18 Facts About Ningxia


Ningxia, officially the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, is an autonomous region in the northwest of the People's Republic of China.

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Formerly a province, Ningxia was incorporated into Gansu in 1954 but was later separated from Gansu in 1958 and reconstituted as an autonomous region for the Hui people, one of the 56 officially recognised nationalities of China.

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Ningxia was the core area of the Western Xia in the 11th-13th century, established by the Tangut people; its name, "Peaceful Xia", derived from the Mongol conquest of the state.

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Jews lived in Ningxia, as evidenced by the fact that in 1489, after a major flood destroyed Torah scrolls in Kaifeng, a replacement was sent to the Kaifeng Jews by the Ningbo and Ningxia Jewish communities.

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In 1969, Ningxia received a part of the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, but this area was returned in 1979.

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Present-day Ningxia is one of the nation's smallest provincial-level units and borders the provinces of Shaanxi and Gansu and the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.

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Ningxia is a relatively dry, desert-like region and features a diverse geography of forested mountains and hills, table lands, deserts, flood plains and basins cut through by the Yellow River.

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The Ningxia ecosystem is one of the least studied regions in the world.

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Ningxia is rich in mineral resources with proven deposits of 34 kinds of minerals, muchof which located in grassland areas.

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Ningxia boasts verified coal reserves of over 30 billion tons, with an estimated reserve of more than 202 billion tons, ranking sixth nationwide.

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Ningxia leads China in gypsum deposits, with a proven reserve of more than 4.

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Politics of Ningxia is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

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Ningxia has a friendship agreement with Sogn og Fjordane county of Norway.

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Ningxia is divided into five prefecture-level divisions: all prefecture-level cities:.

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Rural Ningxia was for long an officially designated poverty area, and is still located on the lower rungs of the developmental ladder.

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Similar to other areas, Ningxia has seen a gradual decline of its peasant population due to rural–urban migration.

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Ningxia is the principal region of China where wolfberries are grown.

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Islam is the single biggest religious tradition in Ningxia, where every third Ningxia resident is a Muslim.

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