10 Facts About Sichuan Basin


Sichuan Basin, formerly transliterated as the Szechwan Basin, sometimes called the Red Basin, is a lowland region in southwestern China.

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Westernmost section of the Sichuan Basin is the Chengdu Plain, occupied by Chengdu, provincial capital of Sichuan.

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The central portions of the Sichuan Basin are generally rolling, covered by low hills, eroded remnants of the uplifted Sichuan Basin floor.

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The entirety of the Sichuan Basin is drained by the Yangtze River and its tributaries.

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The Sichuan Basin's well preserved Jurassic layers have proven valuable to paleontology, such of those of the Shaximiao Formation, near Zigong, which preserves abundant remains of dinosaurs and other prehistoric animals.

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Relative to the areas surrounding the upper Yellow River and the North China Plain, the Sichuan Basin has played a peripheral role in the development of Chinese civilization.

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The Sichuan Basin was integrated into Imperial China under Qin dynasty for whom it was an important agricultural resource.

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Sichuan Basin became a major focus of industrial development during Mao's Great Leap Forward.

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Transportation to the west from Sichuan Basin has proven to be an even greater challenge, with steep mountains and deep valleys hindering movement.

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Nevertheless, the Sichuan Basin has played a role as a stopover on the southern Silk Road and provided the most direct route between India and China.

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