31 Facts About Portuguese Mozambique


Portuguese Mozambique or Portuguese East Africa were the common terms by which Mozambique was designated during the period in which it was a Portuguese colony.

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Portuguese Mozambique originally constituted a string of Portuguese possessions along the south-east African coast, and later became a unified colony, which now forms the Republic of Mozambique.

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The Portuguese Mozambique increased efforts for occupying the interior of the colony after the Scramble for Africa, and secured political control over most of its territory in 1918, facing the resistance of Africans during the process.

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Some territories in Portuguese Mozambique were handed over in the late 19th century for rule by chartered companies like the Portuguese Mozambique Company, which had the concession of the lands corresponding to the present-day provinces of Manica and Sofala, and the Niassa Company, which had controlled the lands of the modern provinces of Cabo Delgado and Niassa.

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Until the 20th century, the land and peoples of Portuguese Mozambique were barely affected by the Europeans who came to its shores and entered its major rivers.

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In Portugal Portuguese Mozambique was considered to be a vital part of a world empire.

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Periodic recognition of the relative insignificance of the revenues it could produce was tempered by the mystique which developed regarding the mission of the Portuguese Mozambique to bring their civilisation to the African territory.

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That most Africans were perceived to engage in "uncivilised behaviour" by the Portuguese Mozambique created a low opinion of Africans as a group among Europeans.

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When Portuguese Mozambique explorers reached East Africa in 1498, Swahili commercial settlements had existed along the Swahili Coast and outlying islands for several centuries.

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The Portuguese gained control of the Island of Mozambique and the port city of Sofala in the early 16th century.

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The Portuguese Mozambique finally entered into direct relations with the Mwenemutapa in the 1560s.

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Portuguese Mozambique attempted to legitimate and consolidate their trade and settlement positions through the creation of tied to Portuguese Mozambique settlement and administration.

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The Portuguese Mozambique were able to wrest much of the coastal trade from Arabs between 1500 and 1700, but, with the Arab seizure of Portugal's key foothold at Fort Jesus on Mombasa Island in 1698, the pendulum began to swing in the other direction.

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The chartered companies and the Portuguese Mozambique administration built roads and ports to bring their goods to market including a railway linking Southern Rhodesia with the Mozambican port of Beira.

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At least since the early 19th century, the legal status of Portuguese Mozambique always considered it as much a part of Portugal as Lisbon, but as a provincia ultramarina enjoyed special derogations to account for its distance from Europe.

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From 1837, the highest government official in the province of Portuguese Mozambique has always been the Governor-General, who reported directly to the Government in Lisbon, usually through the Minister of the Overseas.

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The authority of the government of Portuguese Mozambique was residual, primarily limited to implementing policies already decided in Europe.

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In 1967, Portuguese Mozambique sent seven delegates to the National Assembly in Lisbon.

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Portuguese Mozambique was divided into nine districts, which were further subdivided into 61 municipalities and 33 circumscriptions .

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Each was run by a, an African or Portuguese Mozambique official chosen on the recommendation of local residents.

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Portuguese Mozambique was cosmopolitan as it had Indian, Chinese, Greek and Anglophone communities .

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The Portuguese Mozambique colony was divided into, in urban areas, governed by colonial and metropolitan legislation, and, in rural areas.

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Legally speaking, by the 1960s and 1970s segregation in Portuguese Mozambique was minimal compared to that in neighbouring South Africa.

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The Southeast African and Portuguese Mozambique cultures were dominant, but the influence of Arab, Indian, and Chinese cultures were felt.

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Thereafter, Mozambique, along with other Portuguese colonies, was put under the direct control of Lisbon.

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Nine out of the twenty-three insurance companies were Portuguese Mozambique, which included insurance companies related to Fidelidade throughout its history.

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Portuguese overseas province of Mozambique was the first territory of Portugal, including the European mainland, to distribute Coca-Cola.

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Economically, Portuguese Mozambique was a source of agricultural raw materials and an earner of foreign exchange.

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Portuguese Mozambique-ruled territory was introduced to several popular European and North American sports disciplines since the early urbanistic and economic booms of the 1920s and 1940s.

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Statistically, Portuguese Mozambique's whites were indeed wealthier and more skilled than the black indigenous majority, in spite of decreasing legal discrimination of Africans starting in the 1960s.

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At a military level, a part of Portuguese Mozambique Guinea was de facto independent since 1973, but the capital and the major towns were still under Portuguese Mozambique control.

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