29 Facts About Gansu


Gansu is among the poorest administrative divisions in China, ranking 31st, last place, in GDP per capita as of 2019.

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State of Qin originated in what is southeastern Gansu and went on to form the first known Empire in what is China.

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The Northern Silk Road ran through the Hexi Corridor, which passes through Gansu, resulting in it being an important strategic outpost and communications link for the Chinese empire.

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City of Jiayuguan, the second most populated city in Gansu, is known for its section of the Great Wall and the Jiayuguan Pass fortress complex.

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Gansu is a compound of the names of Ganzhou and Suzhou, formerly the two most important Chinese settlements in the Hexi Corridor.

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Gansu is abbreviated as "" or "", and was known as Longxi or Longyou prior to early Western Han dynasty, in reference to the Long Mountain between eastern Gansu and western Shaanxi.

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Gansu's name is a compound name first used during the Song dynasty.

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In imperial times, Gansu was an important strategic outpost and communications link for the Chinese empire, as the Hexi Corridor runs along the "neck" of the province.

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Along the Silk Road, Gansu was an economically important province, as well as a cultural transmission path.

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Muslim Conflict in Gansu was a conflict against the Guominjun.

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Gansu's Tienshui was the site of a Japanese-Chinese warplane fight.

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Gansu was a passageway for Soviet war supplies for the Republic of China during the Second Sino-Japanese War.

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Landscape in Gansu is very mountainous in the south and flat in the north.

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Gansu is divided into fourteen prefecture-level divisions: twelve prefecture-level cities and two autonomous prefectures:.

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Gansu is known as a source for wild medicinal herbs which are used in Chinese medicine.

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Industrial sector in Gansu was developed after completion of the Longhai railway in 1953 and blueprinted in the first five-year plan of China.

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Large part of Gansu's economy is based on mining and the extraction of minerals, especially rare earth elements.

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Gansu province is home to a little less than 25 million people.

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Gansu is a historical home, along with Shaanxi, of the dialect of the Dungans, who migrated to Central Asia.

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Unique variety of Chinese folk music popularly identified with the local peoples of Gansu include the "Hua'er", and is popular among the Han and nine ethnic groups of Gansu.

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The cuisine of Gansu is based on the staple crops grown there: wheat, barley, millet, beans, and sweet potatoes.

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Gansu has many works of Buddhist art, including the Maijishan Grottoes.

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Gansu province is home to the only class A Double First Class University in China's northwest, Lanzhou University.

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Gansu has advantages in getting nickel, zinc, cobalt, platinum, iridium, copper, barite, and baudisserite.

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Gansu is placed ninth among China's provinces in annual hydropower potential and water discharge.

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In November 2017 an agreement between the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Gansu government was announced, to site and begin operations of a molten salt reactor pilot project in the province by 2020.

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Gansu's mammals include some of the world's most charismatic: the giant panda, golden monkeys, lynx, snow leopards, sika deer, musk deer, and the Bactrian camel.

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Gansu is home to 441 species of birds; it is a center of endemism and home to many species and subspecies which occur nowhere else in the world.

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Gansu is China's second-largest producer of medicinal plants and herbs, including some produced nowhere else, such as the hairy asiabell root, fritillary bulb, and Chinese caterpillar fungus.

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