74 Facts About Chengdu


Chengdu, alternatively romanized as Chengtu, is a sub-provincial city which serves as the capital of the Chinese province of Sichuan.

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Chengdu is considered a "Beta + " city classification according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.

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Chengdu is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 35th globally the 2021 Global Financial Centres Index.

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The surrounding Chengdu Plain is known as the "Country of Heaven" and the "Land of Abundance".

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Chengdu is one of the most important economic, financial, commercial, cultural, transportation, and communication centers in China.

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Chengdu is the seat of the Western Theatre Command region of the People's Liberation Army.

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Chengdu hosted the FISU Summer World University Games, an international multi-sport event.

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Chengdu is one of the world's top 40 cities by scientific research output, and home to the greatest number of universities and research institutes in Southwestern China, notably Sichuan University, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Southwestern University of Finance and Economics, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu University of Technology, Sichuan Normal University, and Xihua University.

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Name Chengdu is attested in sources dating back to the Warring States period.

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Therefore, Chengdu has become a rare city in China and the world that has not changed its name since its establishment.

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Some people think that Chengdu is a transliteration of ancient Shu place names.

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Jinsha Ruins located in the urban area of ??Chengdu is a peak of the development of ancient Shu culture.

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The Chengdu Plain has been fertile and wild for thousands of miles since then.

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Under the Han, the brocade produced in Chengdu became fashionable and was exported throughout China.

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Under the Tang, Chengdu was considered the second most prosperous city in China after Yangzhou.

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Chengdu was the capital of Wang Jian's Former Shu from 907 to 925, when it was conquered by the Later Tang.

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Marco Polo visited Chengdu and wrote about the Anshun Bridge or an earlier version of it.

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Chengdu became a military center for the KMT to regroup in the War of Resistance.

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Chengdu was beyond the reach of the Imperial Japanese ground forces and escort fighter planes.

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The massed formation of the G3M bombers provided heavy firepower against Chinese fighter planes assigned to the defense of Chongqing and Chengdu, which continued to cause problems for the Japanese attacks.

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Chengdu Tianfu District Great City is a sustainable planned city that will be outside of Central Chengdu, and is expected to be completely built later in the decade.

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In 2019, Chengdu overtook Shenzhen, China's technology hub, as the best-performing Chinese economy.

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Investments into a Europe-Chengdu Express Railway have been made, providing even more opportunity for the city to grow.

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Goal of the 'park city' project is to allow a city like Chengdu to compete with Beijing and Shanghai without stripping the city of its character.

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The city of Chengdu is already known for its focus on quality of life, which includes affordable housing, good public schools, trees and bike lanes.

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East of Chengdu stands the low Longquan Mountains and the west bordering area of the hilly land of middle reaches of Min River, an area noted by several converging rivers.

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Since ancient times, Chengdu has been known as "the Abundant Land" owing to its fertile soil, favorable climate, and novel Dujiangyan Irrigation System.

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Chengdu is located at the western edge of the Sichuan Basin and sits on the Chengdu Plain; the dominating terrain is plains.

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Chengdu has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate and is largely warm with high relative humidity all year.

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Chengdu has one of the lowest annual sunshine totals nationally, with less sunshine annually than much of Northern Europe, and most days are overcast even if without rain.

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Chengdu is a sub-provincial city which has served as the capital of Sichuan since Chongqing's restoration to provincial status in 1997.

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Chengdu is the largest city in Sichuan and the sixth largest in China.

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Chengdu contains official, Roman Catholic and Protestant congregations, some of which are underground churches.

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Chengdu has more tea houses and bars than Shanghai despite having less than half the population.

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Common side dishes popular in Chengdu include noodles, wontons, dumplings, pastries, tangyuan, drinks, salads and soups.

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Chengdu locals have simplified the rules and made it easier to play as compared to Cantonese Mahjong.

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Also, Mahjong in Chengdu is a way to meet old friends and to strengthen family relationships.

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Chengdu has established the world-renowned breeding and research base for giant pandas, which attracts almost 100,000 visitors annually.

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Many aspects of the urban life of Chengdu are present in the current-day Jinli area: teahouses, restaurants, bars, theatres, handicraft stores, local snack vendors, and specialty shops.

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Today, it is one of the most well-known and popular fashion and shopping centers of Chengdu, lined with shopping malls, luxury brand stores, and boutique shops.

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Also based on a research report undertaken by the Nobel economics laureate, Dr Robert Mundell and the celebrated Chinese economist, Li Yining, published by the State Information Center in 2010, Chengdu has become an "engine" of the Western Development Program, a benchmark city for investment environment in inland China, and a major leader in new urbanization.

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Meanwhile, the Fortune 500 companies that have opened offices in Chengdu, including JP Morgan Chase, Henkel, and GE, increased their investment and upgraded the involvement of their branches in Chengdu.

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Main industries in Chengdu—including machinery, automobile, medicine, food, and information technology—are supported by numerous large-scale enterprises.

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Chengdu is becoming one of the favorite cities for investment in Central and Western China.

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The National Development and Reform Commission has formally approved Chengdu's proposed establishment of a national bio-industry base there.

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The government of Chengdu has recently unveiled a plan to create a 90-billion-CNY bio pharmaceutical sector by 2012.

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Chengdu has long been established as a national base for the electronics and IT industries.

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Chengdu's growth accelerated alongside the growth of the telecom services sector in India and China, which together account for over 70 percent of the world telecommunications market.

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Intel's Chengdu factory, set up in 2005 is its second in China, after its Shanghai factory, and the first such large-scale foreign investment in the electronics industry in interior mainland China.

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Chengdu is a major base for communication infrastructure, with one of China's nine top level postal centers and one of six national telecom exchanges hub.

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Chengdu is a leading financial centre in the Asia-Pacific region and ranks 35th globally and 6th in China after in the 2021 Global Financial Centres Index.

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Chengdu has attracted a large number of foreign financial institutions, including Citigroup, HSBC, Standard Chartered Bank, JPMorgan Chase, ANZ and MUFG Bank.

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ANZ's data services center, established in 2011 in Chengdu, employs over 800 people, and in March 2019 the bank recruited further staff to support its data analytics and big data efforts.

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Historically, Chengdu has marked its name in the history of financial innovation.

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Now, Chengdu is not only the gateway of Western China for foreign financial institutions, but a booming town for Chinese domestic financial firms.

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In downtown Chengdu, there are 71 department stores whose business area exceeds 10,000 sq.

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Chengdu is one of the first service outsourcing bases in China.

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Chengdu is the "National High-Tech Industry Base for New Energy Industry", as approved by the National Development and Reform Commission.

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Chengdu ranked first again in the list of China's 15 "Cities with Highest Investment Value for New Energies" released at the beginning of 2011, and Shuangliu County under its jurisdiction entered "2010 China's Top 100 Counties of New Energies".

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Chengdu is home to the most competitive IT industry cluster in western China, an important integrated circuit industry base in China, and one of the five major national software industry bases.

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Chengdu is one of the major manufacturers of Chinese Military aviation technology.

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In 1992, Singapore capitals brought into Chengdu helped constructing Jinxiu Garden, which was the first elite residential area.

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Chengdu airport is a 144-hour visa-free transit airport for foreigners from many countries.

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Chengdu is the fourth city in China with two commercial-use runways, after Beijing, Shanghai and Guangzhou.

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Chengdu is the primary railway hub city and rail administrative center in southwestern China.

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The China Railway Chengdu Group manages the railway system of Sichuan Province, Chongqing City, and Guizhou Province.

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Chengdu–Dujiangyan high-speed railway is a high-speed rail line connecting Chengdu with the satellite city of Dujiangyan and the Mountain Qingcheng World Heritage Site.

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Therefore, Chengdu has no direct access to the Yangtze River or any other larger river.

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However, to ensure that Chengdu's goods have access to the river efficiently, inland port cities of Yibin and Luzhou—both of which are reachable from Chengdu within hours by expressways—on the Yangtze have commenced large-scale port infrastructure development.

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Chengdu is the center of higher education and scientific research in Southwest China.

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The United States Consulate General at Chengdu was closed on 27 July 2020, corresponding to the closure of Chinese Consulate-General, Houston.

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Chengdu is the hometown of Grand Slam champions Zheng Jie and Yan Zi, who won the women's double championships at both the Australian Open and Wimbledon in 2006, and Li Na who won the 2011 French Open and 2014 Australian Open, has led to increased interest in tennis in Chengdu.

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Chengdu is part of an elite group of cities to host an ATP Champions Tour tournament, along with London, Zurich, Sao Paulo and Delray Beach.

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Chengdu Goldenport Circuit is a motorsport racetrack that has hosted the A1 Grand Prix, Formula V6 Asia, China Formula 4 Championship and China GT Championship.

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