30 Facts About Sichuan


Sichuan is a province in Southwest China occupying most of the Sichuan Basin and the easternmost part of the Tibetan Plateau between the Jinsha River on the west, the Daba Mountains in the north and the Yungui Plateau to the south.

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The spicy Sichuan pepper is prominent in modern Sichuan cuisine, featuring dishes—including Kung Pao chicken and mapo tofu—that have become staples of Chinese cuisine around the world.

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Sichuan is the 6th-largest provincial economy of China and the second largest among inland provinces after Henan.

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The existence of a highly developed civilization with an independent bronze industry in Sichuan eventually came to light with an archaeological discovery in 1986 at a small village named Sanxingdui in Guanghan, Sichuan.

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The Sichuan basin is surrounded by the Hengduan Mountains to the west, the Qin Mountains to the north, and Yungui Plateau to the south.

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Since the Yangtze flows through the basin and then through the perilous Three Gorges to eastern and southern China, Sichuan was a staging area for amphibious military forces and a haven for political refugees.

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Sichuan was subjected to the autonomous control of kings named by the imperial family of the Han dynasty.

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Sichuan came under the firm control of a Chinese central government during the Sui dynasty, but it was during the subsequent Tang dynasty that Sichuan regained its previous political and cultural prominence for which it was known during the Han.

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Sichuan saw cultural revivals like the great poets Su Xun, Su Shi, and Su Zhe.

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The recorded number of families in Sichuan dropped from 2, 640, 000 families, as recorded from the census taken in 1162 AD, to 120, 000 families in 1282 AD.

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Sichuan was originally the origin of the Deng lineage until one of them was hired as an official in Guangdong during the Ming dynasty but during the Qing plan to increase the population in 1671 they came to Sichuan again.

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Sichuan was reconstituted in 1952, with Chongqing added in 1954, while the former Xikang province was split between Tibet in the west and Sichuan in the east.

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In 1978, when Deng Xiaoping took power, Sichuan was one of the first provinces to experiment with the market economic enterprise.

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From 1955 until 1997 Sichuan had been China's most populous province, hitting the 100 million mark shortly after the 1982 census figure of 99, 730, 000.

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Politics of Sichuan is structured in a dual party-government system like all other governing institutions in mainland China.

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Governor of Sichuan is the highest-ranking official in the People's Government of Sichuan.

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Sichuan has been historically known as the "Province of Abundance".

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Sichuan had the largest output of pork among all the provinces and the second largest output of silkworm cocoons in 1999.

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Sichuan possesses China's largest proven natural gas reserves, the majority of which are transported to more developed eastern regions.

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China Railway Chengdu Group is headquartered in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province, managing railway systems in Sichuan, Chongqing, and Guizhou.

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High-speed railways in Sichuan include the Chengdu-Chongqing High-speed Railway, Xi'an-Chengdu High-speed Railway, Chengdu-Guiyang High-speed Railway, and Chengdu-Kunming High-speed Railway.

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Sichuan was China's most populous province before Chongqing became a directly controlled municipality; it is currently the fourth most populous, after Guangdong, Shandong, and Henan.

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Predominant religions in Sichuan are Chinese folk religions, Taoist traditions, and Chinese Buddhism.

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Sichuan is one of the cradles of the early Heavenly Masters' Taoist religious movements.

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In 2003, Sichuan had "88 art performing troupes, 185 culture centers, 133 libraries, and 52 museums".

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Languages of Sichuan are primarily members of three subfamilies of the Sino-Tibetan languages.

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The Yi people of Liangshan Yi Autonomous Prefecture in southern Sichuan speak the Nuosu language, which is one of the Lolo-Burmese languages; Yi is written using the Yi script, a syllabary standardized in 1974.

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Sichuan is well known for its spicy cuisine and use of Sichuan peppers due to its humid climate.

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Sichuan cuisine is popular in the whole nation of China, and so are Sichuan chefs.

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Two well-known Sichuan chefs are Chen Kenmin and his son Chen Kenichi, who was Iron Chef Chinese on the Japanese television series "Iron Chef".

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