21 Facts About Abuja


Abuja is the capital and eighth most populous city of Nigeria.

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Abuja's geography is defined by Aso Rock, a 400-metre monolith left by water erosion.

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Abuja is known for being one of the few purpose-built capital cities in Africa, as well as being one of the wealthiest.

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Abuja is a conference centre and hosts various meetings annually, such as the 2003 Commonwealth Heads of Government meeting and the 2014 World Economic Forum meetings.

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Abuja joined the UNESCO Global Network of Learning Cities in 2016.

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Indigenous inhabitants of Abuja are the Gbagyi, with the Gbagyi language formerly being the major language of the region.

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The initial work for Abuja's planning and implementation were carried out by the Military Government of General's Murtala Mohammed and Olusegun Obasanjo and carried over into the Administration of Shehu Shagari.

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Master plan for Abuja defined the general structure and major design elements of the city that are now visible.

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Abuja is the headquarters of the Economic Community of West African States and the regional headquarters of OPEC.

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Abuja skyline is made up of mostly mid-range and a few tall buildings.

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Abuja is home to several parks and green areas with the largest one being Millennium Park.

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Abuja has a variety of informal spaces known as "Bush Bars" that usually, though not always, include a covered area with tables and chairs where people can sit and have drinks and sometimes there are snacks such as suya, grilled catfish, pounded yam, egusi soup and other small items available for purchase.

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Abuja's Central District, called Central Area, is a strip of land stretching from Aso Rock in the east to the National Stadium and the Old City gate in the West.

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Durumi District is located southwest of Abuja and is bordered by Garki Districts I and II to the northeast.

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Effects of climate change have been observed in Abuja, according to a study conducted by the Nigerian Meteorological Agency and Atmospheric Science Group of Imo State University.

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Abuja has witnessed a huge influx of people into the city; the growth has led to the emergence of satellite towns, such as Karu Urban Area, Suleja, Gwagwalada, Lugbe, Kuje and smaller settlements towards which the planned city is sprawling.

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The metropolitan area of Abuja was estimated in 2016 as six million persons, the country's second-most populous metro area.

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Abuja is served by the Nigerian Postal Service which maintains postal codes, street names and zones.

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Abuja is linked to Nasarawa, Plateau, Benue and Northeast Nigeria by the A234 Federal Highway, which starts from the city as the Goodluck Jonathan expressway, some portions of which are still under construction.

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Abuja is on the route of the planned Lagos–Kano Standard Gauge Railway, which has been completed between Abuja and Kaduna.

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Abuja is known as one of the states in Nigeria that provides quality post-secondary education.

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