20 Facts About Ibadan


Ibadan is the capital and most populous city of Oyo State, in Nigeria.

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At the time of Nigeria's independence in 1960, Ibadan was the largest and most populous city in the country, and the second most populous in Africa behind Cairo.

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Ibadan is ranked the second fastest growing city on the African continent according to the UN Human settlements research program, It is ranked third in West Africa in the tech startups index.

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Ibadan joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2016.

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Ibadan is located in south-western Nigeria, 128 kilometres inland northeast of Lagos and 530 kilometres southwest of Abuja, the federal capital.

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Ibadan had been the administrative centre of the old Western Region since the early days of British colonial rule, and parts of the city's ancient protective walls still stand to this day.

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Ibadan grew into an impressive and sprawling urban center, such that by the end of 1829 Ibadan dominated the Yoruba region militarily, politically and economically.

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In 1893, the Ibadan area became a British Protectorate after a treaty signed by Fijabi, the Baale of Ibadan with the British acting Governor of Lagos Colony, George C Denton on 15 August.

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The British developed the new colony to facilitate their commercial activities in the area, and Ibadan shortly grew into the major trading center that it is today.

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Ibadan is located in south-western Nigeria in the southeastern part of Oyo State at about 119 kilometres northeast of Lagos and 120 kilometres east of the Nigerian international border with the Republic of Benin.

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City of Ibadan is naturally drained by four rivers with many tributaries: Ona River in the North and West; Ogbere River towards the East; Ogunpa River flowing through the city and Kudeti River in the Central part of the metropolis.

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Ibadan has a tropical wet and dry climate, with a lengthy wet season and relatively constant temperatures throughout the year.

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The mean total rainfall for Ibadan is approximately 1,230 millimetres or 48 inches, falling over about 123 days.

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Until 1970, Ibadan was the largest city in Sub-Saharan Africa by surface area.

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Since then, Ibadan city has spread further into the neighbouring local government areas of Akinyele and Egbeda in particular.

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Ibadan is host to Nigeria's premier higher institution of learning, The University of Ibadan.

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Ibadan is the capital city of Oyo State, the fourth largest state economy in Nigeria, and the second largest non-oil state economy in Nigeria after Lagos state.

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Ibadan is a busy city but accommodates an adequate amount of entertainment and relaxation.

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City of Ibadan is a major Nigerian transport hub with freeways linking it with Lagos in the South South West, Ijebu Ode and Shagamu in the South, Abeokuta in the West, Oyo, ogbomosho, Offa and Ilorin in the North, Ife, Ado Ekiti, Osogbo, Ilesha, Akure, Okene, Auchi and other cities towards the East.

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The oldest surviving Nigeria newspaper is in Ibadan Tribune founded by chief Obafemi Awolowo Premier of Western Nigeria.

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