46 Facts About Harbin


Harbin is a sub-provincial city and the provincial capital and the largest city of Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China, as well as the second largest city by urban population after Shenyang and largest city by metropolitan population in Northeast China.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,170

Harbin has direct jurisdiction over nine metropolitan districts, two county-level cities and seven counties, and is the eighth most populous Chinese city according to the 2020 census.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,171

From 1932 until 1945, Harbin was the largest city in the Imperial Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,172

Harbin is notable for its ice sculpture festival in the winter.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,173

Harbin serves as a key political, economic, scientific, cultural and communications hub in Northeast China, as well as an important industrial base of the nation.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,174

Harbin is one of the top 100 cities and metropolitan areas in the world by scientific research output as tracked by the Nature Index.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,175

Harbin became one of the main points through which food and industrial products were shipped out of Manchuria.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,176

Harbin became the economic hub of northeastern China and an international metropolis.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,177

Many of Harbin's Russians were wealthy, which sometimes confused foreign visitors who expected them to be poor, with for instance the American writer Harry A Franck in his 1923 book Wanderings in North China writing the Russian "ladies as well gowned as at the Paris races [who] strolled with men faultlessly garbed by European standards", leading him to wonder how they had achieved this "deceptive appearance".

FactSnippet No. 1,000,178

Russian community in Harbin made it their mission to preserve the pre-revolutionary culture of Russia.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,179

One of the famous Russian poets in Harbin was Valery Pereleshin, who started publishing his intensely homoerotic poetry in 1937 and was one of the few Russian writers in Harbin who learned Mandarin.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,180

Nikolai Baikov, a Russian writer in Harbin was known for his novels of exile life in that city together with his accounts of his travels across Manchuria and the folklore of its Manchu and Chinese population.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,181

Harbin became a major operations base for the infamous medical experimenters of Unit 731, who killed people of all ages and ethnicities.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,182

Many of Harbin's Jews fled after the Japanese occupation as the Japanese associated closely with militant anti-Soviet Russian Fascists, whose ideology of anti-Bolshevism and nationalism was laced with virulent anti-Semitism.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,183

Harbin was one of the key construction cities of China during the First Five-Year Plan period from 1951 to 1956.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,184

Mao Zedong ordered an evacuation of military and other key state enterprises away from the northeastern frontier, with Harbin being the core zone of this region, bordering the Soviet Union.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,185

Harbin holds the China Harbin International Economic and Trade Fair each year since 1990.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,186

Harbin once housed one of the largest Jewish communities in the Far East before World War II.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,187

On 5 October 1984, Harbin was designated a sub-provincial city by the Organization Department of the CCP Central Committee.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,188

The eight counties of Harbin originally formed part of Songhuajiang Prefecture whose seat was practically located inside the urban area of Harbin since 1972.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,189

Harbin received its nickname The pearl on the swan's neck, since the shape of Heilongjiang resembles a swan.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,190

The easternmost part of Harbin prefecture has extensive wetlands, mainly in Yilan County, which is located at the southwestern edge of the Sanjiang Plain.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,191

Sub-provincial city of Harbin has direct jurisdiction over 9 districts, 2 county-level cities and 7 counties.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,192

Chernozem soil in Harbin, called "black earth" is one of the most nutrient rich in all of China, making it valuable for cultivating food and textile-related crops.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,193

Harbin has industries such as light industry, textile, medicine, food, aircraft, automobile, metallurgy, electronics, building materials, and chemicals that help to form a fairly comprehensive industrial system.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,194

Profit from these major research institutes, Harbin ranked ninth among 50 major Chinese cities in scientific and technological innovation ability in scientific and technological competitiveness ranking in 2006, as well as ranking sixth among Chinese cities in the amount of scientific and technological achievements.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,195

Harbin currently has a lower birth rate than other parts of China, with 6.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,196

Daowai Mosque is located in Harbin and is the largest mosque in Heilongjiang province.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,197

Harbin had a small Jewish community centered on Zhongyang Main Street, which was home to many European Jewish refugees.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,198

The city of Harbin was appointed a UNESCO City of Music on 22 June 2010 as part of the Creative Cities Network.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,199

Rather the Harbin style is dominated by the honey and ginger flavours and has a clear or honey yellow colour.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,200

Demoli Stewed Live Fish is one among other notable dishes in Harbin, which is originated in a village named Demoli on the expressway from Harbin to Jiamusi.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,201

In 1900, Russian merchant Ivan Yakovlevich Churin founded a branch in Harbin, which was named Churin Foreign trading company selling imported clothes, leather boots, canned foods, vodka, etc.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,202

Besides its headquarters in Harbin, it has branches in other major Chinese cities including Beijing, Shanghai, etc.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,203

Summer and winter are the best occasions to visit Harbin as it is a cool resort in the short lovely summer and a fascinating ice kingdom in the harsh cold and long winter.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,204

Harbin is known for its European-style structures, for example, the popular Saint Sophia Cathedral, the design on Central Street, and the Baroque compositional complex in Lao Daowai .

FactSnippet No. 1,000,205

Harbin is notable for its combination of Chinese and European architecture styles.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,206

The architecture in Harbin gives it the nicknames of "Oriental Moscow" and "Oriental Paris" in China.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,207

Central Street, one of the main business streets in Harbin, is a remnant of the bustling international business activities at the turn of the 20th century.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,208

Harbin has an indoor speed skating arena, the Heilongjiang Indoor Rink.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,209

Russian side started to have plans to introduce bandy to China while Harbin has good preconditions to become one of the strong points of this sport in China.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,210

Harbin hosted the Asian Basketball Confederation Championship in 2003, in which China won the championship on their home court for the thirteenth time.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,211

Harbin Taiping International Airport, which is 35 kilometres away from the urban area of Harbin, is the second largest international airport in Northeast China.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,212

Harbin harbor is one of eight inland ports in China and the largest of its type in Northeast China.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,213

Harbin is headquarters of the 78th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Northern Theater Command responsible for defending China's northeastern borders with Russia, Mongolia and North Korea.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,214

Harbin has town twinning and similar arrangements with approximately 30 places around the world, as well as some other cities within China.

FactSnippet No. 1,000,215