15 Facts About Buyeo


Buyeo is a major predecessor of the Korean kingdoms of Goguryeo and Baekje.

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Buyeo entered into formal diplomatic relations with the Eastern Han dynasty by the mid-1st century AD as an important ally of that empire to check the Xianbei and Goguryeo threats.

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Jurisdiction of Buyeo was then placed under the Liaodong Commandery of the Eastern Han.

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Buyeo state emerged from the Bronze Age polities of the Xituanshan and Liangquan archaeological cultures in the context of trade with various Chinese polities.

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The Buyeo elites sought this arrangement as it legitimized their rule and gave them better access to Han's prestige trade goods.

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Two years later, Buyeo sent troops to the Xuantu commandery to prevent it from being destroyed by Goguryeo when it sent reinforcement to break the siege of the commandery seat.

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When Emperor Xian ruled Eastern Han, Buyeo was reclassified as a tributary of the Liaodong Commandery of Han.

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In 285 the Murong tribe of the Xianbei, led by Murong Hui, invaded Buyeo, pushing King Uiryeo to suicide, and forcing the relocation of the court to Okjeo.

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Around 347, Buyeo was attacked by Murong Huang of the Former Yan, and King Hyeon was captured.

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Remnant of Buyeo seems to have lingered around modern Harbin area under the influence of Goguryeo.

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In 494, Buyeo were under attack by the rising Wuji, and the Buyeo court moved and surrendered to Goguryeo.

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Many ancient historical records indicate the "Jolbon Buyeo", apparently referring to the incipient Goguryeo or its capital city.

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Four kas existed in Buyeo, which were horse ka, cow ka, pig ka, and dog ka, and ka is presumed to be of similar origin with the title khan.

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Buyeo is north of the Long Wall, a thousand li distant from Xuantu; it is contiguous with Goguryeo on the south, with the Eumnu on the east and the Xianbei on the west, while to its north is the Ruo River.

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Buyeo had a law that makes the thief reimburse the price that is equivalent to twelve times of the original amount the person stole, and had an eye to eye approach in terms of law.

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