23 Facts About Sidon


Sidon, known locally as Sayda or Saida (Arabic: ), is the third-largest city in Lebanon.

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Sidon has a population of about 80, 000 within city limits, while its metropolitan area has more than a quarter-million inhabitants.

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When Sidon fell under Roman domination, it continued to mint its own silver coins.

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Sidon's ambitions were opposed by the British Empire, which backed the Ottomans.

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Sidon capitulated in two days, and the British went on to Acre.

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The refugee camps constituted de facto neighborhoods of Sidon, but had a separate legal and political status which made them into a kind of enclaves.

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The attack on Sidon is credited with leading to a truce between Hizbollah and Amal and increased cooperation between the two groups and the Lebanese Army.

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Sidon was a small fishing town of 10, 000 inhabitants in 1900, but studies in 2000 showed a population of 65, 000 in the city, and around 200, 000 in the metropolitan area.

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Politics of Sidon is similar to that of the traditional old cities of the Levant in the sense of being family-based.

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Sidon politicians, including the Hariri family, failed for decades to resolve the Makab crisis—which has endangered residents health.

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In 2004, Engineer Hamzi Moghrabi, a Sidon native, conceived the idea to establish a treatment plant for the city's decades-old chronic waste problem.

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Sidon established the privately funded IBC Enviro and the treatment plant became operational in 2013.

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Qamla beach in Sidon, a coast in close proximity to the Sea Castle, witnessed a large municipal cleanup in May 2011, as it was an easy target of rubbish being washed up by the Makab.

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Sidon is the center of the Governorate of South Lebanon, and hosts the seat of the Governor of Southern Lebanon.

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However, in the 2009 elections – and due to the reactivation of the 1960 electoral law – the city of Sidon was separated from its district to form a separate electoral district.

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Overwhelming majority of Sidon's population belong to the Sunni sect of Islam, with few Shiites and Christians.

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Sidon is the seat of the Greek Melkite Catholic Archbishop of Sidon and Deir el Qamar, and has housed a significant Catholic population throughout its history.

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Sidon is home to numerous educational facilities ranging from public elementary schools to private universities.

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Sidon contains 10 universities, 5 of which are private universities.

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Sidon I is an archaeological site located to the east of the city, south of the road to Jezzine.

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Sidon II is said to be "near the church" at approximately fifty meters above sea level.

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Sidon III was found by E Passemard in the 1920s, who made a collection of material that is in the National Museum of Beirut marked "Camp de l'Aviation".

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Archaeologists determined that Sidon was clearly the big power centre during MBA, controlling significant territory.

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