13 Facts About Tuva


Tuva or Tyva, officially the Republic of Tuva, is a federal subject of Russia .

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From 1921 to 1944, Tuva constituted a sovereign, independent, but partially recognized nation, acknowledged only by its neighbors the Soviet Union and Mongolia.

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Tuva is governed by the Great Khural, which elects a chairman to four-year terms.

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Territory of Tuva has been controlled by the Xiongnu Empire and the Xianbei state, Rouran Khaganate, the Yenisei Kyrgyz, Mongol Empire, Yuan dynasty, Northern Yuan dynasty, Khotgoid Khanate and Zunghar Khanate .

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From 1758 to 1911, Tuva was part of China's Qing dynasty and administered by Outer Mongolia.

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Tuva became nominally independent as the Uryankhay Republic before being turned into a Russian protectorate as Uryankhay Krai under Tsar Nicholas II, on 17 April 1914.

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Tuva was annexed by the Soviet Union in 1944, with the approval of Tuva's Little Khural, but without a referendum on the issue.

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Tuva was a signatory to the 31 March 1992 treaty that created the Russian Federation.

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Soldiers from Tuva participate in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.

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Important archaeological excavations in Tuva include Arzhaan-1 and Tunnug 1, dating to the ninth Century BC.

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Tuva is one of the few places in the world where the original form of shamanism is preserved as part of the traditional culture of Tuva.

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Centers of Buddhism in Tuva are Khuree – temples, temple complexes; the temple complex Tsechenling in Kyzyl is the residence of Khambo Lama, head of Buddhism in Tuva.

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Treasures of the old Slavonic culture in the Asian Tuva saved along with the values of other peoples – children's folklore ensemble "Oktay" from the city of Kyzyl in the course several ethnographic expeditions in the old believers ' settlements were able to collect an extensive collection of samples of ancient singing art.

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