11 Facts About Phoenicia


Phoenicia was an ancient thalassocratic civilization originating in the Levant region of the eastern Mediterranean, primarily located in modern Lebanon.

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The term Phoenicia is an ancient Greek exonym that most likely described one of their most famous exports, a dye known as Tyrian purple; it did not correspond precisely to a cohesive culture or society as it would have been understood natively.

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Phoenicia rose to power in 858 BC and began a series of campaigns against neighboring states.

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Phoenicia was one of the first areas to be conquered by Alexander the Great during his military campaigns across western Asia.

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The rest of Phoenicia easily came under his control, with Sidon surrendering peacefully.

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Seleucid Kingdom, including Phoenicia, was seized by Tigranes the Great of Armenia in 82 BC, ending the Hellenistic influence on the region.

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Phoenicia became a separate province in the third century AD.

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Phoenicia lacked considerable natural resources other than its cedar wood.

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Phoenicia'storians have determined a clear line of succession over centuries for some city-states, notably Byblos and Tyre.

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Women in Phoenicia took part in public events and religious processions, with depictions of banquets showing them casually sitting or reclining with men, dancing, and playing music.

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Religious practices and beliefs of Phoenicia were generally common to those of their neighbors in Canaan, which in turn shared characteristics common throughout the ancient Semitic world.

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