16 Facts About Tokugawa shogunate


Tokugawa shogunate, known as the Edo shogunate, was the military government of Japan during the Edo period from 1603 to 1868.

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Tokugawa shogunate was established by Tokugawa Ieyasu after victory at the Battle of Sekigahara, ending the civil wars of the Sengoku period following the collapse of the Ashikaga shogunate.

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Ieyasu became the shogun, and the Tokugawa shogunate clan governed Japan from Edo Castle in the eastern city of Edo along with the daimyo lords of the samurai class.

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The Tokugawa shogunate organized Japanese society under the strict Tokugawa class system and banned most foreigners under the isolationist policies of Sakoku to promote political stability.

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The Tokugawa shogunate shoguns governed Japan in a feudal system, with each daimyo administering a han, although the country was still nominally organized as imperial provinces.

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Under the Tokugawa shogunate, Japan experienced rapid economic growth and urbanization, which led to the rise of the merchant class and Ukiyo culture.

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Tokugawa shogunate declined during the Bakumatsu period from 1853 and was overthrown by supporters of the Imperial Court in the Meiji Restoration in 1868.

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The Empire of Japan was established under the Meiji government, and Tokugawa shogunate loyalists continued to fight in the Boshin War until the defeat of the Republic of Ezo at the Battle of Hakodate in June 1869.

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Notwithstanding its eventual overthrow in favour of the more modernized, less feudal form of governance of the Meiji Restoration, the Tokugawa shogunate oversaw the longest period of peace and stability in Japan's history, lasting well over 260 years.

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Towards the end of the shogunate, the Tokugawa clan held around 7 million koku of land, including 2.

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Early in the Edo period, the Tokugawa shogunate viewed the tozama as the least likely to be loyal; over time, strategic marriages and the entrenchment of the system made the tozama less likely to rebel.

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The Tokugawa shogunate issued the Laws for the Imperial and Court Officials to set out its relationship with the Imperial family and the kuge, and specified that the Emperor should dedicate to scholarship and poetry.

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The Tokugawa shogunate appointed a liaison, the Kyoto Shoshidai, to deal with the Emperor, court and nobility.

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Tokugawa shogunate saw it as a tool he could use to suppress Buddhist forces.

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The Tokugawa shogunate obtained loans from merchants, which were sometimes seen as forced donations, although commerce was often not taxed.

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Late Tokugawa shogunate was the period between 1853 and 1867, during which Japan ended its isolationist foreign policy called sakoku and modernized from a feudal shogunate to the Meiji government.

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