18 Facts About Lagos Colony


Lagos Colony was a British colonial possession centred on the port of Lagos in what is southern Nigeria.

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The protectorate was incorporated into the new Southern Nigeria Protectorate in February 1906, and Lagos Colony became the capital of the Protectorate of Nigeria in January 1914.

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Since then, Lagos Colony has grown to become the largest city in West Africa, with an estimated metropolitan population of over 9,000,000 as of 2011.

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Lagos Colony has a tropical savanna climate with two rainy seasons.

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In 1730, the Oba of Lagos Colony invited Portuguese slave traders to the island, where soon a flourishing trade developed.

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The next year Lagos Colony was upgraded to a full consulate with Benjamin Campbell appointed as Consul.

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Lagos Colony became a base from which the British gradually extended their jurisdiction, in the form of a protectorate, over the hinterland.

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On 14 November 1862 Governor Henry Stanhope Freeman called on all British subjects to return from Abeokuta to Lagos Colony, leaving their property, for which the chiefs of Abeokuta would be answerable to the British government.

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Lagos Colony was seen as a haven by runaway slaves, who were something of a problem for the administration.

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Lagos Colony did not consider that abolition of slavery in the colony would be practical.

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Lagos Colony considered it would be "a dangerous instrument in the hands of semi-civilized Negroes".

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The Lagos Colony elites lobbied intensively to have autonomy restored, which did not happen until 1886.

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Colonial Lagos Colony developed into a busy, cosmopolitan port, with an architecture that blended Victorian and Brazilian styles.

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In 1886 Lagos became a separate colony from the Gold Coast under Governor Cornelius Alfred Moloney.

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The Lagos Colony administration, acting through Samuel Johnson and Charles Phillips of the Church Mission Society, arranged a ceasefire and then a treaty that guaranteed the independence of the Ekiti towns.

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Growth of the city of Lagos Colony was largely unplanned, impeded by the complex of swamps, canals and sand spits.

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Lagos Colony was the capital of Nigeria until 1991, when that role was ceded to the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, and remains the commercial capital.

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From 1866 to 1886 Lagos Colony was subordinate first to Sierra Leone, then to Gold Coast.

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