15 Facts About Chang'an


Subsequently, Chang'an city became the Asian gateway to Europe as the point of departure of the Silk Road.

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Chang'an was therefore sometimes referred to as the Western Capital or Xijing in some Han dynasty texts.

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Chang'an chose to site the city on ruins of the Qin Dynasty Apex Temple .

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Chang'an added the nine temples complex south of the city, and built the park.

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Chang'an was briefly the capital of the Western Jin dynasty from 312 to 316.

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When Northern Wei split in two, Chang'an became the capital of Western Wei, and of its successor state Northern Zhou .

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Chang'an's layout influenced the city planning of several other Asian capitals for many years to come.

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Much of Chang'an was destroyed during its repeated sacking during the An Lushan Rebellion and several subsequent events.

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Chang'an was occupied by the forces of An Lushan and Shi Siming, in 756; then taken back by the Tang government and allied troops in 757.

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In 765, Chang'an was besieged by an alliance of the Tibetan Empire and the Uyghur Khaganate.

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In 779, the Tang dynasty issued an edict which forced Uighurs in the capital, Chang'an, to wear their ethnic dress, stopped them from marrying Chinese females, and banned them from pretending to be Chinese.

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Between 783 and 784, Chang'an was again occupied by rebels during the Jingyuan Rebellion .

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However, the Tang forces, although welcomed by the inhabitants, looted Chang'an before being driven back by the forces of Huang Chao.

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Chang'an never recovered after the apex of the Tang dynasty, but there are some monuments from the Tang era still standing.

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The citizens of Chang'an were pleased with the government once the imperial court ordered the planting of fruit trees along all of the avenues of the city in 740.

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