40 Facts About Nigeria

1. Nigeria is a federal republic comprising 36 states and the Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja, is located.

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2. The largest city in Nigeria is Lagos, one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world and the second-largest in Africa.

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3. Nigeria became a formally independent federation on 1 October, 1960.

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4. Nigeria is a multinational state inhabited by more than 250 ethnic groups speaking 500 distinct languages, all identifying with a wide variety of cultures.

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5. Nigeria is a regional power in Africa, a middle power in international affairs, and is an emerging global power.

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6. Nigeria is a founding member of the African Union and a member of many international organizations, including the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, NAM, the Economic Community of West African States, and OPEC.

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7. Name Nigeria was taken from the Niger River running through the country.

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8. Nok civilization of Nigeria thrived between 1,500 BC and AD 200.

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9. Yoruba kingdoms of Ife and Oyo in southwestern Nigeria became prominent in the 12th and 14th centuries, respectively.

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10. Slave routes were established throughout Nigeria linking the hinterland areas with the major coastal ports.

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11. In 1979, five political parties competed in a series of elections in which Alhaji Shehu Shagari of the National Party of Nigeria was elected president.

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12. The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the country.

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13. English law in Nigeria is derived from the colonial Nigeria, while common law is a development from its post colonial independence.

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14. Nigeria backed the African National Congress by taking a committed tough line about the South African government.

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15. Nigeria was a founding member of the Organisation for African Unity and has tremendous influence in West Africa and Africa on the whole.

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16. Nigeria founded regional cooperative efforts in West Africa, functioning as the standard-bearer for the Economic Community of West African States and ECOMOG (especially during the Liberia and Sierra Leone civil wars) - which are economic and military organizations, respectively.

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17. Nigeria supported several Pan-African and pro-self government causes in the 1970s, including garnering support for Angola's MPLA, SWAPO in Namibia, and aiding opposition to the minority governments of Portuguese Mozambique, and Rhodesia.

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18. Nigeria is divided into thirty-six states and one Federal Capital Territory, which are further sub-divided into 774 local government areas.

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19. Nigeria is covered by three types of vegetation: forests, savannahs (insignificant tree cover, with grasses and flowers located between trees), and montane land (least common and mainly found in the mountains near the Cameroon border.

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20. Nigeria made history in April 2006 by becoming the first African country to completely pay off its debt owed to the Paris Club.

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21. Until now, Nigeria exported unhusked rice but had to import husked rice, the country's staple food.

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22. Nigeria is the 12th largest producer of petroleum in the world, the 8th largest exporter, and has the 10th largest proven reserves.

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23. In June 2013, Shell announced a strategic review of its operations in Nigeria, hinting that assets could be divested.

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24. In 2016, Nigeria was the leading cement producer south of the Sahara, ahead of South Africa.

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25. The pharmaceutical producer with the most employees in Nigeria appears to be Emzor Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd.

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26. Plc and Swiss Pharma Nigeria seem to be the major pharmaceutical companies in Nigeria.

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27. Furthermore, the number of internet users in Nigeria increased by 4.8 million between 2021 and 2022.

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28. The median mobile internet connection speed in Nigeria increased by 4.88 Mbps in the 12 months to early 2022.

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29. In 2017, Nigeria signed the UN treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons.

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30. In June 2015, Nigeria selected two sites for the planned construction of the nuclear plants.

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31. The Middle Belt of Nigeria is known for its diversity of ethnic groups, including the Atyap, Berom, Goemai, Igala, Kofyar, Pyem, and Tiv.

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32. Major languages spoken in Nigeria represent three major families of languages of Africa: the majority are Niger-Congo languages, such as Igbo, Yoruba, Ibibio, Ijaw, Fulfulde, Ogoni, and Edo.

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33. Nigeria became the second African country to have successfully carried out this surgery.

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34. Education in Nigeria is overseen by the Ministry of Education.

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35. Nigeria provides free, government-supported education, but attendance is not compulsory at any level, and certain groups, such as nomads and the handicapped, are under-served.

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36. Nigeria was ranked 118th in the Global Innovation Index in 2021, down from 114th in 2019.

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37. Nigeria is home to a substantial network of organised crime, active especially in drug trafficking, shipping heroin from Asian countries to Europe and America; and cocaine from South America to Europe and South Africa.

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38. Nigeria is a state party of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women It has signed the Maputo Protocol, an international treaty on women's rights, and the African Union Women's Rights Framework.

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39. Joshua's Emmanuel TV, originating from Nigeria, is one of the most viewed television stations across Africa.

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40. Nigeria is involved in other sports such as basketball, cricket and track and field.

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