48 Facts About Tianjin


In terms of urban population, Tianjin is the fourth largest city in China, after Shanghai, Beijing, and Guangzhou.

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Nowadays Tianjin is a dual-core city, with its main urban area located along the Hai River, which connects to the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers via the Grand Canal; and Binhai, an adjacent New Area urban core located east of the old city, on the coast of the Bohai Gulf.

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Tianjin is ranked as a Beta city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

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Tianjin is the pinyin romanization of the Chinese characters, which means "Heavenly Ford" or "Ford of Heaven".

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The current name of Tianjin was adopted in 1958 after pinyin was introduced by the PRC government.

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Land where Tianjin is located today was created in between 900 and 1300 CE by sedimentation of various rivers entering the sea at Bohai Gulf, including the Yellow River, which entered the open sea in this area at one point.

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Tianjin begins to be increasingly mentioned in records during the Song dynasty and gains importance during the Yuan dynasty.

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Tianjin experienced development under the Yuan and became a prime location for the storage of goods and grains.

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Tianjin became a garrison town and shipping station during the Ming dynasty.

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The treaties were ratified by the Xianfeng Emperor in 1860, and Tianjin was formally opened to Great Britain and France, and thus to the outside world.

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Presence of foreign influence in Tianjin was not always peaceful; one of the most serious violent incidents to date was the Tianjin Church Massacre.

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In June 1870, the orphanage held by the Wanghailou Church, in Tianjin, built by French Roman Catholic missionaries, was accused of the kidnapping and brainwashing of Chinese children.

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On July 30, 1937, Tianjin fell to Japan, as part of the Second Sino-Japanese War, but was not entirely occupied, as the Japanese for the most part respected foreign concessions until 1941, when the American and British concessions were occupied.

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On November 14, 1941 the American Marine unit stationed in Tianjin was ordered to leave, but before this could be accomplished, the Japanese attacked the United States.

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From 1949 to February 1958, Tianjin was a municipality directly under the control of the central government.

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However, a large number of factories and colleges in Tianjin moved to Hebei, adversely affecting Tianjin's economic development.

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In January 1967, due to "preparation, preparation for disasters", and concerns that Tianjin would become a battlefield, Hebei Province repatriated the provincial capital to Baoding, and the CCP Central Committee decided that Tianjin should be restored to the central municipality and remain so far.

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In 1994, Tianjin began its strategic industrial shift towards the east and developed the Binhai New Area with the Tianjin Port as the core.

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In October 2013, Tianjin hosted the East Asian Games, which was the first time Tianjin hosted an international comprehensive event.

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Tianjin is located along the west coast of the Bohai Gulf, looking out to the provinces Shandong and Liaoning across those waters, bordered by Beijing 120 kilometers to the northwest, and is surrounded on all sides by Hebei, with the exception of its eastern border, the Bohai Sea.

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Tianjin is divided into 16 county-level divisions, which are all districts.

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Politics of Tianjin is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in the mainland China.

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Since Tianjin is a municipality, the CCP Municipal Committee Secretary is colloquially termed the "Tianjin CCP Party chief".

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The city of Tianjin recorded China's highest per-capita GDP with $17, 126, followed by Beijing with $16, 278 and Shanghai with $15, 847.

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Tianjin hit the news in 2010, as the current fastest supercomputer in the world, Tianhe-1A, is located at the National Supercomputing Center of Tianjin.

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Tianjin Nangang Industrial Zone is a heavy and chemical industry base and harbor; an important part of the "dual-city, dual-harbor"space development strategy of Tianjin, a demonstration zone of circular economy.

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Tianjin has recently shifted to rapid population growth, its population had reached 14.

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Tianjin People's Broadcasting Station is the major radio station in Tianjin.

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In 1912 Tianjin had 17 Chinese-language newspapers and 5 daily newspapers in other languages; none of the newspapers in the Tianjin district were trade papers.

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Newspapers from Tianjin published in Tianjin included China Critic, Peking and Tientsin Times, The China Times, Tageblatt fur Nordchina, L'Echo de Tientsin, China Tribune, Ta Kung Pao, Min Hsing Pao, and Jih Jih Shin Wen Pao (Tsientsin Daily News).

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Newspapers from Beijing published in Tianjin included Pei Ching Jih Pao, Peking Daily News, and Le Journal de Peking.

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In 1930, the newspaper Deutsch-Mandschurische Nachrichten moved from Harbin to Tianjin and changed its name to the Deutsch-Chinesische Nachrichten.

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In fact, Tianjin has become the censorship capital of Chinese Internet.

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People from Tianjin speak the Tianjin dialect of Mandarin, from which it is derived.

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Tianjin is a respected home base of Beijing opera, one of the most prestigious forms of Chinese opera.

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Tianjin is famous for its stand-up comedy and comedians including Guo Degang and Ma Sanli.

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Ma Sanli, an ethnic Hui and longtime resident of Tianjin, is renowned for his xiangsheng, a hugely popular form of Chinese entertainment akin to comedy.

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Tianjin, along with Beijing, is a center for the art of xiangsheng.

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Tianjin is famous for the Zhang clay figurine, a type of intricate, colorful figurine depicting a variety of vivid characters, and Tianjin's Wei's kites, which can be folded to a fraction of their full sizes and are noted for portability.

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Four delicacies of Tianjin include Goubuli baozi, Guifaxiang Shibajie Mahua, Erduoyan Zhagao and Maobuwen Jiaozi.

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Tianjin port is the world's top-level and China's largest artificial deep water harbor, and the throughput capacity ranks fifth in the world.

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New C trains take only 30 min to travel between Beijing and Tianjin, cutting the previous D train time by more than a half.

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Also, Tianjin is unlike Beijing, in that very few roads run parallel to the major four cardinal directions.

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Residents of Tianjin participate in indigenous religious practices, such as the veneration of the Goddess of Sea, Mazu.

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Tianjin has been described as a historically "strong center" of Islam in China.

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Northwestern Tianjin is traditionally the location of the Muslim quarter of the city, where they have lived for centuries near the city's huge Great Mosque, Qingzhen si, founded in 1703.

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Additionally, Tianjin will be one of the host cities for the expanded FIFA Club World Cup.

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Together with Beijing, Tianjin had been for many centuries considered a center for traditional Chinese martial arts.

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