21 Facts About Mao

1. At age 13, Mao finished primary education, and his father united him in an arranged marriage to the 17-year-old Luo Yixiu, thereby uniting their land-owning families.

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2. At the age of 73, Chairman Mao plunged into the Yangtze River and swam 15 kilometers in 65 minutes–according to the Chinese Central Government.

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3. At the age of 13, Chairman Mao was forced to leave school and return home to help on the family farm.

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4. In 1957, Mao called those people who spoke out enemies or rightists.

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5. In 1953, with the Korean War over, Mao turned his attention back to reforms at home.

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6. In 1910, Mao was sent to a modern school in a nearby town.

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7. On October 1, 1949, Mao was proclaimed president of the newly established People's Republic of China.

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8. At the age of eighteen, Mao joined the revolutionary army as a common soldier.

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9. On that occasion Mao was elected, thanks mainly to his support from the military, to the chairmanship of the Politburo.

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10. At this time, Mao lost trust in many of the top CPC figures.

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11. In January 1958, Mao launched the second Five-Year Plan, known as the Great Leap Forward, a plan intended as an alternative model for economic growth to the Soviet model focusing on heavy industry that was advocated by others in the party.

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12. From his base in Yan'an, Mao authored several texts for his troops, including Philosophy of Revolution, which offered an introduction to the Marxist theory of knowledge; Protracted Warfare, which dealt with guerilla and mobile military tactics; and New Democracy, which laid forward ideas for China's future.

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13. From this point onward, Mao was the Communist Party's undisputed leader, even though he would not become party chairman until 1943.

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14. In February 1930, Mao created the Southwest Jiangxi Provincial Soviet Government in the region under his control.

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15. In March 1927, Mao appeared at the Third Plenum of the KMT Central Executive Committee in Wuhan, which sought to strip General Chiang of his power by appointing Wang Jingwei leader.

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16. In late May, Mao co-founded the Hunanese Student Association with He Shuheng and Deng Zhongxia, organizing a student strike for June and in July 1919 began production of a weekly radical magazine, Xiang River Review.

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17. At the university, Mao was widely snubbed by other students due to his rural Hunanese accent and lowly position.

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18. At age 16, Mao moved to a higher primary school in nearby Dongshan, where he was bullied for his peasant background.

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19. At age 13, Mao finished primary education, and his father united him in an arranged marriage to the 17-year-old Luo Yigu, thereby uniting their land-owning families.

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20. In 1972, Mao welcomed American President Richard Nixon in Beijing, signalling the start of a policy of opening China to the world.

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21. On October 1, 1949, Mao proclaimed the foundation of the People's Republic of China, a single-party state controlled by the CPC.

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