the Tortolita Mountains to the north, the Santa Rita Mountains to the south, the Rincon Mountains to the east, and the Tucson Mountains to the west.
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In 2009, Tucson ranked as the 32nd-largest city and 52nd-largest metropolitan area in the United States.
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Similar to many other cities in the Western U S, Tucson was developed by European Americans on a grid plan starting in the late 19th century, with the city center at Stone Avenue and Broadway Boulevard.
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Local retail business in Central Tucson is densely concentrated along Fourth Avenue and the Main Gate Square on University Boulevard near the UA campus.
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The Tucson street was called "The Speedway, " from 1904 to about 1906, when "The" was removed from the title.
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South Tucson is widely known for its many Mexican restaurants and architectural styles.
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Western Tucson encompasses the banks of the Santa Cruz River and the foothills of the Tucson Mountains.
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North Tucson includes the urban neighborhoods of Amphitheater and Flowing Wells.
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East Tucson is relatively new compared to other parts of the city, developed between the 1950s and the 1970s, with developments such as Desert Palms Park.
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Tucson's was the first documented European woman to ascend to the peak, accompanied by her husband and by local rancher Emmerson Oliver Stratton.
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Tucson has a hot desert climate, with two major seasons, a hot summer and mild winter.
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Winters in Tucson are mild relative to other parts of the United States.
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Tucson airport recorded 1 inch of snow, while Summerhaven in the mountains received 25 inches.
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Roughly 150 Tucson companies are involved in the design and manufacture of optics and optoelectronics systems, earning Tucson the nickname "Optics Valley".
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Procession, held at sundown, consists of a non-motorized parade through downtown Tucson featuring many floats, sculptures, and memorials, in which the community is encouraged to participate.
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Tucson is home to the Tucson Symphony Orchestra, the oldest performing arts organization in the state of Arizona.
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Tucson is considered an influential center for Mariachi music and is home to a large number of Mariachi musicians and singers.
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Tucson has been the setting and filming location for multiple films.
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Some notable films that have been filmed in Tucson include Revenge of the Nerds, Can't Buy Me Love, Major League, Tombstone, and Tin Cup.
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Tucson has a strong, though contested, claim to being the place of origin of the chimichanga.
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The Tucson Padres played at Kino Veterans Memorial Stadium from 2011 to 2013.
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Tucson is host to FC Tucson, a professional soccer club that plays in the third-tier USL League One.
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Tucson Monsoon, a full-contact women's football team, was a member of the Independent Women's Football League where they played from their inception in 2006 until their demise in 2009.
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Tucson is one of only nine cities in the U S to receive a gold rating or higher for cycling friendliness from the League of American Bicyclists.
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In 2013, Tucson became the second city in Arizona to approve of civil unions for same-sex partners.
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Tucson is the only city in Arizona that holds officially partisan elections for city offices, with candidates nominated through party primaries.
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Tucson is known for being a trailblazer in voluntary partial publicly financed campaigns.
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Primarily, students of the Tucson area attend public schools in the Tucson Unified School District .
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Tucson has one daily newspaper, the morning Arizona Daily Star.
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Tucson's primary electrical power source is a natural gas power plant managed by Tucson Electric Power that is within the city limits on the southwestern boundary of Davis-Monthan Air-force base adjacent to Interstate 10.
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Biggest sustainability problem in Tucson, with its low-desert climate, is a potable water supply.
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However, with over 300 days of full sun annually, Tucson has demonstrated its potential to be an ideal solar energy producer.
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In 1992, Tucson Water delivered CAP water to some customers that was referred to as being unacceptable due to discoloration, bad odor and flavor, as well as problems it caused with some customers' plumbing and appliances.
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The city of Tucson operates Ryan Airfield 13 miles southwest of the city center, and the town of Marana operates Marana Regional Airport 15 miles to the northwest.
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